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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Protoplasts from cell suspension cultures of Vicia hajastana Grossh., soybean (Glycine max L.) and brome grass (Bromus inermis Leyss.) were tightly agglutinated by immune sera prepared against them in rabbits. After incubation, the aggregated protoplasts became adpressed over a considerable area of their surface. Antibody prepared against Vicia protoplasts agglutinated both Vicia and soybean protoplasts alone, as well as a mixture of the two. Soybean and bromegrass antibody likewise cross-reacted with and agglutinated Vicia protoplasts. The heterologous reactions were nearly as strong as, and in some cases stronger than, the homologous. When sheep anti-rabbit globulin was reacted with a mixture of the protoplasts previously coated with homologous antibody, agglutination occurred much more quickly and the aggregates could not be dispersed without physical damage. Carbol-fuchsin staining of nuclei showed that Vicia and soybean protoplasts were randomly mixed in the aggregate. The protoplasts were viable and underwent division after the antibody treatment. The immune serum, which presumably contained complement, lysed the protoplasts unless it was heat-treated prior to use.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The highly stable Ca2+ binding protein, parvalbumin, is prevalent in fish white muscle tissue. The properties of this protein make it a promising antigen for use as a specific biomarker for fish identification. Parvalbumin was purified from white muscle of an adult common snook Centropomus undecimalis using ammonium sulfate precipitation, size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) and anion-exchange HPLC. Parvalbumins were characterized by the presence of an 11-kDa band following gradient-SDS gel electrophoresis and by their immunoreactivity against mouse anti-parvalbumin antibodies. Anion-exchange chromatography of the parvalbumin fraction separated from the SEC column yielded nine fractions. Subsequent analysis of these fractions by isoelectric focusing gel electrophoresis led to a total of seven parvalbumin isotypes, which may lend themselves as biomarkers in fish identification. The presence of these seven parvalbumin isotypes was confirmed independently by reversed-phase HPLC. A dilution endpoint immunoassay was developed for C. undecimalis parvalbumin using a monoclonal antibody directed against its highly conserved calcium binding site. The utility of parvalbumin isotype distribution and specific monoclonal antibodies against fish parvalbumin in species identification is discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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