Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Penetration of leaves of barley,Hordeum vulgare L., by the corn leaf aphid,Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch), was studied with light, phase, and electron microscopes. Penetration of epidermis and mesophyll was largely intercellular, that of vascular bundles or veins largely intracellular. Like other aphids,R. maidis secretes a salivary sheath which surrounds the stylets. When mesophyll cells and parenchymatous elements of the veins were penetrated by stylets, their protoplasts were pushed to one side by intruding sheath material; hence, the protoplasts were not punctured by the stylets, although sometimes the plasmalemma of penetrated cells was ruptured by sheath material. The salivary sheaths ended more or less abruptly outside the walls of sieve elements being fed upon, the maxillary stylets projecting beyond the sheaths and into the sieve elements. Before penetrating a functional sieve element the aphid apparently flushes its stylets in order to clear them for ingestion of food. Salivary and food canals merge near the tips of the maxillary stylets to form a single canal, which ends short of the tips.
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