maximum sustainable yield
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract A natural extension of age structured Leslie matrix models is to replace age classes with stage classes and to assume that, in each time period, the transition from one stage class to the next is incomplete; that is, diagonal terms appear in the transition matrix. This approach is particularly useful in resource systems where size is more easily measured than age. In this linear setting, the properties of the models are known; and these models have been applied to the analysis of population problems. A more applicable setting is to assume that the reproduction, survival, and transition parameters in the model are density dependent. The behavior of such models is determined by the form of this density dependence. Here, we focus on models in which the parameters depend on the value of an aggregated variable, defined to be the weighted sum of the number of individuals in each stage class. In forestry models, for example, this aggregated variable may represent a basal area index; in fisheries models, it may represent a spawning stock biomass. Current age structured nonlinear stock-recruitment fisheries models are a special case of the models considered here. Certain results that apply to age structured models can be extended to this broader class of models. In particular, the questions addressed relate to the minimum number of age classes that need to be harvested to obtain maximum sustainable yield policies and to managing resources under nonequilibrium and stochastic conditions. Application of the model to problems in fisheries, forestry, pest, and wildlife management is also discussed.
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