Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary We have produced a small library of colonic mucosa and colorectal carcinoma reactive monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) by immunizations with extracts of human colon cancer tissue and a human colon cancer cell line. Hybridoma supernatants were tested on (normal and neoplastic) human tissues by immunoperoxidase methods to evaluate organ or tissue specificity. Initial biochemical characterization of the target antigens was performed by gelpermeation chromatography, Western blotting and competition assays. Based upon the immunoreactivity patterns and the characteristics of the antigen four groups of MoAbs could be distinguished. The first group concerns the antibodies PAR-LAM 3, 9 and 10. These antibodies react with an 87 kDa protein moiety in high molecular weight (2–5×106 Da) glycoproteins. In intestinal and colon mucosa these antibodies showed diffuse binding with goblet cells. In colon carcinoma decreased reactivity with these MoAbs was found. The second group consists of antibodies PARLAM 8, 12 and 13. These antibodies react with large (〉5×106 Da) glycoproteins, most likely with carbohydrate epitopes. By immunohistochemistry in normal colon mucosa the antibodies all show granular supranuclear reactivity with goblet cells. These antibodies show increased reactivity with colon adenomas and adenocarcinomas. A third group is formed by PARLAM 2, which also reacts with a large (〉5×106 Da) glycoprotein, showing a granular distribution in goblet cells. In colon carcinomas more extensive expression is found than in normal colonic mucosa. Finally, the fourth group consists of PARLAM 11, which also reacts with a large (〉5×106 Da) glycoprotein, located in the brush border of colonic columnar cells. These antibodies might be useful tools for the analysis of the expression of mucin related glycoproteins in normal, preneoplastic and neoplastic colon mucosa.
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