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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Space science reviews 42 (1985), S. 337-355 
    ISSN: 1572-9672
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The last decade has seen a period of rapid growth in our understanding of the processes which occur in the auroral regions. Much of our understanding is based on the copious new observations which have been made available in the auroral community. The present work is a short overview of the plasma conditions which obtain throughout much of the auroral region. It covers the diffuse and discrete auroral electron precipitation in the morning and evening oval, cusp, and polar cap. The ionospheric ion outflow throughout the high latitude regime is also described and related to the electron observations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-9672
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The RAPID spectrometer (Research with Adaptive Particle Imaging Detectors) for the Cluster mission is an advanced particle detector for the analysis of suprathermal plasma distributions in the energy range from 20–400 keV for electrons, 40 keV–1500 keV (4000 keV) for hydrogen, and 10 keV nucl-1–1500 keV (4000 keV) for heavier ions. Novel detector concepts in combination with pin-hole acceptance allow the measurement of angular distributions over a range of 180° in polar angle for either species. Identification of the ionic component (particle mass A) is based on a two-dimensional analysis of the particle's velocity and energy. Electrons are identified by the well-known energy-range relationship. Details of the detection techniques and in-orbit operations are described. Scientific objectives of this investigation are highlighted by the discussion of selected critical issues in geospace.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1572-9672
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Observations and theoretical interpretations of auroral plasma distributions have led to a spectacular advance, in the latter part of the 1970's, in understanding the formation of auroral arcs and the role that the aurora plays in the coupling between the magnetosphere and ionosphere in the evening sector. The key to this understanding is the verification of the existence of electric field components parallel to the magnetic field. The parallel electric field accelerates electrons downwards to form the aurora. At the same time, it accelerates ionospheric ions upwards to provide the magnetosphere with a new source of hot plasma. The auroral plasma observations indicate that the hot auroral plasmas behave according to laws of adiabatic motion coexisting with a measure of plasma turbulence. Theoretical considerations of auroral arc formation are in accord with this plasma characteristic.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1572-9672
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The CEPPAD Experiment consists of four sensors for investigating energetic particle phenomena on the POLAR mission. These sensors provide 3-D proton and electron angular distributions in the energy range of 20 keV to 1 MeV, energetic proton and electron measurements extending to energies greater than 10 MEV, high angular and time resolution measurements in the loss-cone, and data on energetic neutral particles. All sensors operate in conjunction with special on-board data processing units which control sensor data acquisition modes while performing in-flight data processing, data compression, and telemetry formatting. Presented here is a CEPPAD system overview together with descriptions of the individual sensors, the in-flight data processing, and examples of sensor calibration data.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Genotypic ; Environmental ; Variation ; Autumn ; Onions
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Seven onion cultivars of Japanese and European origin were evaluated in autumn-sown trials, at six sites over two seasons. Within each season genotypic differences were detected for winter-kill, bolting, maturity time and yield. In general the Japanese cultivars showed consistently lower levels of bolting and winter-kill and earlier maturity relative to the European cultivars. Environmental effects were important with differences between seasons, sites and sowings recorded for most characters. It was concluded that the use of early and late August sowings would provide suitable screening environments for bolting and winter-kill respectively. There were also differences between genotypes in their linear response to environments as shown by joint regression analyses. ‘Express Yellow O-X’ (hybrid) showed least response to environments for bolting and winter-kill and ‘Senshyu semi-globe Yellow’ gave the most consistent time to maturity over environments.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: Multi-satellite observations of energetic particle were made during the magnetospheric compression event of February 8, 1986. In the upstream region in the interplanetary medium (IPM) observations were made of magnetospheric leakage particles and specularly reflected solar wind ions.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Advances in Space Research (ISSN 0273-1177); 8; 9-10,
    Format: text
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: Energetic solar protons asymmetric access to north south polar caps by satellite observation during 24 January 1969 event
    Keywords: SPACE RADIATION
    Type: ; ADEMIE DES SCIENCES
    Format: text
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Multisatellite particle and magnetic field data for the substorms of July 29, 1977, show auroral-like activity above 80 deg invariant latitude during the recovery period. The movement of auroral zone activity to high latitudes followed the substorm sequence, at which time the inferred interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) was strongly northward. Electron energy spectra indicative of a field-aligned potential drop, and the absence of supporting precipitating ions, are found at latitudes greater than 80 deg. The north-south symmetry of these observations suggests that the events are on closed field lines. It is noted the very strong northward IMF connected to the sunward tilted geomagnetic dipole field plays a role in the driving of strong Birkeland and ionospheric current systems in the northern polar regions, while eliminating them from the southern polar regions.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research; 87; Aug. 1
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: A short summary document on spacecraft charging was prepared for use by engineers in the various Aerospace Corporation program offices that support Air Force Space Division programs. The magnetospheric charging environment at near-geosynchronous altitudes is outlined and the mechanisms of charging and discharging are discussed. Statistical results from the P78-2 (SCATHA) satellite engineering experiments are given. The document is intended to be a layman's source for charging information and for design guidance and criteria.
    Keywords: SPACECRAFT DESIGN, TESTING AND PERFORMANCE
    Type: NASA. Lewis Research Center Spacecraft Environ. Interactions Technol., 1983; p 391
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: SCATHA satellite observations of large-amplitude magnetic field oscillations in the magnetosheath and in the associated plasma are studied. Large-amplitude variations in the magnetosheath magnetic field intensity with a quasi-period of 10 s were observed. Nearly static structures of high-beta plasma associated with the magnetic field minima and low-beta plasma associated with the magnetic field maxima were observed convecting toward the earth. The morphology of charged particle data for the transition between the magnetosphere and the magnetosheath for a northward magnetosheath magnetic field is presented. A convection electric field of about 9 mV/m was inferred from the spectral difference between solar and antisolar drifting ions in the magnetosheath near a magnetopause rotational discontinuity. A trapped component was observed in the magnetosheath plasma during both northward and southward magnetosheath magnetic fields. It is concluded that flux transfer events arise from the interaction of the earthward convecting plasma filaments with the magnetospheric magnetic field at the magnetopause.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 91; 4321-434
    Format: text
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