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  • 1
    ISSN: 0304-3991
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0921-4534
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Dense and textured Bi-2212 bulk samples have been produced by the partial melting process. The appropriate amount of liquid phase necessary for complete densification has been adjusted by controlling the maximum processing temperature. The maximum temperature itself has to be adapted to several parameters as powder stoichiometry, silver addition and oxygen partial pressure. Prolonged annealing at 850 and 820 C and cooling in N2 atmosphere led to nearly single phase material with T(sub c) = 92 K. Critical current densities j(sub c) of 2'200 A/sq cm at 77 K/0 T have been achieved in samples of more than 1 mm thickness. Reducing the thickness below 0.4 mm enhances j(sub c) considerably to values is greater than 4'000 A/sq cm. The addition of 2 wt% Ag decreases the solidus temperature of the Bi-2212 powder by 21 C. Therefore, the maximum heat treatment temperature of Ag containing samples can be markedly lowered leading to a reduction of the amount of secondary phases. In addition, Ag enhances slightly the texture over the entire cross section and as a result j(sub c) at 77 K/0 T.
    Keywords: SOLID-STATE PHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Johnson Space Center, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference and Exhibition: World Congress on Superconductivity, Volume 1; p 382-39
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: To produce Bi-2212 thick films with high critical current densities tape casting and partial melting is a promising fabrication method. Bi-2212 powder and organic additives were mixed into a slurry and tape casted onto glass by the doctor blade tape casting process. The films were cut from the green tape and partially molten on Ag foils during heat treatment. We obtained almost single-phase and well-textured films over the whole thickness of 20 microns. The orientation of the (a,b)-plane of the grains was parallel to the substrate with a misalignment of less than 6 deg. At 77 K/0T a critical current density of 15, 000 A/sq cm was reached in films of the dimension 1 cm x 2 cm x 20 microns (1 micron V/cm criterion, resistively measured). At 4 K/0T the highest value was 350,000 A/sq cm (1 nV/cm criterion, magnetically measured).
    Keywords: ENGINEERING (GENERAL)
    Type: NASA. Johnson Space Center, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference and Exhibition: World Congress on Superconductivity, Volume 2; p 686-69
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The influence of the silver content and the oxygen partial pressure on the solidus temperature and the weight loss during melting of Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O(x) has been examined by means of DTA and TGA. By decreasing the oxygen partial pressure the solidus is lowered (e.g. del T = 59 C by decreasing pO2 from 1 atm to 0.001 atm) and the weight loss is increased. The addition of silver causes two effects: (1) the solidus is further decreased (e.g. 2 wt% Ag lower T (solidus) by up to 25 C, depending on the oxygen partial pressure); and (2) the weight loss during melting is reduced. Thick films (10-20 micron in thickness) with 0 and 5 wt% silver and bulk samples with) and 2.7 wt% silver were melt processed in flowing oxygen on a silver substrate in the DTA, allowing the observation of the melting process and a good temperature control. The critical current densities are vigorously dependent on the maximum processing temperature. The highest j(sub c) in thick films (8000 A/sq cm at 77 K, O T) was reached by melting 7 C above the solidus temperature. The silver addition shows no significant effect on the processing parameters or the superconducting properties. The highest j(sub c) for bulk samples (1 mm in thickness) was obtained by partial melting at 900 C or 880 C, depending on the silver content of the powder (0 or 2.7 wt%). The j(sub c) of the samples is slightly enhanced from 1800 A/sq cm (at 77 K, O T) to 2000 A/sq cm by the silver addition. To be able to reach at least 80% of the maximum critical current density, the temperature has to be controlled in a window of 5 C for thick films and 17 C for bulk samples.
    Keywords: SOLID-STATE PHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Johnson Space Center, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference and Exhibition: World Congress on Superconductivity, Volume 2; p 753-76
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0921-4534
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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