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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Process Safety Progress 16 (1997), S. 32-36 
    ISSN: 1066-8527
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Transportation of hazardous chemicals as raw materials or products from chemical process facilities presents special hazards. Recently, the Risk Assessment Subcommittee (RASC) of the AIChE Center for Chemical Process Safetly (CCPS) completed a three-year project which has been published in a CCPS Guidelines Series entitled Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Risk Analysis. The major themes of the book are summarized in this paper and the methods and techniques used in evaluating the risk of movement of hazardous chemicals are described. Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Risk Analysis covers methods that can be used to evaluate the risk of movement of a hazardous chemical by rail, barge, truck, pipeline, and ocean-going vessel. A simple example is presented using the methods discussed in the guidelines.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Process Safety Progress 16 (1997), S. 78-79 
    ISSN: 1066-8527
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: It is generally agreed that inherent safety is most effectively addressed early in chemical process development. Measurement of inherent safety, health, and environmental (SHE) characterisics of various process alternatives is important to effectively consider these charactersitics when selecting the best overall process. Several tools which can be used to measure inherent SHE characteristics of a chemical process early in development are briefly discussed.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Process Safety Progress 14 (1995), S. O3 
    ISSN: 1066-8527
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Process Safety Progress 14 (1995), S. 52-56 
    ISSN: 1066-8527
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Identification of inherently safer process options is a multi-dimensional problem. Nearly all chemical processes involve a number of processing steps. Associated with each processing step there is usually a number of hazards or hazard types, for example, high pressure, high temperature, acute toxicity, chronic toxicity, fire, explosion. A process which is inherently safer with respect to one of these hazards may be more hazardous with respect to another hazard. Several examples will be discussed, including selection of refrigerants, batch vs. continuous reaction, and solvent selection for a batch exothermic reaction. These examples illustrate the importance of a thorough understanding of all of the potential hazards in the process. Finally, some tools for evaluating process options and selecting among a group of processes with conflicting inherent safety characteristics are discussed.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1066-8527
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A fifty-five gallon steel drum of a liquid organic peroxide pressurized and ruptured in the mix room of a manufacturing plant. The head of the drum blew off and the ejected material ignited. The resulting fire was extinguished by the building sprinkler system and operating personnel. Although there were no injuries, the fire caused significant damage in the mix room. The investigation of this incident, its likely cause, and the corrective actions will be discussed.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Process Safety Progress 15 (1996), S. 213-218 
    ISSN: 1066-8527
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Quantitative risk analysis (QRA) is a valuable tool for understanding and managing risk in the chemical process industry. QRA is most useful when used to evaluate the impact of design alternatives on facility risk (comparing the risk of one design option to one or more alternatives). QRA also determines the major contributors to facility risk, so that efforts to manage and reduce that risk can be directed to areas where they will have the largest impact and be the most cost effective. However, it is inevitable that the use of a tool which generates a numerical estimate of risk will raise questions as to the tolerability of that estimated risk. The use of quantitative risk guidelines as one tool in the risk management process will be discussed.“Wise Men Foresee Calamity in Order the Better to Bear it.” - Attributed to King Arthur at his Coronation by Geoffrey of Monmouth (c. 1136) in Histoiria regum Britanniae[1]
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Process Safety Progress 14 (1995), S. 227-228 
    ISSN: 1066-8527
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Inherently safer processes represent the most desirable way to manage risk. However, we must not forget that other approaches can be used effectively, and the inherently hazardous processes can be operated safely. The overall benefits of a hazardous technology can justify the use of that technology, with appropriate resources devoted to risk management, as we continue to search for viable inherently safety alternatives.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Plant/Operations Progress 11 (1992), S. 256-263 
    ISSN: 0278-4513
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A Hazard Evaluation (HE) study is not finished until the study documentation is complete and all of the issues and recommendations from the HE study have been resolved. While the extent and detail of the HE documentation will vary depending on the HE technique used, and on the stage in the process life cycle at which the study is performed, all studies should include documentation in three categories:1Process documentation, defining the design and intended operation of the facility at the time the HE study was performed.2HE study documentation, recording the actual performance of the HE study and including, for example, meeting notes or worksheets, logic models, hazard index calculations, etc.3Action documentation, summarizing all recommendations, perhaps with prioritization, and listing actions taken in response to the recommendations.Thorough and complete documentation of HE studies is essential for understanding the concerns which give rise to each recommendation, tracking action taken on recommendations to insure that all are resolved, using the HE study as a basis for subsequent HE or quantitative risk analysis studies, using the HE study to assist in the management of change, and periodic updating of the HE study. Modern computer based information storage and retrieval technology also opens the potential for use of HE study documentation as a tool for training and for process troubleshooting.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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