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  • 1
    ISSN: 1572-946X
    Keywords: Gamma-ray bursts ; Counterparts ; Instrumentation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The BATSE and OSSE instrument teams have modified flight software to promptly (within 2 min of trigger) slew the OSSE detectors to burst locations determined on-board by BATSE. This enables OSSE to make sensitive searches for prompt and delayed post-burst line and continuum emission above 50 keV. In the best cases our sensitivity will be more than an order of magnitude better than any other search in this energy range. We expect to slew to 1–2 bursts per month, based on the OSSE FOV and BATSE event rate. Detections or limits from continued operation of this system may provide significant constraints on burst models. As an example of the observations made using this system, we present preliminary limits for post-burst emission from GRB 950223 on several time scales.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-946X
    Keywords: Gamma-ray bursts ; Counterparts
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The existence of either pre- or post-burst emission can provide substantial new information about the burst source and its local environment. We have data from serveral events serendipitously in or near the OSSE field of view at the time of the burst. We present pre- and post-burst flux limits from one such event, GRB 940301. The OSSE data for other periods when scheduled observations have included burst locations will enable us to search for pre- and post- burst emission on many time scales.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Preliminary results are presented of the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSE) observations of the Crab pulsar. The pulsar energy spectra and light curves are in general agreement with previous observations, validating the OSSE pulsar data acquisition modes and data analysis algorithms. The data suggest that the spectrum of the pulsar varies throughout the light curve. The 'interpulse' region has a slightly flatter spectrum in the approx. 60 to 250 keV region and a slightly steeper spectrum at higher energies than the two main pulses. No evidence was found for any lines in the spectra with a typical sensitivity of about 10(exp -4) photons/sq cm/s.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, The Compton Observatory Science Workshop; p 253-259
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSE) on the Arthur Holly Compton Gamma Ray Observatory is described. An overview of the operation and control of the instrument is given, together with a discussion of typical observing strategies used with OSSE and basic data types produced by the instrument. Some performance measures for the instrument are presented that were obtained from pre-launch and in-flight data. These include observing statistics, continuum and line sensitivity, and detector effective area and gain stability.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, The Compton Observatory Science Workshop; p 3-14
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: We present data on the galactic X-ray source 1E 1740.7-2942 from the Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSE) on board NASA's Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO). Episodes of increased low-energy gamma radiation have been reported from this source, including 1-day events in 1990 October and 1992 September. These events, of intensity 7 x 10(exp -3) and 4 x 10(exp -3) photons/sq cm/s, respectively, have been interpreted as broadened and redshifted positron annihilation radiation. OSSE conducted observations of the Galactic Center region during a 21-day interval from 1992 September 17 thru 1992 October 8. This includes the time of increased 200-450 keV emission from 1E 1740.7-2942 reported by SIGMA. The OSSE observations do not confirm this event. For the specific outburst recorded by SIGMA, 1992 Sep. 19.42-20.58 (UT), OSSE data provide an upper limit (3 sigma) of 2.4 x 10(exp -3) photons/sq cm/s.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics (ISSN 0004-6361); 295; 2; p. L23-L26
    Format: text
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: The observation of seven transient black hole candidates by the oriented scintillation spectrometer experiment (OSSE) is reviewed: GRO J0422+32; GX 339-4; GRS 1716-249; GRS 1009-45; 4U 1543-47; GRO J1655-40, and GRS 1915+105. Two gamma ray spectral classes are apparent. The former three objects show Comptonized spectra with exponential cutoff at approximately 100 keV, while the latter four have fairly soft power law spectra. The Comptonized spectra appear to be associated with the X-ray low state, while the power law spectra appear to be associated with the X-ray high state.
    Keywords: Space Radiation
    Type: Proceedings of 2nd INTEGRAL Workshop 'The Transparent Universe'; 197-200; ESA-SP-382
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-08-27
    Description: The Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSE) on the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) observed the Galactic black hole candidate GX 339-4 as a target of oppurtunity in 1991 September, in response to the outburst reported by Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE). We report here on energy spectra in the 50 keV-10 MeV range obtained by OSSE. The source was detected from 50 to 400 keV at a level relative to the Crab Nebula of approximately 30%. The observed spectrum was prescribed reasonably well by a power law with an exponential cutoff; a least-squares fit yielded a photon index of 0.88 +/- 0.05 and a cutoff energy of 68 +/- 2 keV. The addition of a Compton reflection component did not significantly improve the overall fit. An optically thin thermal bremsstrahlung spectrum also provides a good fit, and the thermal Comptonization model of Sunyaev & Titarchuk, while deficient in describing the data above approximately 200 keV, cannot formally be ruled out. A pure power law with reflection does not fit the observed spectrum. During a follow-up observation made in 1991 November the intensity of the source below 100 keV had dropped by more than a factor of 40, and it was no longer detected above approximately 100 keV. The energy spectrum during the November observation could be characterized by a power law with a photon index of 2.3 +/- 0.3; the spectrum was fitted equally well with the same exponentially cutoff power-law model applied to the September observation, reduced in intensity by a factor of approximately 40. During the 1991 September observation, the luminosity in the 50-400 keV band was approximately 2 x 10(exp 37) ergs/s (assuming a distance of 4 kpc), no more than a factor of 5 below the soft X-ray luminosity of GX 339-4 observed in its X-ray high state. The luminosity during the 1991 November observation was approximately 5 x 10(exp 35) ergs/s. Extrapolations of both the exponentially cutoff power-law and Sunyaev-Titarchuk models to the approximately 5-20 keV X-ray band yield flux levels very close to that observed by Ginga during an overlapping interval in 1991 September, when GX 339-4 was reported to be in its low state. This may be one of the strongest indications to date of a direct correspondence between the low X-ray state and gamma-ray outbursts of GX 339-4.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 441; 2; p. 800-805
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-08-28
    Description: Pulsar mode data from the Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSE) onboard the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO), with time resolution between 125 microsecs and 8 ms, have been analyzed for the presence of short-period gamma-ray pulsations. Observations of known point sources (including SN 1987A, SN 1993J, GRO J0422+32, and several pulsars) and of regions where higher densities of pulsars are expected (including the Galactic center, the Galactic plane and arms, and the Large Magellanic Cloud) are included in the study. Both isolated pulsars and pulsars in close binary systems are searched for; in the latter case, the quadratic coherence recovery technique is used to correct for broadening of the pulsar signal from orbital motion. No new gamma-ray pulsars have been detected. Upper limits on the pulsed gamma-ray flux from isolated pulsars in the 50-210 keV energy range of OSSE are between 0.2 x 10(exp -3) and 2.0 x 10(exp -3) photons/s/sq cm for pulse periods between 250 microsecs and 0.5 s. Upper limits on the pulsed flux from binary pulsars are between 1.5 x 10(exp -3) and 6.4 x 10(exp -3) photons/s/sq cm for the same energy band and pulse period range. We estimate that, in the Galaxy, there are fewer than approximately 125 isolated pulsars similar to PSR B1509-58 with radiation peaks in the OSSE band but undetected in the radio and X-rays bands.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: The Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 445; 1; p. 351-358
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-08-28
    Description: We present results of the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSE) observations of the Crab pulsar, made during MJD 48373-48406 (1991 April 27 - 1991 May 30) and MJD 48798-48804 (1992 June 25 - 1992 July 1). Pulsar light curves and spectra over the approximately 0.05 to 10 MeV range are presented. The arrival time of the gamma-ray peak and the radio peak agree to within 30 microsec which is better than the approximately 300 microsec accuracy of the measurements. The overall pulse phase averaged spectrum in the 0.1 - 10 MeV range is well-fit by a power law of the form 0.05 x (E/0.13 MeV)exp(-(1.99 +/- 0.03)) photons/sq cm/s. The outer-gap model (with gap parameter equal to 0.46) provided to us by Ho agrees with the data to better than 20%. The spectra of the bridge and second peak are slightly harder than the first peak as measured by the hardness ratio (approximately 110 - 220 keV)/(approximately 50 - 105 keV): P1 = 0.54 +/- 0.01, P2 = 0.63 +/- 0.01, bridge = 0.68 +/- 0.03. The phase of the two peaks in the light curve is constant over the 50 - 550 keV range to within the accuracy of the measurements (better than 0.02 in phase). No evidence was found for variability of the light curve on timescales from 2 minutes (less than a factor of 1.8) to 1 year (less than a factor of 1.06), where these are 3 sigma upper limits. However, when we examine the historical database, we find, in agreement with Nolan et al. (1993), that there is evidence for a 13 year variation in the ratio of the intensity of peak 2 to peak 1. We show that if this is interpreted as being due to precession (which changes the relative view of the intrinsic gamma-ray pulse as seen on earth), the variation is consistent with models of neutron star structure. The optical data may be in conflict with the interpretation however. We found no statistically significant lines in the 50 - 550 keV range in the spectrum. The average 3 sigma upper limits in 10(exp -3) photons/sq cm/s for lines at 0.073, 0.078, 0.4, 0.44, 0.511, and 0.545 MeV are 0.3, 0.5, 0.6, 0.5, and 0.1.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 432; 1; p. 228-238
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