Life and Medical Sciences
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
We have isolated Schizosaccharomyces pombe cDNAs corresponding to the genes his1+ and his5+. The his1 cDNA was isolated by functional complementation of the His- phenotype in a his1-29 gcn3 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, while the his5 cDNA was isolated as a suppressor of the 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (3-AT) sensitivity in a gcn3 S. cerevisiae strain. his1 and his5 are each present in single copy in haploid S. pombe. As is the case with S. cerevisiae, we have found that the growth of wild-type strains of S. pombe is sensitive to 3-AT, an inhibitor of imidazoleglycerol-phosphate dehydratase. This enzyme is encoded by the HIS3 gene in S. cerevisiae and the his5+ gene in S. pombe. Treatment of S. pombe cells with 3-AT leads to a small increase in the level of the his5 transcript, but no effect is seen on the level of the his1 transcript. This is in contrast to larger increases in transcription of amino acid biosynthetic genes, regulated by the general amino acid control, seen previously in similarly treated cultures of S. cerevisiae. These results suggest that there are likely to be some differences in the regulation of amino acid biosynthesis between these two yeasts.Sequences reported here have been deposited with GenBank as U07830 (his1) and U07831 (his5).
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