Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying
Summary The creep strain rate $$\dot \varepsilon $$ of rocksalt, like that of other ductile crystalline materials, can be described by a power law equation of the type $$\dot \varepsilon $$ α(σ α ) n , where the active stressσ α is the difference between the total deviatoric applied stress σ and an internal stressσ i . In this paper, the origin and the nature of this internal stress, which develops during inelastic deformation of the material, are discussed. It is shown that this internal stress can serve as an internal (or state) variable in the constitutive model of rocksalt, which reflects the microstructure evolution of the material under the competitive action of hardening and recovery mechanisms. An analysis of experimental data, both our own and those taken from the literature, demonstrates that such a law is able to correctly reproduce rocksalt creep test results in the steady-state domain. The proposed model is in accordance with the macroscopic and microscopic behavior of salt, and with direct measurements of the internal stresses made by others on this material.
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