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  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: X-Ray Studies on Titanium(III) Fluoro Compounds with Pyrochlore-related StructuresThe cubic compounds (a/pm) CsMIITiIIIF6, MII = Mg (1041.6), Ni (1043.9), Zn (1049.8), Co (1051.7), V (1052.6), Fe (1055.3), Mn (1064.9) and CsM0,5ITi1,5IIIF6, MI = K (1074.6), Rb (1080.6) were prepared. They crystallize in the modified pyrochlore structure of the RbNiCrF6 type, which is confirmed once more at single crystals of an oxide fluoride phase CsTi2X6 (X6 between O2F4 and O3F3): Space group Fd3m, a = 1028.8 pm, R = 2.6% (126 independent reflections). Further compounds CsM0,5ITi1,5IIIF6 according to their powder diagrams are orthorhombic (MI = NH4: a = 764.1, b = 767.5, c = 1087.5 pm) or monoclinic (Na: a = 737.0, b = 758.0, c = 1061.8 pm, β = 91.1°, Li: a = 1466, b = 1479, c = 1041 pm, β = 93.3°) with related, but not exactly know structures.
    Notes: Die kubischen verbindungen (a/pm) CsMIITiIIIF6, MII = Mg(1041,6), Ni(1043,9), Zn(1049,8), Co(1051,7), V(1052,6), Fe(1055,3), Mn(1064,9) und CsM0,5ITi1,5IIIF6, MI = K(1074,6), Rb(1080,6) wurden dargestellt. Sie kristallisieren in der modifizierten Pyrochlorstruktur des RbNiCrF6-Types, der an Einkristallen einer Oxidfluoridphase CsTi2X6 (X6 zwischen O2F4 und O3F3) erneut bestätigt wird: Raumgruppe Fd3m, a = 1028,8 pm, R = 2,6% (126 symmetrieunabhängige Reflexe). Weitere Verbindungen CsM0,5ITi1,5IIIF6 sind nach Pulveraufnahmen orthorhombisch (MI = NH4: a = 764,1, b = 767,5, c = 1087,5 pm) bzw. monoklin (Na: a = 737,0, b = 758,0, c = 1061,8 pm, β = 91,1°, Li: a = 1466, b = 1479, c = 1041 pm,β = 93,3°), mit verwandten, aber nicht genauer bekannten Strukturen.
    Additional Material: 5 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 1997-05-01
    Description: The photocatalytic activity of a novel anatase titanium dioxide powder, namely Sachtleben Hombikat UV 100, has been investigated and compared with that of a well-studied material (i.e., Degussa P25). Laboratory experiments using dichloroacetate (DCA) as the model pollutant have been carried out showing a very high photonic efficiency (ζ) reaching almost unity at low-light intensities. The effect of pH, substrate concentration, catalyst concentration, and addition of various inorganic salts has been thoroughly investigated. The inhibiting effect of anions such as chloride, nitrate, sulphate, and phosphate was completely reversible upon washing the catalyst powder with pure water or diluted base, respectively. The overall photonic efficiency of the DCA degradation was found to decrease with increasing illumination intensity. Various kinetic and mechanistic models are proposed to explain this effect as well as the results of the other experiments. Implications of these laboratory results for “real world” applications, e.g., for the design of appropriate photoreactors, are discussed.
    Print ISSN: 0199-6231
    Electronic ISSN: 1528-8986
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
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