Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Effects of composition, compatibilization, and blending procedure on oxygen barrier properties of injection-molded polypropylene/polyamide 6 blends were investigated. The main attention was paid to the relationships between oxygen permeability, mechanical properties, and blend morphology. The effect of the polypropylene/polyamide 6 ratio was evident in blends with a homogeneous dispersion type of morphology. After the phase inversion, when polyamide became the continuous phase, the barrier properties of the blends were significantly improved and approached those of polyamide 6. Increasing the amount of the compatibilizer, maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene, was found to increase the permeability of the blend. The blending procedure had a significant effect on the permeability of the blends. The injection-molded blend exhibited a laminar type of morphology when polyamide 6 and the compatibilizer were preblended in a twin-screw extruder, and polypropylene was added later as a dry-blend before injection molding. The dispersed polyamide phase formed thin elongated platelets in the polypropylene matrix. This laminar morphology resulted in significant improvement of oxygen barrier properties approaching the level of the theoretical values calculated for corresponding coextruded structures. Moreover, both the tensile and impact properties of this particular blend were exceptionally good. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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