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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4838
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: Abstract NiTi shape memory alloys showing pseudoelastic behaviour have great potential in dental and orthopaedic applications where constant correcting loads may be required. In most of the clinical applications the device may have been heat treated and during its life in service it will be cyclically deformed. It is therefore important to investigate the effect of cyclic straining and heat treatments upon the transformation stresses and temperatures of the material. The aim of this work is to study the thermal and mechanical ageing of a pseudoelastic NiTi shape memory alloy, as well as the environmental in vitro degradation of the alloy due to the effect of artificial saliva.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4838
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: Abstract Bone cements are mainly based on acrylie polymers, poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) being the most representative. The curing process (cold curing) is the result of the free radical polymerization of a mixture of beads of PMMA and methyl methacrylate (MMA), initiated by benzoyl peroxide (BPO) and activated by the presence of a tertiary amine, the most classical being N,N-dimethyl-4-toluidine (DMT). In this work the results on the effect of the size and size distribution of PMMA beads and the concentration of DMT and BPO on the setting parameters, the residual monomer content and the mechanical properties (tension and compression) of the cured systems are presented. The use of relatively larger diameter PMMA beads improves the characteristic parameters of the curing process (decreasing the peak temperature and increasing the setting time), without detrimental effects on the mechanical properties of the cured cement.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: 4-Dimethylaminobenzyl alcohol (DMOH) and 4-dimethyl-aminobenzyl methacrylate (DMMO) were used as the activators in the benzoyl peroxide initiated redox polymerization for the preparation of acrylic bone cement based on poly(methylmethacrylate) beads of different particle size. The residual monomer content of the cured cements was about 2 wt %, independent of the redox system used in the polymerization, indicating that the activating effect of the tertiary aromatic amines DMOH or DMMO was sufficient to reach a polymerization conversion similar to that obtained with the benzoyl peroxide (BPO) N,N-dimethyl-4-toluidine (DMT) system. The BPO/DMOH and BPO/DMMO redox systems provided exotherms of decreasing peak temperature and increasing setting time, and the cured materials presented higher average molecular weight and similar glass transition temperatures in comparison with those obtained when DMT was used as the activator. In addition, these activators are three times less toxic than the classical DMT. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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