Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Six Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patients with normal karyotypes and their parents were analyzed to determine the nature of the molecular aberrations present in the proximal region of 15q and to determine the parental origin of the aberrant chromosome 15. In addition, the likehood that uniparental disomy plays a significant role in the etiology of PWS patients with normal karyotypes was studied. Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) recognized by seven probes [pML34 (D15S9), pTD3-21, pCGS0.9, pCGS1.1 (D15S10), IR4.3 (D15S11), IR10.1 (DS15S12), p189-1 (D15S13), IR39 (D15S18), and CMW-1 (D15S24)] mapping to the Prader-Willi chromosome region (PWCR) and an additional two probes [pMS1-14 (D15S1); the cDNA of neuromedin B] mapping elsewhere on chromosome 15 were analyzed in the six PWS patients and their parents. Copy number of each locus within the PWCR was determined by densitometry. Molecular rearrangements of the proximal region of 15q were observed in all of the six probands and the origin of the aberrant chromosome 15 when determined was consistently paternal in origin. While data obtained from our six patients does not support the mechanism of disomy, results obtained from three of the six patients show more complex rearrangements hypothesized to have resulted from somatic recombination. These rearrangements have resulted in acquired homozygosity and the lack of a paternal allele at various loci within the PWCR. The presence of only a maternal contribution at certain loci as the result of somatic recombination may be another mechanism by which genetic imprinting plays a role in the presentation of the PWS phenotype.
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