Electron energy loss spectroscopy
Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Natural Sciences in General
The present report paper deals with the use of a photodiode array for recording electron energy loss spectra in a transmission electron microscope. Important properties of the array are outlined, together with a description of the circuitry needed for interfacing the output to a multichannel analyser.In the direct-exposure mode, the device can easily detect a single (80 or 100 keV) electron, allowing inner-shell energy losses between 200 eV and 2000 eV to be recorded in about 10 seconds. By signal averaging a large number of readouts, a dynamic range of at least 105 is possible. Irradiation damage to the array can be controlled by cooling the array and by various anealing procedures. Sensitivity and DQE are lower, but the dynamic range is higher in the indirect mode, where a fluorescent screen is used to convert the electrons into visible photons, which are then imaged onto the diodes. The choice of screen material and of optical coupling to the array are discussed. Several spectral artifacts are described, together with spectrum-processing techniques designed to remove them.
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