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  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Transmetalation ; Calcium, Stannylene ; Tin ; Amide ; NMR Spectroscopy, X-Ray Structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Synthesis of Substituted Calcium-bis(disilylamides) by Transmetalation of Tin(II) and Tin(IV) AmidesStannylenes as well as stannanes with substituted disilylamino groups are valuable synthons for the synthesis of alkaline earth metal bis(disilylamides) via the transmetallation reaction. Whereas bis[2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-2,5-disilaaza-cyclo-pentyl]stannylene 1 is a suitable reagent for this type of reaction, bis[trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamino]stannylene 2 (monoclinic, P21/c, a = 1492.6(2), b = 1705.2(2), c = 1865.3(3) pm, β = 109.03(2)º, Z = 4) is not only attacked at the Sn—N-bond but also the N—Si-bond is cleaved by calcium metal. Similar light sensitivity as for 2 is observed for the mercury bis[trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamide] 3, the homolytic M—N-bond cleavage leads to the formation of the trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamino radical (g = 2.00485; a(N) = 16.2 G). The calcium tin exchange reaction of 1 in THF yields tris(tetrahydrofuran-O)calcium-bis[2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-2,5-disilaaza-cyclo-pentanide] 4 (monoclinic, P21/n, a = 1060.9(2), b = 1919.3(5), c = 1686.0(3) pm, β = 90.30(2)º, Z = 4). The stannanes Men-4Sn[N(SiMe3)2]n with n = 1 or 2 are also valuable materials for the synthesis of bis(tetrahydrofuran-O)calcium-bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amide].
    Notes: Stannylene und Stannane mit substituierten Disilylamino-Substituenten eignen sich als Edukte für die Transmetallierungsreaktion zur Synthese von Calcium-bis(disilylamiden). Anwendung fanden Bis[2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-2,5-disilaaza-cyclo-pentyl]stannylen 1 und Bis[trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamino]stannylen 2 (monoklin, P21/c, a = 1492,6(2), b = 1705,2(2), c = 1865,3(3) pm, β = 109,03(2)º, Z = 4). Bei der Verwendung von 2 greift das destillierte Calcium allerdings nicht nur die Sn - N-, sondern auch die N—Si-Bindung an. Ähnlich wie bei dem Quecksilber-bis[trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamid] 3 beobachtet man bereits bei Tageslicht die homolytische Spaltung der Sn—N- bzw. Hg—N-Bindung und die Bildung des Trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamino-Radikals 5 (g = 2,00485; a(N) = 16,2G). Der heterogen geführte Zinn-Calcium-Austausch bei Verbindung 1 in THF führt in guten Ausbeuten zum Tris(tetrahydrofuran-O)calcium-bis[2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-2,5-disilaaza-cyclo-pentanid] 4 (monoklin, P21/n, a = 1060,9(2), b = 1919,3(5), c = 1686,0(3) pm, β = 90,30(2)º, Z = 4). Auch die Stannane Men-4Sn[N(SiMe3)2]n mit n = 1 oder 2 eignen sich als Synthone zur Synthese von Bis(tetrahydrofuran-O)calcium-bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amid].
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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