ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
Collection
Publisher
Years
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Data on the cytoskeleton of epithelioid cells in arteriovenous anastomosis (AVA) are sparse, but there is evidence that the (myo)-epithelioid cells of the AVAs represent a specialized smooth muscle cell type with less contractile properties. We demonstrated the expression of α-smooth muscle actin, smooth muscle myosin, calponin, caldesmon, and caveolin in epithelioid cells of rabbit ear and in human toes, finger tips, and glomus tumors by means of indirect immunofluorescence techniques and immunoelectron microscopy. Epithelioid cells in rabbit ear did not express vimentin, but it was present in human toes, finger tips, and glomus tumors. Epithelioid cells in human toes, finger tips, and glomus tumors did not express desmin, but it was present in rabbit ear. Epithelioid cells did not express cytokeratins. The epithelioid cells examined showed only a weak expression of the protein smoothelin, which occurs exclusively in contractile smooth muscle cells. Immunoelectron microscopical demonstration of α-smooth muscle actin revealed a striking difference in the arrangement of actin filaments in the epithelioid cells as compared to that in the smooth muscle cells of blood vessels. The epithelioid cells contained a loose array of actin filaments, whereas the smooth muscle cells contained tightly packed parallel actin bundles. In the present study we observed a correlation between the lack of contractile marker protein expression in epithelioid cells and the presence of only a few filaments, although the epithelioid cells are α-smooth muscle actin positive. The reduced number of contractile elements in the epithelioid cells of rabbit and human anastomoses suggests a lower contractility of epithelioid cells compared to that of the surrounding smooth muscle cells in anastomoses. A second interesting difference between both cell types is the high number of caveolae in epithelioid cells. Immunoelectron microscopy showed a compact distribution of caveolae at the epithelioid cell border, but a more dispersed distribution of caveolae in the cytoplasm of the blood vessel endothelium. The benign glomus tumor was characterized by an expression pattern of cytoskeletal proteins similar to that of epithelioid cells, confirming its description as a benign tumor.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Interactions between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and chondrocytes are of great importance for structure and function of cartilage. The present study was undertaken to answer the question whether caveolins take part in integrin-mediated cell–ECM interactions in the human cartilage. In samples of human knee joint cartilage, we detected the caveolin subtypes -1, -2, and -3 by immunohistochemical methods. Double-label experiments revealed a colocalization of caveolin with β1-integrin. Results of immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting assays show that β1-integrins associate with all three caveolin subtypes in human chondrocytes and indicate that they are part of the same complexes. Furthermore, immunoelectron microscopy shows the localization of β1-integrin in caveolae-like structures of the cell membrane. The data stimulate further investigations on the role of the caveolin–integrin complex for integrin-mediated signaling pathways in chondrocytes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-6865
    Keywords: There are no keywords
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Peripheral blood flow can be regulated by specialized vessel segments, the arteriovenous anastomoses. Their wall consists of a relatively thick layer of smooth muscle cells and so-called epithelioid cells. The epithelioid cell is a specialized myogenic cell phenotype expressing nitric oxide synthase. We studied the innervation of the different segments of arteriovenous anastomoses in the rabbit ear using antisera against neuropeptide Y, tyrosine hydroxylase, calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P, as well as neuron-specific enolase, calbindin D and neurotubulin. The participation was especially examined of neuropeptidergic innervation and a possible morphological connection to the occurrence of epithelioid cells and a paracrine function. The NADPH diaphorase reaction and α-smooth muscle actin immunoelectron microscopy served to distinguish epithelioid cells from smooth muscle cells. Using conventional fluorescence microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy, we found the most dense innervation pattern of pan-neuronal markers (neurotubulin, neuron-specific enolase), tyrosine hydroxylase-immunor eactive nerve fibres and neuro-peptidergic nerve fibres (neuropeptide Y, calcitonin gene-related peptide, substance P) around the intermediate segment in arteriovenous anastomoses, whereas the venous segment was barely marked. Single nerve fibres penetrated into the medial layer and reached the epithelioid cells. Using immunoelectron microscopy, we found intercellular contacts between epithelioid cells, but not the gap junction protein connexin 43. Here, we report for the first time a correlation of the innervation pattern with epithelioid cell type in arteriovenous anastomoses. Our findings suggest that epithelioid cells of the arteriovenous anastomoses are controlled by a dense network of neuropeptidergic nerve fibres in functional connection to their paracrine role as a nitric oxide producer. © 1998 Chapman & Hall
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...