During the cleaning of the HPC core surfaces from Hole 480 for photography, the material removed was conserved carefully in approximately 10 cm intervals (by K. Kelts); this material was made available to us in the hope that it would be possible to obtain oxygen isotope stratigraphy for the site. The samples were, of course, somewhat variable in size, but the majority were probably between 5 and 10 cm**3. Had this been a normal marine environment, such sample sizes would have contained abundant planktonic foraminifers together with a small number of benthics. However, this is clearly not the case, for many samples contained no foraminifers, whereas others contained more benthics than planktonics.
Among the planktonic foraminifers the commonest species are Globigerina bulloides, Neogloboquadrina dutertrei, and N. pachyderma. A few samples contain a more normal fauna with Globigerinoides spp. and occasional Globorotalia spp. Sample 480-3-3, 20-30 cm contained Globigerina rubescens, isolated specimens of which were noted in a few other samples in Cores 3,4, and 5. This is a particularly solution-sensitive species; in the open Pacific it is only found widely distributed at horizons of exceptionally low carbonate dissolution, such as. the last glacial-to-interglacial transition.
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