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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Oxford [u.a.] : Oxford Univ. Press
    Call number: PIK B 100-04-0116
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: xxviii, 751 p , 26 cm
    ISBN: 0198776179 , 0-19-877618-7
    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 2
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Oxford [u.a.] : Oxford Univ. Press
    Call number: PIK B 100-11-0106
    Description / Table of Contents: Content: Preface ; Intermediate macroeconomics ; 1: Who is who in macroeconomics? ; 2: Dynamics in aggregate demand and supply ; 3: Rational expectations and economic policy ; 4: Anticipation effects and economic policy ; 5: The government budget deficit ; 6: A closer look at the labour market ; 7: Trade unions and the labour market ; 8: Search in the labour market ; 9: Macroeconomic policy, credibility, and politics ; 10: The open economy ; Advanced macroeconomics ; 11: Money ; 12: New Keynesian economics ; 13: Exogenous Economic Growth ; 14: Endogenous Economic Growth ; 15: Real business cycles ; 16: Overlapping generations in continuous time ; 17: Overlapping generations in discrete time ; Epilogue ; Mathematical Appendix
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XXV, 789 S. : graph. Darst.
    Edition: 2. ed.
    ISBN: 9780199210695
    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 3
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    Copenhagen: University of Copenhagen, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper employs an overlapping-generations model to explore the impact of public abatement on private investment and the intergenerational distribution of welfare. Whereas public abatement benefits the oldest generations in terms of non-environmental welfare, future generations gain most in terms of environmental welfare. The overall benefits tend to be smallest for the generations born at the time of the unanticipated policy shock. Public debt policy, however, can be employed to ensure that welfare gains are distributed more equally across the various generations. Such a policy implies that natural capital crowds out man-made capital.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: We incorporate Keeping-up-with-the-Joneses (KUJ) preferences into the Blanchard-Yaari (BY) framework and develop, using an AK technology, a model of balanced growth. In this context we investigate status preference, demographic, and pension policy shocks. We find that a higher degree of KUJ lowers economic growth, while, in contrast, a decrease in the fertility and mortality rates increase it. In the second part of the paper we extend the model by incorporating a Pay-as-you-go (PAYG) pension system with a statutory retirement date. This introduces a life-cycle in human wealth earnings and implies that the growth rate is higher under PAYG. We also consider the implications of an increase in the retirement date under both defined benefit and defined contribution schemes.
    Keywords: D91 ; E21 ; H55 ; ddc:330 ; Relative consumption ; OLG ; endogenous growth ; pension reform ; Gleichgewichtiges Wachstum ; Overlapping Generations ; Gesamtwirtschaftlicher Konsum ; Umlageverfahren ; Alternde Bevölkerung ; Neue Wachstumstheorie ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 5
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: We analyze the effects of socially responsible investment and public abatement on environmental quality and the economy in a continuous-time dynamic growth model featuring optimizing households and firms. Environmental quality is modelled as a renewable resource. Consumers can invest in government bonds or firm equity. Since investors feel partly responsible for environmental pollution when holding firm equity, they require a premium on the return to equity. We show that socially responsible investment behaviour by households partially offsets the positive effects on environmental quality of public abatement policies.
    Keywords: H23 ; M14 ; O16 ; O41 ; Q21 ; ddc:330 ; Socially responsible investment ; economic growth ; environmental economics ; resource dynamics ; stock market ; Ethische Geldanlage ; Kapitalanlage ; Umweltbewusstsein ; Umweltpolitik ; Umweltschutzinvestition ; Wirtschaftspolitische Wirkungsanalyse ; Umweltschutz ; Erneuerbare Ressourcen ; Wachstumstheorie ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 6
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: We construct an overlapping generations model for the small open economy which incorporates a realistic description of the mortality process. Agents engage in educational activities at the start of life and thus create human capital to be used later on in life for production purposes. Depending on the strength of the intergenerational externality in the human capital production function, the model gives rise to exogenous or endogenous growth. The effects of demographic shocks and fiscal stimuli on the growth path are derived, both at impact, during transition, and in the long run.
    Keywords: E10 ; D91 ; O40 ; F41 ; J11 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 7
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: The paper studies the dynamic macroeconomic effects of fiscal shocks of various duration (permanent and temporary) under different financing methods (lump-sum tax and government debt). To this end, we develop an intertemporal macroeconomic model for a small open economy, featuring monopolistic competition in the intermediate goods market, endogenous (intertemporal) labor supply, and finitely lived households. Endogenous labor supply is crucial in generating cyclical adjustment paths and yields faster convergence to the new steady state compared with exogenous labor supply. The quantitative output effects and transitional dynamics of fiscal policy differ substantially from those of an infinitely lived representative agent model. In addition, government debt is key in making the timing of shocks matter, thus yielding permanent output effects of temporary fiscal shocks.
    Keywords: E12 ; E63 ; L16 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 8
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: We construct a tractable discrete-time overlapping generations model of a closed economy and use it to study government redistribution of accidental bequests and private annuities in general equilibrium. Individuals face longevity risk as there is a positive probability of passing away before the retirement period. We find non-pathological cases where it is better for long-run welfare to waste accidental bequests than to give them to the elderly. Next we study the introduction of a perfectly competitive life insurance market offering actuarially fair annuities. There exists a tragedy of annuitization: although full annuitization of assets is privately optimal it is not socially beneficial due to adverse general equilibrium repercussions.
    Keywords: D52 ; D91 ; E10 ; J20 ; ddc:330 ; longevity risk ; risk sharing ; overlapping generations ; intergenerational transfers ; annuity markets ; Lebensversicherung ; Private Rentenversicherung ; Gesetzliche Rentenversicherung ; Sterblichkeit ; Versicherungstechnisches Risiko ; Privater Transfer ; Overlapping Generations ; Versicherungsökonomik ; Allgemeines Gleichgewicht ; Soziale Wohlfahrtsfunktion ; Wohlfahrtseffekt ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 9
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: How do population ageing shocks affect the long-run macroeconomic performance of an economy? To answer this question we build a general equilibrium overlapping generations model of a closed economy featuring endogenous factor prices. Finitely-lived individuals are endowed with perfect foresight and make optimal choices over the life cycle. In addition to selecting age profiles for consumption and the hours of time supplied to the labour market, they also choose their schooling level and retirement age. Human capital is accumulated as a result of work experience, the extent of which is determined by the intensity of labour supply. As the agent gets older, biological deterioration sets in and human capital depreciates at an increasing rate. This ultimately prompts the agent to withdraw from the labour market. The microeconomic and macroeconomic effects of three ageing shocks are studied, namely a biological longevity boost, a comprehensive longevity boost, and a baby bust. Robustness checks are performed by allowing for capital market imperfections and indivisibility of labour supply.
    Keywords: E10 ; D91 ; O40 ; F41 ; J11 ; ddc:330 ; human capital ; education ; experience effects ; borrowing constraints ; indivisible labour ; retirement ; overlapping generations ; demography ; Alternde Bevölkerung ; Humankapital ; Berufserfahrung ; Neue Wachstumstheorie ; Overlapping Generations ; Kleines-offenes-Land ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    De economist 143 (1995), S. 217-248 
    ISSN: 1572-9982
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Summary Keynesian demand management offsets some of the distortions caused by monopolistic competition and thus induces multiplier effects on national income and environmental damages. The cost of public funds rises with the virtual environmental tax and the degree of competition in the product market. The virtual environmental tax rises with abatement and falls with the cost of public funds. Consequently, greener preferences induce a rise in the virtual environmental tax, the cost of public funds and public abatement, and a fall in the provision of traditional public goods. A greater preference for traditional public goods harms environmental quality, since both abatement and output fall. Protecting cartels lowers the cost of public funds and may raise the provision of both traditional public goods and abatement. Environmental quality may thus rise, but other components of social welfare will fall. The paper also analyses the effects of private abatement, pollution taxes, fiscal consolidation and the progressivity of the tax system on government policy, employment, environmental quality and welfare.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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