Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
The first spermatocytes of Circotettix verruculatus have eleven chromosomes. Five of these are regularly atelomitic and three are telomitic. The other three are variable and may have both diads telomitic, both atelomitic, or one diad telomitic while the other is atelomitic. The locus of fiber attachment and, consequently, the form of the chromosome are constant for the individual. The point of fiber insertion is known to be inherited according to mendelian principles, and is, therefore, a measure of the frequencies of the telomitic and atelomitic diads in a group of individuals.Samples of five geographically different populations were studied with respect to the proportion of atelomitic to telomitic diads in the three variable tetrads. The proportion for each of the three chromosomes was compared with that for the corresponding tetrads from the other localities. The data were subjected to statistical analysis, and significant differences between some of the groups were found in the proportion of atelomitic to telomitic diads in corresponding chromosomes.A possible correlation between these cytological differences among the various localities and the formation of geographical races or subspecies are discussed. An inversion of the portion of a chromosome, which causes an apparent, although not a real, change in the locus of fiber attachment, is suggested as the origin of atelomitic chromosomes. The effect which heteromorphism of synaptic mates may have on crossing-over is considered.
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