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  • 1
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    In:  Geophys. J. Int., Tokyo Univ., Geophys. Inst., Fac. of Science, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 489-506, pp. B12302, (ISSN 0343-5164)
    Publication Date: 1991
    Keywords: Seismology ; Seismics (controlled source seismology) ; Layers ; GJI
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  • 2
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    Soc. Exp. Geophys.
    In:  60th Annual Meeting of SEG, San Francisco, Soc. Exp. Geophys., vol. 10, no. GL-TR-89-0259, pp. 1199-1202, (ISBN 0 08 042822 3)
    Publication Date: 1990
    Keywords: Inversion ; Seismics (controlled source seismology) ; Seismology
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2015-10-10
    Description: FePd (001) films, prepared by an electron beam deposition system on MgO(100), exhibit a perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (1.7 × 10 7  erg/cc) with a high order parameter (0.92). The relation between stacking faults induced by the strain relaxation, which act as strong domain wall pinning sites, and the perpendicular coercivity of (001) oriented L 1 0 FePd films prepared at different temperatures have been investigated. Perpendicular coercivity can be apparently enhanced by raising the stacking fault densities, which can be elevated by climbing dissociation of total dislocation. The increased stacking fault densities (1.22 nm −2 ) with large perpendicular coercivity (6000 Oe) are obtained for samples prepared at 650 °C. This present work shows through controlling stacking fault density in FePd film, the coercivity can be manipulated, which can be applied in future magnetic devices.
    Print ISSN: 0003-6951
    Electronic ISSN: 1077-3118
    Topics: Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2015-03-07
    Description: Structure, ferroelectric, and magnetic properties of BiFeO 3 (110) films grown on 20-nm-thick ferromagnetic CoPt(111) buffered glass substrate at 350–550 °C have been studied. (110)-texture of BFO films is developed at the reduced temperature as low as 400–550 °C, but isotropic orientation is found at higher temperature of 600 °C. Low temperature deposition results in dense microstructure, fine grains, and smooth surface morphology, which are favorable for applications. BFO(110) films on CoPt(111) underlayer exhibit desired ferroelectric and magnetic properties. Electrical polarization (2P r ) of 96–137  μ C/cm 2 and coercive field (E c ) of 495–618 kV/cm for studied BFO (110) films are comparable to those grown on single crystal substrates. Moreover, exchange bias between BFO and CoPt is observed after a field cooling from 370 °C to room temperature (RT) at 2 kOe. Large exchange bias field of 155 Oe at RT and coercivity of 1631 Oe are obtained. The presented results provide useful information for the applications based on electric-magnetic interactions.
    Print ISSN: 0021-8979
    Electronic ISSN: 1089-7550
    Topics: Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 1997-06-20
    Description: The avian sarcoma virus 16 (ASV 16) is a retrovirus that induces hemangiosarcomas in chickens. Analysis of the ASV 16 genome revealed that it encodes an oncogene that is derived from the cellular gene for the catalytic subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase). The gene is referred to as v-p3k, and like its cellular counterpart c-p3k, it is a potent transforming gene in cultured chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEFs). The products of the viral and cellular p3k genes have PI 3-kinase activity. CEFs transformed with either gene showed elevated levels of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate and activation of Akt kinase.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Chang, H W -- Aoki, M -- Fruman, D -- Auger, K R -- Bellacosa, A -- Tsichlis, P N -- Cantley, L C -- Roberts, T M -- Vogt, P K -- CA 42564/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- GM 41890/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM041890/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1997 Jun 20;276(5320):1848-50.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9188528" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Avian Sarcoma Viruses/*genetics/physiology ; *Cell Transformation, Neoplastic ; *Cell Transformation, Viral ; Cells, Cultured ; Chick Embryo ; Chickens ; Cloning, Molecular ; Enzyme Activation ; Genes, Viral ; Hemangiosarcoma/genetics/virology ; Molecular Sequence Data ; *Oncogenes ; Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases ; Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates/metabolism ; Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/*genetics/metabolism ; Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/pharmacology ; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt ; Signal Transduction ; Transfection
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2005-04-23
    Description: The species complexity of microbial communities and challenges in culturing representative isolates make it difficult to obtain assembled genomes. Here we characterize and compare the metabolic capabilities of terrestrial and marine microbial communities using largely unassembled sequence data obtained by shotgun sequencing DNA isolated from the various environments. Quantitative gene content analysis reveals habitat-specific fingerprints that reflect known characteristics of the sampled environments. The identification of environment-specific genes through a gene-centric comparative analysis presents new opportunities for interpreting and diagnosing environments.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Tringe, Susannah Green -- von Mering, Christian -- Kobayashi, Arthur -- Salamov, Asaf A -- Chen, Kevin -- Chang, Hwai W -- Podar, Mircea -- Short, Jay M -- Mathur, Eric J -- Detter, John C -- Bork, Peer -- Hugenholtz, Philip -- Rubin, Edward M -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2005 Apr 22;308(5721):554-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15845853" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Archaea/classification/genetics/metabolism ; Bacteria/classification/*genetics/metabolism ; Bacterial Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Biodiversity ; Biofilms ; Bone and Bones/microbiology ; Computational Biology ; *Ecosystem ; Energy Metabolism ; Eukaryotic Cells/metabolism ; Gene Library ; Genes ; Genes, Bacterial ; *Genome ; Genome, Bacterial ; *Genomics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Operon ; Phylogeny ; Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Proteome ; Seawater/*microbiology ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; *Soil Microbiology ; Whales/*microbiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-06-17
    Description: Many globular and natively disordered proteins can convert into amyloid fibrils. These fibrils are associated with numerous pathologies as well as with normal cellular functions, and frequently form during protein denaturation. Inhibitors of pathological amyloid fibril formation could be useful in the development of therapeutics, provided that the inhibitors were specific enough to avoid interfering with normal processes. Here we show that computer-aided, structure-based design can yield highly specific peptide inhibitors of amyloid formation. Using known atomic structures of segments of amyloid fibrils as templates, we have designed and characterized an all-D-amino-acid inhibitor of the fibril formation of the tau protein associated with Alzheimer's disease, and a non-natural L-amino-acid inhibitor of an amyloid fibril that enhances sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. Our results indicate that peptides from structure-based designs can disrupt the fibril formation of full-length proteins, including those, such as tau protein, that lack fully ordered native structures. Because the inhibiting peptides have been designed on structures of dual-beta-sheet 'steric zippers', the successful inhibition of amyloid fibril formation strengthens the hypothesis that amyloid spines contain steric zippers.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4073670/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4073670/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Sievers, Stuart A -- Karanicolas, John -- Chang, Howard W -- Zhao, Anni -- Jiang, Lin -- Zirafi, Onofrio -- Stevens, Jason T -- Munch, Jan -- Baker, David -- Eisenberg, David -- P50 AG016570/AG/NIA NIH HHS/ -- R01 AG029430/AG/NIA NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Jun 15;475(7354):96-100. doi: 10.1038/nature10154.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biological Chemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, UCLA, Box 951970, Los Angeles, California 90095-1570, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21677644" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Amino Acids/*chemistry/*pharmacology ; Amyloid/*antagonists & inhibitors/*chemistry/metabolism ; Amyloid beta-Peptides/antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/metabolism ; Computer-Aided Design ; *Drug Design ; HIV Infections/virology ; Hydrogen Bonding ; Kinetics ; Models, Molecular ; Peptides/*chemistry/*pharmacology ; Polylysine/pharmacology ; Protein Conformation ; tau Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2014-11-13
    Description: Hard magnetic property enhancement of melt spun Co 88 Hf 12 ribbons by boron doping is demonstrated. B-doping could not only remarkably enhance the magnetic properties from energy product ((BH) max ) of 2.6 MGOe and intrinsic coercivity ( i H c ) of 1.5 kOe for B-free Co 88 Hf 12 ribbons to (BH) max  = 7.7 MGOe and i H c  = 3.1 kOe for Co 85 Hf 12 B 3 ribbons but also improve the Curie temperature (T C ) of 7:1 phase. The (BH) max value achieved in Co 85 Hf 12 B 3 ribbons is the highest in Co-Hf alloy ribbons ever reported, which is about 15% higher than that of Co 11 Hf 2 B ribbons spun at 16 m/s [M. A. McGuire, O. Rios, N. J. Ghimire, and M. Koehler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 , 202401 (2012)]. The structural analysis confirms that B enters the orthorhombic Co 7 Hf (7:1) crystal structure as interstitial atoms, forming Co 7 HfB x , in the as-spun state. Yet B may diffuse out from the 7:1 phase after post-annealing, leading to the reduction of Curie temperature and the magnetic properties. The uniformly refined microstructure with B-doping results in high remanence (B r ) and improves the squareness of demagnetization curve. The formation of interstitial-atom-modified Co 7 HfB x phase and the microstructure refinement are the main reasons to give rise to the enhancement of hard magnetic properties in the B-containing Co 7 Hf-based ribbons.
    Print ISSN: 0003-6951
    Electronic ISSN: 1077-3118
    Topics: Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Pavlovian olfactory learning in Drosophila produces two genetically distinct forms of intermediate-term memories: anesthesia-sensitive memory, which requires the amnesiac gene, and anesthesia-resistant memory (ARM), which requires the radish gene. Here, we report that ARM is specifically enhanced or inhibited in flies with elevated or reduced serotonin (5HT) levels, respectively. The requirement for 5HT was additive with the memory defect of the amnesiac mutation but was occluded by the radish mutation. This result suggests that 5HT and Radish protein act on the same pathway for ARM formation. Three supporting lines of evidence indicate that ARM formation requires 5HT released from only two dorsal paired medial (DPM) neurons onto the mushroom bodies (MBs), the olfactory learning and memory center in Drosophila: (i) DPM neurons were 5HT-antibody immunopositive; (ii) temporal inhibition of 5HT synthesis or release from DPM neurons, but not from other serotonergic neurons, impaired ARM formation; (iii) knocking down the expression of d5HT1A serotonin receptors in α/β MB neurons, which are innervated by DPM neurons, inhibited ARM formation. Thus, in addition to the Amnesiac peptide required for anesthesia-sensitive memory formation, the two DPM neurons also release 5HT acting on MB neurons for ARM formation.
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2011-05-04
    Description: The independent evolutionary origin of a complex trait, within a lineage otherwise lacking it, provides a powerful opportunity to test hypotheses on selective forces. Territorial defense of an area containing resources (such as food or shelter) is widespread in lizards but not snakes. Our studies on an insular population of Taiwanese kukrisnakes (Oligodon formosanus) show that females of this species actively defend sea turtle nests by repelling conspecifics for long periods (weeks) until the turtle eggs hatch or are consumed. A clutch of turtle eggs comprises a large, long-lasting food resource, unlike the prey types exploited by other types of snakes. Snakes of this species have formidable weaponry (massively enlarged teeth that are used for slitting eggshells), and when threatened, these snakes wave their tails toward the aggressor (an apparent case of head-tail mimicry). Bites to the tail during intraspecific combat bouts thus can have high fitness costs for males (because the hemipenes are housed in the tail). In combination, unusual features of the species (ability to inflict severe damage to male conspecifics) and the local environment (a persistent prey resource, large relative to the snakes consuming it) render resource defense both feasible and advantageous for female kukrisnakes. The (apparently unique) evolution of territorial behavior in this snake species thus provides strong support for the hypothesis that resource defensibility is critical to the evolution of territoriality.
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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