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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2019-07-18
    Description: The Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) is a deep imaging camera installed on the Hubble Space Telescope during the fourth HST servicing mission. ACS recently entered its second year of science operations and continues to perform beyond pre-launch expectations. We present science highlights from the ACS Science Team's GTO program. These highlights include the evolution of Z approx. 6 galaxies from deep imaging observations; deep imaging of strongly lensed clusters which have been used to determine cluster mass, and independently constraint the geometry of the Universe; and coronagraphic observations of debris disks.
    Keywords: Astronomy
    Type: American Astronomical Society Conference; May 01, 2003; Nashville, TN; United States
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: Chemiluminescent nightglow emission of the nitric oxide delta and gamma bands was measured from a sounding rocket launched on April 27, 1981, near local midnight. The integrated band emission rates for this near zenith observation above 205 km were less than 10 Rayleighs. The solar zenith angle was 127 deg. The branching ratio from the C2Pi state to the A2Sigma(+) state of NO was determined from comparison of the total emission rate of the delta band system to that of the gamma band system and found to be 0.30 + or - 0.06. The branching ratios within each of the band systems were found to be consistent with previous theoretical and experimental determinations. The vertical atomic nitrogen distribution, derived with the use of a model atmosphere, was found to have a peak density of 2.0 x 10 to the 7th atoms/cu cm at an altitude of 205 km. The analysis of these data indicate the presence of residual NO emission above 270 km at local midnight on the order of 1 Rayleigh of total band emission.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 91; 10141-10
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: The results of FOS spectroscopy of the continuum peak of NGC 1068 in the wavelength range 2200-7000 A are reported. Detailed analysis reveals the emission lines to be complex in shape and to consist of a number of different velocity components. Both the Balmer lines and the strong forbidden lines have a contribution from a component with full width at half-maximum on the order of 2200 km/s. However, the broad H-beta emission observed in polarized light is not detected. This implies that the continuum peak is not the mirror which reflects light from the hidden Seyfert I nucleus. It could possibly contribute some of the reflected light, but the equivalent width of the H-beta BLR line, if present at all, is much weaker than expected from the ground-based nuclear polarized-flux spectrum.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters (ISSN 0004-637X); 377; L9-L12
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: Spectroscopic measurements of the diffuse cosmic UV background in the 1700-2850-A range are presented. In agreement with previous results, the data have resulted in the detection at high Galactic latitude of an intensity of 300 + or - 100 photons/sq cm s sr A at 1800 A without correction for starlight or airglow, a similar intensity over the 1900-2500-A range after correction for measured airglow, and a similar intensity over the 2500-2800-A range after correction for zodiacal light. It is suggested that this radiation may originate partly in line radiation from a Galactic halo and partly from extragalactic sources, perhaps the integrated light of distant galaxies.
    Keywords: SPACE RADIATION
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 330; 435-444
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: A compact, stable, single-stage intensified photodiode array detector designed for photon-counting, far ultraviolet astronomy applications employs a saturable, 'C'-type MCP (Galileo S. MCP 25-25) to produce high gain pulses with a narrowly peaked pulse height distribution. The P-20 output phosphor exhibits a very short decay time, due to the high current density of the electron pulses. This intensifier is being coupled to a self-scanning linear photodiode array which has a fiber optic input window which allows direct, rigid mechanical coupling with minimal light loss. The array was scanned at a 250 KHz pixel rate. The detector exhibits more than adequate signal-to-noise ratio for pulse counting and event location. Previously announced in STAR as N82-19118
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: Instrumentation in astronomy IV; Fourth Conference; Mar 08, 1982 - Mar 10, 1982; Tucson, AZ
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: We report the discovery of a high-ionization broad absorption line system at a redshift of z(sub abs) = 0.695 in the spectrum of the z(sub em) = 1.052 radio-quiet quasar PG 2302+029. Broad absorption with FWHM from 3000 to 5000 km/s is detected from C iv, N v, and O vi in Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Faint Object Spectrograph spectra of the quasar. A narrow-line system (FWHM approx. 250 km/s) at z(sub abs) = 0.7016 is resolved from the broad blend and includes absorption by Ly alpha and the C iv, N v, and O vi doublets. No absorption by low-ionization metal species (e.g., Si II and Mg II) is detected in the HST or ground-based spectra for either the broad or the narrow system. The centroids of the broad system lines are displaced by approx. 56,000 km/s to the blue of the quasar's broad emission lines. The reddest extent of the broad-line absorption is more than 50,000 km/s from the quasar. The properties of this system are unprecedented, whether it is an intervening or an ejected system.
    Keywords: Astronomy
    Type: NASA-CR-204677 , NAS 1.26:204677 , The Astrophysical Journal; 470; L11-L14
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: We present the results of an investigation of the in-orbit performance of the Digicon detectors in the Faint Object Spectrograph (FOS), conducted as part of the commissioning phase of the Hubble Space Telescope. This paper includes orbital results on detector background noise, sensor image stability, and photometric stability along with several typical FOS observations. New techniques for suppressing cosmic ray induced background and geomagnetic induced image motion in electron tube detectors are also discussed.
    Keywords: Astronomy
    Type: NASA-CR-204023 , NAS 1.26:204023 , SPIE Proceedings Series; 1945; 287-300|Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments 2; Apr 13, 1993 - Apr 14, 1993; Orlando, FL; United States
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The improvements due to the Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (COSTAR) on imaging with the Faint Object Camera (FOC) on board the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) are presented. The encircled energy performance is dramatically improved, such that 85% of the total light in the Point Spread Function (PSF) is now enclosed within a circle of radius 0.1 sec at 486 nm wavelength, compared to 18% in the spherically aberrated PSF. This is equivalent to a sensitivity increase of 1.6 mag. The effective angular resolution is also improved from 66 to 43 mas at 486 nm. These improvements are slightly offset by a 20% lower total throughput at visible wavelengths. The plate scale is changed from 22.3 mas/pixel to 14.35 mas/pixel, resulting in a decrease in the field of view from 11 x 11/sq arcsec to 7.3 x 7.3/sq arcsec for the workhorse 512 x 512 format.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters (ISSN 0004-637X); 435; 1; p. L7-L10
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT) is a 90-cm f/2 prime focus telescope and spectrometer with a photon-counting microchannel plate detector designed to obtain moderate resolution (wavelength interval, approximately 4 A) spectrophotometry of faint (visual magnitude, less than approximately 17) objects in the far-ultraviolet spectral region (approximately 900-1700 A). The HUT will be mounted on the Spacelab Instrument Pointing System and will be operated by a Payload Specialist using a field acquisition TV system to assist in locating targets. The initial flight of the HUT, expected in 1984 or 1985, will be devoted primarily to the study of quasars and active galactic nuclei, emphasizing the 900-1200 A spectral region which is inaccessible with other existing or currently planned orbiting instruments.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Seminar on Shuttle pointing of electro-optical experiments; Feb 10, 1981 - Feb 13, 1981; Los Angeles, CA
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: A compact, stable, single-stage intensified photodiode array detector designed for photon-counting, far ultraviolet astronomy applications employs a saturable, 'C'-type MCP (Galileo S. MCP 25-25) to produce high gain pulses with a narrowly peaked pulse height distribution. The P-20 output phosphor exhibits a very short decay time, due to the high current density of the electron pulses. This intensifier is being coupled to a self-scanning linear photodiode array which has a fiber optic input window which allows direct, rigid mechanical coupling with minimal light loss. The array was scanned at a 250 KHz pixel rate. The detector exhibits more than adequate signal-to-noise ratio for pulse counting and event location.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: NASA-CR-168551
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