Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Summary Samples of poly(acry1ic acid) (PAA) neutralized to varying degrees with sodium hydroxide were subjected to γ-irradiation to yield insoluble crosslinked polyacrylate hydrogels. The efficiency of crosslinking was found to be dependent on the degree of neutralization of the sample and the concentration of the irradiated polymer solution. The extent of water uptake of the gel was shown to be related to the degree of neutralization by titration of acid groups within the gel subsequent to cross-linking. Lightly crosslinked gels exhibited a maximum degree of swelling at a particular neutralization level. This was ascribed to a maximum in the long-range forces exerted cooperatively by the polymeric charges. The presence of simple electrolyte ions reduces swelling by screening these forces.
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