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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Chichester : Wiley
    Call number: PIK B 560-10-0150
    Description / Table of Contents: Contents: PART I Understanding Sustainability and Marketing ; 1 Marketing in the Twenty-First Century ; 2 Framing Sustainability Marketing ; PART II Developing Sustainability Marketing Opportunities ; 3 Socio-ecological Problems ; 4 Sustainable Consumer Behaviour ; PART III Developing Sustainability Marketing Standards and Strategies ; 5 Sustainability Marketing Values and Objectives ; 6 Sustainability Marketing Strategies ; PART IV Developing the Sustainability Marketing Mix ; 7 Customer Solutions ; 8 Communications ; 9 Customer Cost ; 10 Convenience ; PART V Developing the Future of Sustainability Marketing ; 11 Sustainability Marketing Transformations ; 12 Reframing Sustainability Marketing ; Index
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XIV, 292 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 9780470519226
    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 2
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Leipzig : Fachbuchverl.
    Call number: G 7772
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: IX, 352 S. : graph. Darst.
    Edition: 1. Aufl.
    Series Statement: Mathematik für Ingenieure
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    Call number: ZSP-168-186
    In: Berichte zur Polarforschung
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: III, 136 S. : graph. Darst., Kt.
    ISSN: 0176-5027
    Series Statement: Berichte zur Polarforschung 186
    Language: English
    Note: Zugl.: Heidelberg, Univ., Diss., 1995
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0948-5023
    Keywords: High-Temperature MD Simulations ; Confor-mational Analysis ; Porphyrin-Quinone Systems ; Photosynthesis Models
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Photoinduced electron transfer reactions play an important role in the primary step of the biological photosynthesis process. In an attempt to understand better the mechanism of the charge separation organic donor-acceptor molecules containing porphyrins and quinones were designed as photosynthesis models. In order to study the structure dependence of the photoinduced electron transfer twofold and fourfold bridged porphyrin-quinone systems with increasing donor-acceptor distance were synthesized (Figure 1) [1, 2, 3]. It was assumed that in these molecules the porphyrin and quinone should be linked in a rigid and well-defined orientation. To verify this assumption the conformational behavior of these systems was studied by high-temperature MD simulations in combination with conformational analysis of selected minimized structures [4, 5].
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-02-01
    Description: The continental slope of India is exposed to an intense perennial oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) supporting pelagic denitrification. Sediments that are presently in contact with the lower boundary of the denitrification zone indicate marked changes in the intermediate and bottom waters ventilation of OMZ during the past 9,500 years. The δ15N of sediment suggests that the OMZ waters were less ventilated during the early Holocene (between 9.5 and 8.5 ka BP) resulting in intensified denitrifying conditions with an average δ15N value of 7.8‰, while at the same time stable Mo isotope composition (average δ98Mo of -0.02‰) indicates that the bottom waters that were in contact with the sediments were better oxygenated. By the mid-Holocene OMZ became more oxygenated suppressing denitrification (average δ15N of 6.2‰), while bottom waters gradually became less oxygenated (average δ98Mo of 1.7‰). The mid-Holocene reduction in denitrification coincided with a global decrease in atmospheric N2O as inferred from ice core records, which is consistent with a decreased contribution from the Arabian Sea. Since ~5.5 ka BP OMZ waters have again been undergoing progressive deoxygenation accompanied by increasing denitrification.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
    Format: text
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-02-01
    Description: The cause of rapid hydrological changes in the tropical West Pacific during the last deglaciation remains controversial. In order to test whether these changes were triggered by abrupt climate change events in the North Atlantic Ocean, variations in precipitation during the last deglaciation (18–10 ka) were extracted from proxy records of chemical weathering and terrigenous input in the western Philippine Sea (WPS). The evolution of chemical weathering and terrigenous input since 27 ka was reconstructed using the chemical index of alteration (CIA), elemental ratios (K/Al, TOC/TN and Ti/Ca), δ13Corg, terrigenous fraction abundance and flux data from International Marine Global Change Study Program (IMAGES) core MD06-3054 collected on the upper continental slope of eastern Luzon (northern Philippines). Sediment deposited during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) shows weathering equal to or slightly greater than Holocene sediment in the WPS. This unusual state of chemical weathering, which is inconsistent with lower air temperatures and decreased precipitation in Luzon during the LGM, may be due to reworking of poorly consolidated sediments on the eastern Luzon continental shelf during the LGM sea-level lowstand. Rapid changes in chemical weathering, characterized by higher intensity during the Heinrich event 1 (H1) and Younger Dryas (YD) and lower intensity during the Bølling-Allerød (B/A), were linked to rapid variations in precipitation in the WPS during the last deglaciation. The higher terrigenous inputs during the LGM relative to those of the Holocene were controlled by sea-level changes rather than precipitation. The terrigenous inputs show a long-term decline during the last deglaciation, punctuated by brief spikes during the H1 and YD related to sea-level rises and rapid precipitation changes in the WPS, respectively. The proxy records of chemical weathering and terrigenous input from eastern Luzon suggest high rainfall during the H1 and YD events, consistent with inferred rainfall patterns based on Fe/Ca records from offshore Mindanao. Rapid precipitation changes in the WPS did not coincide with migrations of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) but, rather, were related to state shifts of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) during the last deglaciation. Based on proxy records and modeling results, we argue that the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) controlled rapid precipitation changes in the tropical West Pacific through zonal shifts of ENSO or meridional migration of the ITCZ during the last deglaciation. Our findings highlight the dominant role of the North Atlantic Ocean in the tropical hydrologic cycle during the last deglaciation.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-11-27
    Description: The neodymium isotope proxy has become a valuable tool for the reconstruction of past ocean water mass provenance and mixing. For its accurate application, knowledge about the origin and preservation of Nd in sedimentary archives is crucial. Recently, concerns have emerged regarding the applicability of neodymium isotopes as a conservative palaeo water mass tracer, given potential Nd fluxes from sediments into bottom waters (Abbott et al., 2015a) and inferred relabelling of ocean waters by settling detrital material (Roberts and Piotrowski, 2015). Consequently, a decoupling of water mass provenance and proxy variations may arise. We investigate the mobility of Nd around extreme detrital sedimentation events such as glacial ice rafting pulses and turbidite deposition in the Northeast Atlantic. The constructed records from sediment leachates span extreme Nd isotope variations including volcanic (εNd ∼ 0) and Laurentian (εNd ∼ −27) sources. We find that Nd was released into pore waters from reactive detritus inside some detrital layers during early diagenesis, thereby overprinting any archived bottom water Nd signature and precluding the reconstruction of past water mass provenance during the affected time intervals. However, we do not observe any definite indication of diffusive vertical migration of Nd into adjacent layers. Furthermore, bottom water Nd isotope signatures were not modified to a measurable degree by any potential benthic flux of Nd during the deposition of these detrital sediment layers. Consequently, the Nd isotope composition of the pelagic glacial Northeast Atlantic water masses were resilient to such episodic large detrital fluxes. Apart from extreme local sedimentation events, we confirm the presence of detritally overprinted deep waters north of 47°N during the peak glacial from comparison of Northeast Atlantic depth transects. We furthermore suggest that the sensitivity of deep waters to this overprinting effect increased during periods of reduced Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and elevated ice rafting. Overall, our study demonstrates that a thorough evaluation of the proportion of Nd originating from physical water mass advection versus in situ chemical inputs is crucial for the reliable application of Nd isotopes as a water mass tracer.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-02-22
    Description: The role of accessory minerals in the incongruent release of Hf and Pb during continental weathering and its implications for the generation of distinct seawater isotope compositions is subject of debate. While it has been suggested that radiogenic Hf and Pb isotope signatures released during the dissolution of rocks are controlled by the relative abundances of minerals with distinct isotope compositions and differences in their resistance to dissolution there has not been a comprehensive experimental investigation of these processes to date. We carried out systematic sequential leaching experiments on fresh and partly weathered granitic rock samples as well as separated zircons from the Central Aar Granite in Switzerland. Combined with major and rare earth element concentrations our new quantitative experimental data reveal systematic preferential release of radiogenic Nd, Hf and Pb isotopes primarily controlled by dissolution characteristics of the host rock's easily dissolvable accessory and major minerals, in particular apatite and sphene, during weak chemical weathering. Moreover, Pb isotope signatures of incipient weathering conditions, contrary to expectations, indicate initial congruent release of Pb from freshly exposed mineral surfaces that becomes subsequently incongruent. During more advanced chemical weathering stages, as well as enhanced physical weathering conditions, the dissolution of major minerals (i.e. feldspars) becomes dominant for Nd and Pb isotope signatures, whereas Hf isotopes are still dominated by contributions from highly radiogenic accessories. Additional leaching experiments of zircon separates were performed to test the specific role of zircons for Hf isotope compositions of riverine runoff. It is demonstrated that zircon is more efficiently dissolved when physical weathering is enhanced. This increased Hf release originating from partial dissolution of zircons, however, is quantitatively not sufficient to explain less radiogenic Hf isotope signatures in seawater during episodes of enhanced mechanical erosion alone. Moreover, the observed addition of Hf from the more congruent dissolution of the zircon-free fractions of the parent rock due to enhanced physical weathering indicate that these minerals also play an important role in controlling Hf isotope signatures released under deglacial conditions.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
    Format: text
    Format: other
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2014-06-02
    Description: Sediment core MSM5/5-712 from the West Spitsbergen continental margin has been investigated at high resolution for its seawater-derived neodymium (Nd) and lead (Pb) isotope compositions stored in ferromanganese oxyhydroxide coatings of the sediment particles to reconstruct Holocene changes in the sources and mixing of bottom waters passing the site. The radiogenic isotope data are used in combination with a multitude of proxy indicators for the climatic and oceanographic development of the eastern Fram Strait during the past 8500 years. To calibrate the downcore data, seawater and core top samples from the area were analysed for their radiogenic isotope compositions. Core top leachates reveal relatively high (more radiogenic) Nd isotope compositions between εNd −9.7 and −9.1, which are higher than present-day seawater εNd in eastern Fram Strait (−12.6 to −10.5) and indicate that the seawater values have only been established very recently. The core top data agree well with the downcore signatures within the uppermost 40 cm of the sediment core (εNd −9.1 to −8.8) indicating a reduced inflow of waters from the Nordic Seas, concurrent with cool conditions and a south-eastward shift of the marginal ice zone after ca 2.8 cal ka BP (Late Holocene). High sea-ice abundances in eastern Fram Strait are coeval with the well-known Neoglacial trend in the northern North Atlantic region. In contrast, warmer conditions of the late Early to Mid-Holocene were accompanied by lower (less radiogenic) εNd signatures of the bottom waters indicating an increased admixture from the Nordic Seas (−10.6 to −10.1). A shift to significantly more radiogenic εNd signatures of the detrital material also occurred at 3 cal ka BP and was accompanied by a marked increase in supply of fine-grained ice-rafted material (IRF) from the Arctic Ocean to the core site. The most likely source areas for this radiogenic material are the shallow Arctic shelves, in particular the Kara Sea shelf. The evolution of the Pb isotope compositions of past seawater was dominated by local signatures characterized by high 208, 207, 206Pb/204Pb values during the warm Early and Mid-Holocene periods related to enhanced chemical weathering on Svalbard and high glacial and riverine input derived from young granitic (more radiogenic) material to the West Spitsbergen margin. At 3 cal ka BP both detrital and seawater Pb isotope data changed towards more Kara Sea-like signatures.
    Repository Name: EPIC Alfred Wegener Institut
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 10
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    Vienna University of Technology (Department of Geodesy and Geoinformatics)
    Publication Date: 2014-05-09
    Repository Name: EPIC Alfred Wegener Institut
    Type: PANGAEA Documentation , NonPeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
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