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  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Theγ-decay modes of38Ar levels withE x ≦11,630keV and of42Ca levels withE x ≦10,036keV have been studied using the35Cl(α, pγ) reaction at 16MeV and the39K(α, pγ) reaction at 15.14 MeV, respectively. In both nuclei the number of states withJ≧6 exceeds fifty. Weak coupling calculations of the Bansal and French type reproduce the density of high-spin states. The success of the model implies that the excitations of up to four particles from thed 3/2 into thef 7/2 shell play a role in both nuclei. The structure of deformed states was found to be predominantly 4p/s 6h in38Ar and 4p/s 2h in42Ca, respectively.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Particleγ-ray coincidences have been measured in the28Si (d,pγ) reaction at 6.5 and 7 MeV bombarding energy, in the26Mg (α,nγ) reaction at 12, 14 and 15 MeV, and in the27A1 (τ,pγ) reaction at 9 MeV. Theγ-decay has been observed for all bound states of29Si and for 56 unbound states up to 12,960 KeV excitation energy. Particleγ-ray angular correlations were measured in the28Si (d,pγ) reaction at 6.5 MeV and in the26Mg (α,nγ) reaction at 12 MeV. Spin (-parity) assignments or restrictions were obtained for nearly all bound states and some high-spin states above the binding energy. The assignment of mirror levels in29Si and29P has been extended to 8.2 MeV excitation energy. The excitation energies of 41 positive-parity states are reproduced by shell model calculations. The possible existence of aK π=5/2+ band with prolate deformation is discussed.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract A search for high-spin states in28Si has been performed byn−y coincidence measurements in the25Mg(α,nγy) reaction atE α=14 and 15.5 MeV. Spin-parity assignments of the observed levels were obtained fromn−γ angular correlation and lifetime measurements atE α=14.5 MeV. Theγ-decay of the 9,164 keV level was investigated separately with the27Al(p, γ) reaction at theE p=2,160 and 2,312 keV resonances. Rotational bands withK π=3− (comprising levels atE x=6,879, 8,413, 10,188 and 12,204 keV),K π =5− (comprising levels atE x=9,702, 11,577 and 13,741 keV) andK π=0+ (comprising levels atE x=6,691, 7,381, 9,164 and 11,509 keV) were observed. The finding of the latter band supports the idea of coexisting oblate and prolate shapes in28Si. A level at 14,643 keV excitation energy has the properties of theI π=8+ member of the ground state band. There are additional positive-parity high-spin states which do not fit into rotational bands. All types of positive-parity states are well accounted for by shell model calculations.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Keywords: 27.30+t ; 21.10 Hw ; 21.60 Cs
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract New shell model calculations have predicted several high-spin (I π=5+ and 6+) levels in28Si near 10 MeV excitation energy which are missing from or ambiguous in existing experimental studies. Angular distributions, linear polarizations and Doppler-shifts ofγ-rays have been measured for theγ-decay of theE p=1,911 and 2,073 KeV resonances of the27Al(p, γ) reaction in an attempt to discover these missing states or confirm the discrepancies between experiment and theory. The excitation energies and spin-parities of the resonances were determined as 13,424.4±0.2 keV,I π=5+ and 13,582.3±0.5 keV,I π=6+. States populated in theγ-decay of these resonances were assigned spins and parities as follows: 11,777 keV,I π=5+; 11,331 keV,I π=6+; 10,417 keV,I π=5+; 9,417 keV,I π=4+ and 8,945 keV,I π=5+. On the basis ofγ-ray transition rates T=1 is assigned to the 13,424 keV level and T=0 to the 10,417 and 11,777 keV levels. With the new data excellent agreement is achieved between the experimental spectrum of28Si and the new shell model predictions. These data provide evidence for aK π=3+ rotational band comprised by the 6,276, 6,889, 8,945 and 11,331 keV levels. This band emerges also from the shell model wave functions as do theK π=0+ bands based on the ground state and the 6,691 keV state.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Keywords: 27.30+t ; 21.10 Hw ; 21.60 Cs
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Theγ-decays of levels in26Mg have been investigated up to 12.5 MeV excitation energy by proton-γ-ray coincidence measurements in the23Na(α, pγ) reaction at 14.2 and 16 MeV bombarding energy. Lifetime-measurements, made with the Doppler-shift attenuation method, and proton-γ-ray angular-correlation measurements were performed at Eα=14.2 MeV. Many high-spin states were observed, among them levels at 6,978 (5+), 7,283(4−), 7,395(5+), 7,953(5−), 8,202(6+), 8,472(6+), 9,065(5), 9,112(6+), 9,169(6−), 9,383 (6+), 9,542(5), 9,829(7+), 9,989(6+) and 12,479(8+, 7−) keV excitation energy. The spectrum of positive-parity states and their electromagnetic properties are reproduced with good accuracy by shell-model calculations which employ a unifieds-d shell Hamiltonian and the unrestricted configuration space of the 0d 5/2 1s 1/2 0d 3/2 shell. Members of five inferred rotational bands, withK π=0+, 2+, 3+, 0+ and 3− have been observed up to at leastI=6. TheK π=2+ band shows strong anomalies of excitation energies andE2 transition rates near theI=6 state. The static intrinsic quadrupole moments calculated from the shell model wave functions indicate transitions from prolate to oblate deformation within theK π=2+ band and also the ground state band. The lowest lyingI π=4+ state appears to be “spherical” and cannot be associated with a rotational band.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Keywords: 27.30.+ t ; 21.10.HW ; 21.60.Cs
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Gamma decay modes and spin assignments of levels in27Al have been investigated by proton-γ-ray angular correlation measurements in the24Mg(α, pγ) reaction at 14.2, 15 and 15.6 MeV bombarding energy and byγ-ray angular distribution measurements on the Ep=1820, 2114, 2293 and 2574 keV resonances of the26Mg(p, γ) reaction. Unique spin assignments were obtained as follows: I=3/2 for the 5827 keV state, I=5/2 for the 6115, 6465, 6765, 7577, 7721, 8097, 8136, 8324 keV states, I=7/2 for the 5433, 6533, 7413, 8037, 8442, 8586 keV states, I=9/2 for the 5418, 6512, 6713, 7997 keV states, I=11/2 for the 5500, 6948, 7400, 8396 keV states. The level scheme and electromagnetic properties of levels are compared with the results of shell model calculations which use the complete configuration space of the 0d5/2-1s1/2-0d3/2 shell and the unifieds-d shell Hamiltonian. The agreement is good to excellent and extends into the region of high level density above 7 MeV excitation energy. The total B(M1↑) below 8.5 MeV excitation energy is evaluated, using published resonance fluorescence and (e, e′) data, and quenching relative to the free-nucleon predictions is reexamined. Evidence in favour of a prolate ground state deformation of27Al and implications of this work for the astrophysically interesting26Al(p, γ) reaction are discussed.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Keywords: 27.30.−t ; 21.10.Hw ; 21.60.Cs
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Gamma-decay modes and spin(-parity) assignments of levels in25Mg have been systematically investigated up to 10 MeV excitation energy by particle-γ-ray angularcorrelation measurements with the24Mg(d, pγ) reaction at 6.5 MeV bombarding energy and with the22Ne(α,nγ) reaction at 11.8, 12.5, 14.4 and 15.5 MeV bombarding energy. A level scheme has been established which is comprehensive up to 8.3 MeV excitation energy forI≦9/2 and up to 10 MeV for 9/2〈I≦15/2. The excitation energies and electromagnetic properties of more than 70 states for which positive parity has been established or is most probable are compared with the results of shell-model calculations which use the complete configuration space of theO d 5/2 — 1s 1/2-O d 3/2 shell and the unifieds-d shell Hamiltonian. The agreement is good to excellent. The first intruder states are located near 6.8 MeV excitation energy. The collective properties of25Mg beyond the well established rotational bands are investigated using both the new experimental information and theB(E2)'s obtained from the shell model. The spectrum of25Mg is completely rotational for the first five to six MeV above the yrast line. Shell modelB (M 1)'s reflect the Nilsson model structure of25Mg in great detail. The prospectiveI π=9/2−, 13/2−, and 15/2− members of the established negative-parity,K=1/2 band are found in levels atE x=7801, 9410, and 8896 keV.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The38Ar levels at Ex=5350, 7289 and 9341 keV have been investigated using the35Cl(α,pγ) reaction at Eα=l4 and 14.5 MeV. From particle-γ-ray angular correlations the spin assignments J(5350)=4, J(7289)=6,4 and J(9341)=8,6,4 have been obtained. Life-time measurements using the Doppler-shift attenuation method yielded τ(9341)=106±25 fs and τ(7289)=77±30 fs, while the lifetime τ(5350)=200±50 fs was known previously. All levels have positive parity and decay by enhanced E2 transitions. Hence we propose that they are the Jπ=4+, 6+ and 8+ members, respectively, of a Kπ=0+ rotational band which has the Ex=3377keV, Jπ=0+ and the 3937 keV, Jπ=2+ levels as further members. The enhancement of inband E2 transitions is 30 −6 +10 W.u. (4→2), 35 −14 +30 W.u. (6→4) and 20–36 W.u. (8 → 6), respectively, yielding an average intrinsic quadrupole moment Q0=850 −125 +200 mb. The moment of inertia is given by h22θ=92 keV. The present data are in good agreement with the predictions of a deformed state in38Ar that coexists with the spherical states.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    The European physical journal 278 (1976), S. 319-325 
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Theγ-decay of 9338Ar levels between 6.84 and 10 MeV excitation energy has been measured using the35Cl(α,pγ) reaction atE α=14 MeV. A previous measurement of the same reaction could be exploited in the light of the present results, yielding spin(-parity) assignmentsJ π(7,070)=5-, J(7,507)=7,5,J π(8,077)=7+, J(8,129)=5,6 and J(8,488)=7,5. Theγ-decay modes of yrast levels, which have been previously observed in heavy ion induced reactions, are revised leading to major changes in their spin-parity assignments. New candidates for theJ π=8- and 9+ levels were found in the levels at 9,644 and 9,928 keV excitation energy, respectively. A comparison of yrast levels with shell-model calculations is satisfying.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The45Sc(α, p γ) reaction has been investigated atE α=11, 12 and 13MeV. Theγ-decay of 198 levels in48Ti up to 8,323 keV excitation energy has been observed. High-spin states were investigated by proton-γ ray angular correlation measurements atE=11 and 13MeV and by DSAM lifetime measurements atE=11 MeV. From the combined evidence spin (-parity) assignments were obtained for the levels atE x =8,323 keV (J= 10,8,6), 8,091(12, 10, 8, 6), 7,668(10, 8), 7,427(9, 7), 7,374(11, 9, 7), 6,906(10, 8, 6), 6,172(8+,6+), 6,102(10+,8+), 6,039(6), 6,034(9+, 7+), 5,630(7), 5,197(8+), 5,169(7+), 5,155(5), 4,404(5), 4,398(6+) and 4,046keV (5). Most of the ambiguous spin assignments become unique if the 8,091 keV level hasJ=12, an assumption which is favoured by its excitation function. The level spectrum thus obtained is well reproduced by shell model calculations in the pure (f 7/2)8 configuration space. Discrepancies exist in the reproduction ofγ-decay modes. The reason is found in low-lying high-spin intruder states which include the 7,427 and 8,323 keV levels. The spectrum of negative-parity states is understood qualitatively by a comparison with46Ti and42Ca.
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