ISSN:
1573-093X

Source:
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000

Topics:
Physics

Notes:
Abstract This paper studies two properties of chromospheric spicules: their angular distribution and the plasma velocity along their axes. To investigate the first property, we measured the apparent tilt of spicules at the limb, and then computed their actual distribution in space. This was achieved by solving first kind Fredholm or Volterra integral equations by various methods. The distribution of the axial velocity of the spicule plasma was studied on the basis of two types of observations: (1) the height variation of the spicules as a function of time and (2) the Doppler shift of the spectral lines. The resulting velocity distributions, using the experimental data of these two sets of observations, are quite different. The average velocity based on the Doppler shift measurements (≈ 40 km s−1) is greater than that based on height variation of spicules (≈ 20 km s−1). This is due to the ionization of the material as it penetrates the corona.

Type of Medium:
Electronic Resource

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