ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2015-08-05
    Description: Studies of human genetics and pathophysiology have implicated the regulation of autophagy in inflammation, neurodegeneration, infection, and autoimmunity. These findings have motivated the use of small-molecule probes to study how modulation of autophagy affects disease-associated phenotypes. Here, we describe the discovery of the small-molecule probe BRD5631 that is derived from...
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-03-29
    Description: Macrophages activated by the Gram-negative bacterial product lipopolysaccharide switch their core metabolism from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis. Here we show that inhibition of glycolysis with 2-deoxyglucose suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced interleukin-1beta but not tumour-necrosis factor-alpha in mouse macrophages. A comprehensive metabolic map of lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages shows upregulation of glycolytic and downregulation of mitochondrial genes, which correlates directly with the expression profiles of altered metabolites. Lipopolysaccharide strongly increases the levels of the tricarboxylic-acid cycle intermediate succinate. Glutamine-dependent anerplerosis is the principal source of succinate, although the 'GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) shunt' pathway also has a role. Lipopolysaccharide-induced succinate stabilizes hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha, an effect that is inhibited by 2-deoxyglucose, with interleukin-1beta as an important target. Lipopolysaccharide also increases succinylation of several proteins. We therefore identify succinate as a metabolite in innate immune signalling, which enhances interleukin-1beta production during inflammation.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4031686/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4031686/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Tannahill, G M -- Curtis, A M -- Adamik, J -- Palsson-McDermott, E M -- McGettrick, A F -- Goel, G -- Frezza, C -- Bernard, N J -- Kelly, B -- Foley, N H -- Zheng, L -- Gardet, A -- Tong, Z -- Jany, S S -- Corr, S C -- Haneklaus, M -- Caffrey, B E -- Pierce, K -- Walmsley, S -- Beasley, F C -- Cummins, E -- Nizet, V -- Whyte, M -- Taylor, C T -- Lin, H -- Masters, S L -- Gottlieb, E -- Kelly, V P -- Clish, C -- Auron, P E -- Xavier, R J -- O'Neill, L A J -- 098516/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- R01 AI093451/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R56 AI090863/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U54 AI057153/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2013 Apr 11;496(7444):238-42. doi: 10.1038/nature11986. Epub 2013 Mar 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23535595" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Bone Marrow Cells/cytology ; Citric Acid Cycle/drug effects ; Deoxyglucose/pharmacology ; Down-Regulation/drug effects ; Genes, Mitochondrial/drug effects/genetics ; Glutamine/metabolism ; Glycolysis/drug effects/genetics ; Humans ; Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/*metabolism ; Immunity, Innate/drug effects ; Inflammation/metabolism ; Interleukin-1beta/*biosynthesis/genetics ; Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology ; Macrophages/cytology/drug effects/metabolism ; Mice ; *Signal Transduction ; Succinic Acid/*metabolism ; Up-Regulation/drug effects ; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2014-06-28
    Description: Mammals are coinfected by multiple pathogens that interact through unknown mechanisms. We found that helminth infection, characterized by the induction of the cytokine interleukin-4 (IL-4) and the activation of the transcription factor Stat6, reactivated murine gamma-herpesvirus infection in vivo. IL-4 promoted viral replication and blocked the antiviral effects of interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) by inducing Stat6 binding to the promoter for an important viral transcriptional transactivator. IL-4 also reactivated human Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus from latency in cultured cells. Exogenous IL-4 plus blockade of IFNgamma reactivated latent murine gamma-herpesvirus infection in vivo, suggesting a "two-signal" model for viral reactivation. Thus, chronic herpesvirus infection, a component of the mammalian virome, is regulated by the counterpoised actions of multiple cytokines on viral promoters that have evolved to sense host immune status.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4531374/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4531374/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Reese, T A -- Wakeman, B S -- Choi, H S -- Hufford, M M -- Huang, S C -- Zhang, X -- Buck, M D -- Jezewski, A -- Kambal, A -- Liu, C Y -- Goel, G -- Murray, P J -- Xavier, R J -- Kaplan, M H -- Renne, R -- Speck, S H -- Artyomov, M N -- Pearce, E J -- Virgin, H W -- AI032573/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI084887/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- CA119917/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA164062/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA52004/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA021765/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI032573/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI084887/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI095282/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA052004/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA119917/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA164062/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U54 AI057160/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Aug 1;345(6196):573-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1254517. Epub 2014 Jun 26.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. ; Emory University Vaccine Center, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. ; Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. ; Departments of Pediatrics and Microbiology and Immunology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. ; Center for Computational and Integrative Biology and Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. ; Departments of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. ; Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. virgin@wustl.edu.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24968940" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Gammaherpesvirinae/genetics/*physiology ; Gene Expression Regulation, Viral ; Herpesvirus 8, Human/genetics/*physiology ; Humans ; Interferon-gamma/*immunology/pharmacology ; Interleukin-4/*metabolism/pharmacology ; Macrophages/immunology ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Nematospiroides dubius/immunology ; Ovum/immunology ; Promoter Regions, Genetic ; STAT6 Transcription Factor/*metabolism ; Schistosoma mansoni/*immunology ; Schistosomiasis mansoni/*immunology ; Strongylida Infections/immunology ; Virus Activation/drug effects/genetics/*physiology ; Virus Latency/physiology ; Virus Replication/physiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-06-30
    Description: The DNA damage response (DDR) is regulated by a protein kinase signaling cascade that orchestrates DNA repair and other processes. Identifying the substrate effectors of these kinases is critical for understanding the underlying physiology and mechanism of the response. We have used quantitative mass spectrometry to profile DDR-dependent phosphorylation in...
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Publication Date: 2014-09-17
    Description: Developing a quantitative view of how biological pathways are regulated in response to environmental factors is central for understanding of disease phenotypes. We present a computational framework, named Multivariate Inference of Pathway Activity (MIPA), which quantifies degree of activity induced in a biological pathway by computing five distinct measures from transcriptomic profiles of its member genes. Statistical significance of inferred activity is examined using multiple independent self-contained tests followed by a competitive analysis. The method incorporates a new algorithm to identify a subset of genes that may regulate the extent of activity induced in a pathway. We present an in-depth evaluation of specificity, robustness, and reproducibility of our method. We benchmarked MIPA's false positive rate at less than 1%. Using transcriptomic profiles representing distinct physiological and disease states, we illustrate applicability of our method in (i) identifying gene–gene interactions in autophagy-dependent response to Salmonella infection, (ii) uncovering gene–environment interactions in host response to bacterial and viral pathogens and (iii) identifying driver genes and processes that contribute to wound healing and response to anti-TNFα therapy. We provide relevant experimental validation that corroborates the accuracy and advantage of our method.
    Keywords: Computational Methods, Genomics
    Print ISSN: 0305-1048
    Electronic ISSN: 1362-4962
    Topics: Biology
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019
    Description: 〈p〉Celiac disease (CeD), caused by immune reactions to cereal gluten, is treated with gluten -elimination diets. Within hours of gluten exposure, either perorally or extraorally by intradermal injection, treated patients experience gastrointestinal symptoms. To test whether gluten exposure leads to systemic cytokine production time -related to symptoms, series of multiplex cytokine measurements were obtained in CeD patients after gluten challenge. Peptide injection elevated at least 15 plasma cytokines, with IL-2, IL-8, and IL-10 being most prominent (fold-change increase at 4 hours of 272, 11, and 1.2, respectively). IL-2 and IL-8 were the only cytokines elevated at 2 hours, preceding onset of symptoms. After gluten ingestion, IL-2 was the earliest and most prominent cytokine (15-fold change at 4 hours). Supported by studies of patient-derived gluten-specific T cell clones and primary lymphocytes, our observations indicate that gluten-specific CD4〈sup〉+〈/sup〉 T cells are rapidly reactivated by antigen -exposure likely causing CeD-associated gastrointestinal symptoms.〈/p〉
    Electronic ISSN: 2375-2548
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Continuous phase recording of the 16kHz transmission from GBR (UK) are being made and published midday phase data of GBR are received regularly from laboratories in the US, FGR, and UK. The local time scale (UTC, India), at the National Physical Laboratory in New Delhi, and those at the foreign laboratories are intercompared using the VLF phase data. A major factor which limits the accuracy of long term comparison is the seasonal variation in the VLF over delay over long paths. By taking into account the seasonal delay variations in a semiempirical way, the accuracy of time and frequency comparisons can be improved. Over a one year period, accuracy of a few parts in 10 to the 14th power in frequency and 1 to 2 micron sec in time were obtained. The relative frequency offset difference between UTC, (India) and UTC (PTB, Germany) of (7.0 + or - 0.1) x 10 to the -13 power agrees well with that obtained in a satellite experiment.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center Proc. of the 12th Ann. Precise Time and Time Interval Appl. and Planning Meeting; p 851-862
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Publication Date: 2014-06-26
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Publication Date: 2013-03-24
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Published by Springer Nature
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...