ab initio calculations
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A number of possible strategies for the preparation of λ5-phosphetes were tested as follows: cyclopropenium 6 was treated with the lithium salt of diphenylphosphine to give phosphinocyclopropene 7, but 7 did not undergo ring expansion upon photolysis or thermolysis. P-chloro-C—trimethylsilyl-substituted ylide 8b reacted with two equivalents of dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate to afford phosphinine 13 via a transient λ5-phosphete 12. Addition of aluminum trichloride to P-halogenated ylides 17a-b led to dihydrophosphetium salts 19a-b, which, upon treatment with pyridine, isomerized into the 1, 2-dihydrophosphet-2-ium salts 20a-b. Hydrolysis of derivatives 20a-b cleanly afforded phosphoniums 21 a-b, which reacted with NaN(SiMe3)2 to give rise to the corresponding λ5-phosphetes 22a-b. The benzo-λ5-phosphete 22a underwent ring expansion reactions with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate and acetonitrile, leading to benzo-λ5-phosphinine and benzo-1, 4λ5-azaphosphinine in good yields. Derivative 22b was characterized by X-ray crystal structure analysis. Ab initio SCF calculations, IGLO-13C chemical shifts and Δχ for various benzannulated derivatives and phosphorus heterocycles are presented.
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