The influence of the silver content and the oxygen partial pressure on the solidus temperature and the weight loss during melting of Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O(x) has been examined by means of DTA and TGA. By decreasing the oxygen partial pressure the solidus is lowered (e.g. del T = 59 C by decreasing pO2 from 1 atm to 0.001 atm) and the weight loss is increased. The addition of silver causes two effects: (1) the solidus is further decreased (e.g. 2 wt% Ag lower T (solidus) by up to 25 C, depending on the oxygen partial pressure); and (2) the weight loss during melting is reduced. Thick films (10-20 micron in thickness) with 0 and 5 wt% silver and bulk samples with) and 2.7 wt% silver were melt processed in flowing oxygen on a silver substrate in the DTA, allowing the observation of the melting process and a good temperature control. The critical current densities are vigorously dependent on the maximum processing temperature. The highest j(sub c) in thick films (8000 A/sq cm at 77 K, O T) was reached by melting 7 C above the solidus temperature. The silver addition shows no significant effect on the processing parameters or the superconducting properties. The highest j(sub c) for bulk samples (1 mm in thickness) was obtained by partial melting at 900 C or 880 C, depending on the silver content of the powder (0 or 2.7 wt%). The j(sub c) of the samples is slightly enhanced from 1800 A/sq cm (at 77 K, O T) to 2000 A/sq cm by the silver addition. To be able to reach at least 80% of the maximum critical current density, the temperature has to be controlled in a window of 5 C for thick films and 17 C for bulk samples.
NASA. Johnson Space Center, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference and Exhibition: World Congress on Superconductivity, Volume 2; p 753-76