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  • 1
    ISSN: 1467-6486
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: This study examined dimensions and levels of career orientations and their correlation with work-related outcome criteria among industrial R&D professionals. Questionnaire data were obtained in 11 West German, 4 British, and 2 US R&D units of large industrial companies. Respondents were 729 West German, 217 British, and 124 US scientists and engineers. Managerial career orientation and professional/scientific career orientation emerged from factor and scale analyses as two independent orientation dimensions with similar meaning across the three countries and the 17 R&D organizations. Results indicated significant cross-country differences in levels of professional/scientific career orientation, but not in levels of managerial career orientation. Significant differences in levels of both orientation dimensions were detected between R&D units within countries. Distinctive characteristics of West German firms employing R&D staff with particularly strong professional/scientific or managerial career orientations are suggested. Managerial and professional/scientific career orientations were found to be differentially related to objective indicators and self-ratings of research performance. Directions for future research and managerial implications for selecting and rewarding R&D employees with different patterns of career orientations are discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Description: Im Koalitionsvertrag kündigen CDU, CSU und SPD an, dass sie den flächendeckenden Ausbau mit Gigabit-Netzen bis 2025 anstreben. Jochen Homann, Bundesnetzagentur, hinterfragt, ob der bestehende Ordnungsrahmen, der ursprünglich auf die Überführung eines Monopols in den Wettbewerb ausgerichtet war, heute noch der richtige ist, wenn es darum geht, neue gigabitfähige Infrastrukturen entstehen zu lassen. Torsten J. Gerpott, Universität Duisburg-Essen, sieht den Ausbau von Glasfasernetzen für stationäre Kunden als wichtigen Schritt zur Verbesserung der digitalen Infrastrukturen in Deutschland an. Er konzentriert sich auf die Frage, inwiefern eine Veränderung der Vergabepraxis für Frequenzlizenzen für den mobilen drahtlosen Netzzugang geeignet sein könnte, Investitionen in Mobilfunknetze der fünften Generation zu stimulieren. Er kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass ein Verzicht auf Auktionen zur Vergabe von Frequenzen für mobiles Breitband Deutschland auf dem Weg in die Gigabit-Gesellschaft eher zurückwerfen würde. Nach Ansicht von Wolfgang Briglauer, Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW), Mannheim, und Ingo Vogelsang, Boston University, sollten, um die Ziele der Gigabit-Gesellschaft zu verfolgen, Marktprozesse und -ergebnisse nicht verzerrt werden, indem einzelne Zugangstechnologien bevorzugt werden. Es sollte vielmehr der Grundsatz der Technologieneutralität berücksichtigt werden. Für Jan Krämer, Universität Passau, ist das Wichtigste, eine verlässliche regulatorisch-politische Basis für die nächsten 20 Jahre zu schaffen. Iris Henseler-Unger, WIK GmbH, sieht als Voraussetzung für die Verwirklichung des »Gigabit-Ziels« vor allem das privatwirtschaftliche Engagement im Ausbau eines hochleistungsfähigen Breitbandnetzes. Lukas Wiewiorra, Universität Frankfurt am Main, ist der Ansicht, dass verstärkt ein Augenmerk auf Investitionsanreize und Regulierungsansätze gelegt sowie Planungssicherheit bei der Investition in eine Glasfaserinfrastruktur geschaffen werden sollten.
    Keywords: O00 ; O30 ; L63 ; ddc:330 ; Breitbandkommunikation ; Infrastrukturinvestition ; Technologiepolitik ; Digitalisierung
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1467-8551
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: To date, there is a dearth of research on strategic antecedents and consequences of management support activities which German venture capital firms (VCFs) provide for the portfolio companies (PCs) they have invested in. This article provides insights regarding such support practices, their main determinants and impacts on the economic performance of PCs. Hypotheses were derived regarding usage of various types of management support, typical functional foci of management support and the influence of VCF and PC characteristics on management support practice. Hypotheses also cover relationships between type, intensity, and frequency of management support and PC performance. Data for 103 PCs of 12 German VCFs indicate the VCFs can improve the performance of their PCs by providing consultative management support, including active involvement in key functional decisions.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1467-9310
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1467-9310
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: A career plateau is defined as that point in a person's career which represents a cessation of both lateral and upward movement between jobs. The present study elaborates the idea that a fuller understanding of individual reactions to the career plateau can be achieved by considering supervisory behaviours and job characteristics as variables transmitting the influence of career plateauing to behavioural and attitudinal reaction measures. It is suggested that supervisors invest less attention and resources in plateaued employees and that plateaued employees are assigned to jobs with less motivating potential. Analyses of questionnaire data from 618 R&D professionals in 11 large West German firms show that there are significant differences between plateaued R&D professionals (i. e. those subjects with at least 10 years of job tenure) and a nonplateaued comparison group (i. e. respondents with not more than 6 years of job tenure) controlling for age as a potential confounding influence. Specifically, plateaued R&D professionals indicate less working hours, to be less satisfied with their career and their work, to be less involved in their work, and they tend to produce less publications and patents per year of company tenure. Furthermore, considerable differences are found between one's immediate supervisor's behaviours (e. g. provision of job-related performance feedback) reported by plateaued professionals and their non-plateaued counterparts. However, even after controlling the mediating effects of supervisory behaviours and job characteristics variables plateauing still had a small, but significant detrimental effect on 3 out of 6 reaction measures. Implications are outlined for organizational career management activities.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1467-9310
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
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    Heidelberg: Springer
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internet ; Infrastrukturversorgung ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Description: Beim letzten Nationalen IT-Gipfel der Bundesregierung am 18./19.11.2015 haben die Kanzlerin und der Wirtschaftsminister einhellig hervorgehoben, dass Deutschland hinsichtlich des Digitalisierungsgrades von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft im internationalen Vergleich allenfalls mittelmäßig abschneiden würde und zudem gegenüber anderen Ländern jüngst auch noch zurückgefallen sei. Diese Urteile wurden mit Ergebnissen einer neuen Studie begründet, in der von einem Marktforschungsunternehmen im Auftrag des Bundeswirtschaftsministeriums ein "Standortindex DIGITAL" konstruiert und ermittelt wurde. Wie aussagekräftig ist dieses Messinstrument? Der Autor hält diesen Index nicht für geeignet, um darauf wirtschaftspolitische Schlussfolgerungen zu gründen.
    Description: Both the German Federal Chancellor and Minster of Economic Affairs unanimously emphasised at the last "national IT summit" on 18-19 November 2015 that the degree of digitisation in the German economy and society is mediocre when compared internationally, and that in the recent past Germany has even lost ground to other countries regarding the nation's "ICT isation". These assessments were justifified by the results of a new study commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs in which a market research fi rm construed a so called "location index DIGITAL". The present article shows that the quality of this measurement instrument is poor. As a consequence, the tenability of the economic policy conclusions drawn from the index by high level government representatives is low.
    Keywords: C43 ; L52 ; L86 ; L88 ; L96 ; L98 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 9
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    Heidelberg: Springer
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Description: Glasfasernetze bis in Privathaushalte gelten als wichtige Voraussetzung für Wirtschaftswachstum. Doch in Deutschland gibt es sie bislang kaum. Der Bau von Mehrfasernetzen kommt als eine Strategie zur Förderung solcher Infrastrukturen in Betracht, ohne gleichzeitig monopolistische Angebotskonstellationen entstehen zu lassen. In mehreren Schweizer Städten wurde mit solchen Projekten begonnen. Der Beitrag stellt das Schweizer Konzept vor und untersucht, ob durch seine Übertragung auf Deutschland ein wirksamer Infrastruktur- und Dienstewettbewerb bei Glasfaser-Breitbandanschlüssen gesichert werden kann.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    R & D management 25 (1995), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1467-9310
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Do the ‘grand’ strategic context characteristics of an acquisition (e.g., business relatedness of buyer and target) deter-mine the integration success of R&D functions after a takeover? Are acquisition management interventions (i.e., the way in which the integration process is man-aged) the key levers shaping integration success of R&D functions after a change in corporate ownership? Little non-anecdotal empirical data are available to answer these questions. Therefore, they were addressed with a sample of 92 acquisitions between German firms in 1988. Overall, use of management interventions which were designed to promote learning opportunities and reduce uncertainty for acquired employees (e.g., small group meetings to exchange information) but also degree of centralization of strategic R&D decisions in the hands of the acquirer were significantly positively related to integration level of R&D functions of both firms after an acquisition. With the exception of relative size of acquiree, strategic acquisition context characteristics were not directly related to R&D integration success. These characteristics may not be as important in shaping R&D integration success as management practitioners and scholars have thought.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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