Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract Films made by coextrusion of polyethyleneterephtalate and low density polyethylene exhibit specular reflection of light when stretched. Unlike the behaviour of films made of pure PET, where specular reflection is rare and does occur at extremely high stretching rates only, PET/LDPE films show specular reflection independent of the stretching rate. A film, containing 70% PET and 30% LDPE, prepared by coextrusion of the two components, has been investigated by scanning electron microscopy, light microscopy and by measuring the optical properties with a spectrophotometer. The (unstretched) „as prepared“ sample has been compared with a sample stretched to λ=4. The optical measurements show as a result of the stretching a strong decrease of the transmittance and an increase of the remittance. While there is no drastic change of the dispersion (which is only slight), the increase of the refractive index indicates some straininduced crystallization. The scanning electron micrographs show long, needlelike voids and indicate a fractionation of the two components as a result of the stretching. This fractionation has been investigated by heating the samples up under the light microscope: while the stretched sample shows a separation of the components, the unstretched sample does not.
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