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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    ISSN: 0168-9002
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: The ECLISSE (ECR coupled to Laser Ion Source for charge State Enhancement) project started in 1999 with the aim to obtain an intense beam of highly charged ions (pulsed mode) by means of the coupling between a laser ion source (LIS) and an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source. The major points to be investigated appeared to be the coupling efficiency between the ion beam produced by the LIS and the ECR plasma, as well as the possibility to enhance the available charge state by an ECRIS with respect to the standard methods which are used to produce ion beams from solid samples (e.g., evaporation, sputtering). The calculations have confirmed that this concept may be effective, provided that the ion energy from the LIS is lower than a few hundred eV. The main features of the calculations will be shown, along with the results obtained in the off-line test facility at laser power densities below 1011 W/cm2. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Review of Scientific Instruments 72 (2001), S. 4090-4097 
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: The SERSE source [P. Ludwig et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 4082 (1998), and references therein] is a superconducting electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source, operating at the Laboratori Nazionali del Sud in Catania since 1998; it is currently used as the main injector for the K-800 superconducting cyclotron. Its high magnetic field provides a high plasma confinement and large currents of highly charged ions, as compared to conventional sources. It can efficiently operate at the microwave frequency of 14 and 18 GHz [S. Gammino and G. Ciavola, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 631 (2000); S. Gammino et al., ibid.70, 3577 (1999)] and has been used as a test bench for injection at 28 GHz. High-frequency operation is expected to create a higher plasma density, thus resulting in larger currents of multiply charged ions. In this article, we report the first operation of an ECR ion source at 28 GHz by using a gyrotron. The gyrotron itself and the waveguide line are described, along with the operational results (in xenon gas for the sake of simplicity). Given the limited amount of power (about 4 kW), which can be injected in the plasma chamber during dc-mode operation, the results are less outstanding than in the pulsed mode (up to 6.5 kW). However, in both cases the beam intensities are far better than the ones obtained by the other ECR ion sources operating at lower frequencies. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Review of Scientific Instruments 72 (2001), S. 68-72 
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: A Nd:YAG pulsed laser is employed to irradiate different metals in vacuum at the ECLISSE facility of the Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud, Catania, INFN. Laser pulse energy, 9 ns in width, ranges between 100 and 900 mJ. The ejection of atoms by means of laser irradiation is studied in terms of angular distribution, laser etching yield and film thickness deposited on a substrate. Light elements (Ni, Cu) show an angular distribution that is larger than heavy ones (W, Pb). A theoretical approach, applied to fit experimental data, indicates that the distribution depends on the high power of cos θ and that the flow velocity of ejected atom ranges between 27 000 and 88 000 m/s and the kinetic energy of ejected species ranges between 0.7 and 4.4 keV. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: The superconducting electron cyclotron resonance ion source SERSE of INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud has been recently upgraded with an 18 GHz generator which takes the place of the 14.5 GHz generator, used up to now. In order to further extend the validation of high B mode to higher frequency, some comparative tests have also been carried out, aimed at understanding the role of the magnetic field and frequency on the ion yield at higher levels than were ever done before. The results at the frequencies of 14.5 and 18 GHz are compared and the trend already observed elsewhere is here confirmed. Preliminary observations of the "two frequency heating" have contributed to increase further the currents of the highest charge states. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: The aim of the EXCYT project at the Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud (LNS) is the production of radioactive beams, and for this we need to carry out the ionization of recoils produced in a target with as high an efficiency as possible. In order to obtain efficient positive ionization the microwave discharge ion source (MIDAS) has been designed to be followed by a charge exchange canal. A prototype of this source has been designed, built, and tested at the LNS and a description of this source is presented in this article along with the preliminary results and a design of the final version. © 1998 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Review of Scientific Instruments 65 (1994), S. 1057-1059 
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: The project for a superconducting electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source has been funded by INFN in 1992 as a joint venture between INFN and CEA/DRFMC. The source is devoted to the production of high charge state heavy ions to be injected into the K-800 superconducting cyclotron. The magnetic system consists of three solenoids and of an hexapole which will allow one to attain a strong plasma confinement by means of a B-min field configuration with a very high magnetic field (1.4 T on the plasma chamber wall). At the intermediate frequency of 14.5 GHz, it will be possible to study the scaling of ECR ion sources at different magnetic fields far beyond the existing levels. The source will eventually work at a higher frequency, in the range 28–35 GHz of gyrotron tubes. The design of the superconducting magnets and of the cryostat has been carefully carried out, taking into account this goal, and the construction is now under course. The mechanical design of the plasma chamber is also outlined.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: We would like to present the initial results and description of the superconducting electron cyclotron resonance ion source (SCECR) operating in the high-B mode—a new high magnetic field, low-frequency mode of operation. First, we describe the operating characteristics of this mode, which include very high mirror confinement in all directions, yet having a minimum field low enough for electron cyclotron resonance heating of 6.4 GHz. The source performance for oxygen, neon, argon, krypton, and xenon is presented and comparisons are made with several existing high-performance ECR sources. In this high-B mode the SCECR matches or exceeds the performance of all existing ECR sources. These results perhaps invalidate the classical frequency squared source performance scaling law, and suggest the new possibility of high-performance, low-frequency (and hence low cost) sources as will be discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: Some measurements have been done on the source ECRIS 1 at K.V.I., showing the beneficial effect to the output currents when a biased disk is positioned in the first stage, as reported by the Grenoble ECRIS group. The increase is in the order of 40% and it can be explained by the enrichment of the electron density in the plasma. Different saturation voltages for different charge states tend to confirm this explanation, suggesting new experiments, as, for example, the substitution of the first stage by an electron gun.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: At the "Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud'' (L.N.S.) the K-800 Superconducting Cyclotron (C.S.) is under construction and by the end of 1992 it will be completed in order to work as a booster for the 15-MV Tandem. With this facility fully stripped light ions will reach 100 MeV/amu, while the heaviest ions are foreseen to get 16 MeV/amu. In order to increase both charge states and intensities, mostly for the heaviest ions, of the beams injected into the C.S. a project for a superconducting electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source has been developed and it will be carried out as a joint venture between the L.N.S. and the C.E.N. of Grenoble. This source will be the first superconducting ECR source to be coupled to a superconducting cyclotron in Europe, and it is particularly suited to exploit the capabilities of our K-800 superconducting cyclotron. The source will be working at 14.5 GHz and the confinement will be performed by superconducting magnets able to give 1.3 T on the plasma chamber wall, permitting attainment of a very good confinement. The design is at a preliminary level, but the main characteristics of the source have been established. The construction is scheduled to begin in 1992 and the source is expected to be working in 1995.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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