Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Summary A detailed study of the growth stresses and strains in the cork shell of the cork-oak was undertaken based on experimentally determined constitutive relations for cork in tension and compression. The stresses depend on the thicknesses of the cork shell and of the back layer around the cork shell, on the radius of the trunk and on its increase due to growth. The circumferential stresses in the cork shell and back layer are tensile and increase with increasing distance to the tree axis. The radial stresses are compressive and decrease with increasing distance to the tree axis. The strains due to growth are not recovered when the cork boards are removed, unless the boards are heated, for example, by immersion in boiling water. Other consequences of the growth stresses are analysed, such as the occurrence of corrugations in the lateral cell walls of cork, the variation of width of the successive growth rings and the occurrence of cracks in the back layer and outer cork layers.
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