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  • 1
    ISSN: 1435-1536
    Keywords: PET/PE ; Specular Reflection ; Optical Properties ; Structure
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Films made by coextrusion of polyethyleneterephtalate and low density polyethylene exhibit specular reflection of light when stretched. Unlike the behaviour of films made of pure PET, where specular reflection is rare and does occur at extremely high stretching rates only, PET/LDPE films show specular reflection independent of the stretching rate. A film, containing 70% PET and 30% LDPE, prepared by coextrusion of the two components, has been investigated by scanning electron microscopy, light microscopy and by measuring the optical properties with a spectrophotometer. The (unstretched) „as prepared“ sample has been compared with a sample stretched to λ=4. The optical measurements show as a result of the stretching a strong decrease of the transmittance and an increase of the remittance. While there is no drastic change of the dispersion (which is only slight), the increase of the refractive index indicates some straininduced crystallization. The scanning electron micrographs show long, needlelike voids and indicate a fractionation of the two components as a result of the stretching. This fractionation has been investigated by heating the samples up under the light microscope: while the stretched sample shows a separation of the components, the unstretched sample does not.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1435-1536
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1435-1536
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Macromolecules 9 (1976), S. 253-257 
    ISSN: 1520-5835
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1434-4475
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Es werden die mittleren Dimensionen der Teilchen dreier Kieselsäuresole mit derRKWS und demE. M. bestimmt. Entgegen der Angabe anderer Autoren ergibt sich dabei bei Berücksichtigung der Teilchengrößenverteilung nahezu völlige Übereinstimmung beider Methoden.RKWS undE. M. ergeben angenähert auch die gleiche mittlere Schwankung σ m der Teilchendurchmesser. Die mit derRKWS bestimmte spezifische Oberfläche ist stets größer als die aus der N2-Adsorption bestimmte, und zwar nimmt der relative Unterschied mit dem mittleren Teilchendurchmesser zu. Die mit derRKWS bestimmte innere Hydratation liegt bei 0,15–0,26 g H2O/g SiO2.
    Notes: Abstract X-ray small angle scattering and electron microscopy are used to determine average dimensions of particles in three silica sols. In contradiction to findings of other authors, a nearly complete agreement of both methods is found if the particle size distribution is taken into account. Identical average variations σ m of the particle diameters are obtained for both methods. The inner surface determined by means of the X-ray small angle scattering is in all cases larger than that obtained from N2-adsorption, the difference increasing with average particle diameter. The inner hydration determined by means of the X-ray small angle scattering lies at 0.15–0.26 g H2O/g SiO2.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: The programmatic aspects of the space processing applications program and the methods of accommodating SPA payloads aboard the Shuttle/Spacelab host vehicle are discussed. An examination of the NASA traffic model shows that there exists a potential for 178 SPA payloads from the overall total of 727 flights specified. This could represent up to one quarter of the total shuttle flights during the 12-year-long period covered by the traffic model. The SPA payload will range from austere for shared flight opportunities to dedicated where space processing will encompass the total flight payload allocations. The major modes of use to SPA will include dedicated Spacelab missions, shared Spacelab missions and shared automated payloads attached to the pallet with the necessary control and display equipment in the host vehicle. Several layout drawings and artist's renderings have been completed to illustrate the various potential configurations available to accommodate the SPA payload equipment.
    Keywords: SPACE VEHICLES
    Type: NASA-CR-120347 , TRW-22886-6035-RU-00-VOL-3
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: A study was conducted to derive and collect payload information on the anticipated space processing payload requirements for the Spacelab and space shuttle orbiter planning activities. The six objectives generated by the study are defined. Concepts and requirements for space processing payloads to accommodate the performance of the shuttle-supported research phase are analyzed. Diagrams and tables of data are developed to show the experiments involved, the power requirements, and the payloads for shared missions.
    Keywords: SPACE VEHICLES
    Type: NASA-CR-120341 , TRW-22886-6033-RU-00-VOL-1
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: Discussed are the definitions of facilities which will serve the research needs of a large group of users. These facilities (payloads) are derived by several combinations of items from a large inventory of modular, reusable, research equipment which enables ready response to many flight opportunities. Workable concepts have been prepared and submitted to the Spacelab design activity. These designs permit the flying of either partial or dedicated payloads. The technical integrity of the modular approach to payload design/integration and the utility of commercial-equipment technology are also addressed in this paper.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: Proc. of the 3d Space Processing Symp. on Skylab Results, Vol. 2; p 525-564
    Format: text
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  • 10
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: Boundary layer friction data under ion pumped vacuum was taken for sixteen material couples. The test series was an extension of a previous study of the effects of modified ion pumped environments. Sliding distances imposed in the present effort greatly exceeded any studied in the previous contiguous, flight or ground tests. Wear out of specific couples, in particular, thin film lubricants was noted. The behavior of the test hardware including wear out of the mechanisms was noted. As a result, the impact of test interruption was observed for several test couples. Recovery of the friction upon re-establishing sliding in vacuum was generally rapid. The results of the extended sliding study reinforce the previous conclusion that sliding distance (mechanical history) is the primary factor in establishing the force limiting boundary layer friction. General friction value under the extended sliding confirm those observed in previous orbital and the related ground test studies.
    Keywords: MACHINE ELEMENTS AND PROCESSES
    Type: NASA-CR-135480 , TRW-20256-6001-R0-00
    Format: application/pdf
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