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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2003-04-19
    Description: Genetic analyses of permafrost and temperate sediments reveal that plant and animal DNA may be preserved for long periods, even in the absence of obvious macrofossils. In Siberia, five permafrost cores ranging from 400,000 to 10,000 years old contained at least 19 different plant taxa, including the oldest authenticated ancient DNA sequences known, and megafaunal sequences including mammoth, bison, and horse. The genetic data record a number of dramatic changes in the taxonomic diversity and composition of Beringian vegetation and fauna. Temperate cave sediments in New Zealand also yielded DNA sequences of extinct biota, including two species of ratite moa, and 29 plant taxa characteristic of the prehuman environment. Therefore, many sedimentary deposits may contain unique, and widespread, genetic records of paleoenvironments.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Willerslev, Eske -- Hansen, Anders J -- Binladen, Jonas -- Brand, Tina B -- Gilbert, M Thomas P -- Shapiro, Beth -- Bunce, Michael -- Wiuf, Carsten -- Gilichinsky, David A -- Cooper, Alan -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2003 May 2;300(5620):791-5. Epub 2003 Apr 17.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Evolutionary Biology, Zoological Institute, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, Denmark DK-2100 O.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12702808" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Angiosperms/classification/genetics ; Animals ; Base Sequence ; Bryopsida/classification/genetics ; Cloning, Molecular ; DNA/*analysis/genetics ; DNA, Chloroplast/analysis ; DNA, Mitochondrial/analysis/genetics ; DNA, Plant/*analysis/genetics ; Ecosystem ; Fossils ; *Geologic Sediments ; Gymnosperms/classification/genetics ; History, Ancient ; Mammals/classification/genetics ; New Zealand ; Phylogeny ; *Plants/classification ; Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Siberia ; *Soil ; *Vertebrates/classification/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2004-11-30
    Description: The widespread extinctions of large mammals at the end of the Pleistocene epoch have often been attributed to the depredations of humans; here we present genetic evidence that questions this assumption. We used ancient DNA and Bayesian techniques to reconstruct a detailed genetic history of bison throughout the late Pleistocene and Holocene epochs. Our analyses depict a large diverse population living throughout Beringia until around 37,000 years before the present, when the population's genetic diversity began to decline dramatically. The timing of this decline correlates with environmental changes associated with the onset of the last glacial cycle, whereas archaeological evidence does not support the presence of large populations of humans in Eastern Beringia until more than 15,000 years later.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Shapiro, Beth -- Drummond, Alexei J -- Rambaut, Andrew -- Wilson, Michael C -- Matheus, Paul E -- Sher, Andrei V -- Pybus, Oliver G -- Gilbert, M Thomas P -- Barnes, Ian -- Binladen, Jonas -- Willerslev, Eske -- Hansen, Anders J -- Baryshnikov, Gennady F -- Burns, James A -- Davydov, Sergei -- Driver, Jonathan C -- Froese, Duane G -- Harington, C Richard -- Keddie, Grant -- Kosintsev, Pavel -- Kunz, Michael L -- Martin, Larry D -- Stephenson, Robert O -- Storer, John -- Tedford, Richard -- Zimov, Sergei -- Cooper, Alan -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2004 Nov 26;306(5701):1561-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX13PS, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15567864" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alaska ; Animals ; Bayes Theorem ; *Bison/classification/genetics ; Canada ; China ; *Climate ; DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics ; Environment ; *Fossils ; Genetic Variation ; Genetics, Population ; Human Activities ; Humans ; North America ; Phylogeny ; Population Dynamics ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Time
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2008-04-05
    Description: The timing of the first human migration into the Americas and its relation to the appearance of the Clovis technological complex in North America at about 11,000 to 10,800 radiocarbon years before the present (14C years B.P.) remains contentious. We establish that humans were present at Paisley 5 Mile Point Caves, in south-central Oregon, by 12,300 14C years B.P., through the recovery of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from coprolites, directly dated by accelerator mass spectrometry. The mtDNA corresponds to Native American founding haplogroups A2 and B2. The dates of the coprolites are 〉1000 14C years earlier than currently accepted dates for the Clovis complex.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Gilbert, M Thomas P -- Jenkins, Dennis L -- Gotherstrom, Anders -- Naveran, Nuria -- Sanchez, Juan J -- Hofreiter, Michael -- Thomsen, Philip Francis -- Binladen, Jonas -- Higham, Thomas F G -- Yohe, Robert M 2nd -- Parr, Robert -- Cummings, Linda Scott -- Willerslev, Eske -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2008 May 9;320(5877):786-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1154116. Epub 2008 Apr 3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Centre for Ancient Genetics, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18388261" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Base Sequence ; Canidae/genetics ; *DNA, Mitochondrial ; *Emigration and Immigration ; *Feces ; *Fossils ; Humans ; Molecular Sequence Data ; North America ; Oregon ; Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide ; Sciuridae/genetics ; Sigmodontinae/genetics ; Time
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2008-05-31
    Description: The Paleo-Eskimo Saqqaq and Independence I cultures, documented from archaeological remains in Northern Canada and Greenland, represent the earliest human expansion into the New World's northern extremes. However, their origin and genetic relationship to later cultures are unknown. We sequenced a mitochondrial genome from a Paleo-Eskimo human by using 3400-to 4500-year-old frozen hair excavated from an early Greenlandic Saqqaq settlement. The sample is distinct from modern Native Americans and Neo-Eskimos, falling within haplogroup D2a1, a group previously observed among modern Aleuts and Siberian Sireniki Yuit. This result suggests that the earliest migrants into the New World's northern extremes derived from populations in the Bering Sea area and were not directly related to Native Americans or the later Neo-Eskimos that replaced them.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Gilbert, M Thomas P -- Kivisild, Toomas -- Gronnow, Bjarne -- Andersen, Pernille K -- Metspalu, Ene -- Reidla, Maere -- Tamm, Erika -- Axelsson, Erik -- Gotherstrom, Anders -- Campos, Paula F -- Rasmussen, Morten -- Metspalu, Mait -- Higham, Thomas F G -- Schwenninger, Jean-Luc -- Nathan, Roger -- De Hoog, Cees-Jan -- Koch, Anders -- Moller, Lone Nukaaraq -- Andreasen, Claus -- Meldgaard, Morten -- Villems, Richard -- Bendixen, Christian -- Willerslev, Eske -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2008 Jun 27;320(5884):1787-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1159750. Epub 2008 May 29.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Ancient Genetics, Department of Biology, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18511654" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics ; DNA, Mitochondrial/*genetics ; Emigration and Immigration ; Female ; Genetics, Population ; *Genome, Mitochondrial ; Greenland ; Hair/chemistry ; Haplotypes ; History, Ancient ; Humans ; Indians, North American/genetics ; Inuits/classification/*genetics/history ; Male ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide ; Sequence Analysis, DNA
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2012-03-03
    Description: It is commonly believed that trees were absent in Scandinavia during the last glaciation and first recolonized the Scandinavian Peninsula with the retreat of its ice sheet some 9000 years ago. Here, we show the presence of a rare mitochondrial DNA haplotype of spruce that appears unique to Scandinavia and with its highest frequency to the west-an area believed to sustain ice-free refugia during most of the last ice age. We further show the survival of DNA from this haplotype in lake sediments and pollen of Trondelag in central Norway dating back ~10,300 years and chloroplast DNA of pine and spruce in lake sediments adjacent to the ice-free Andoya refugium in northwestern Norway as early as ~22,000 and 17,700 years ago, respectively. Our findings imply that conifer trees survived in ice-free refugia of Scandinavia during the last glaciation, challenging current views on survival and spread of trees as a response to climate changes.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Parducci, Laura -- Jorgensen, Tina -- Tollefsrud, Mari Mette -- Elverland, Ellen -- Alm, Torbjorn -- Fontana, Sonia L -- Bennett, K D -- Haile, James -- Matetovici, Irina -- Suyama, Yoshihisa -- Edwards, Mary E -- Andersen, Kenneth -- Rasmussen, Morten -- Boessenkool, Sanne -- Coissac, Eric -- Brochmann, Christian -- Taberlet, Pierre -- Houmark-Nielsen, Michael -- Larsen, Nicolaj Krog -- Orlando, Ludovic -- Gilbert, M Thomas P -- Kjaer, Kurt H -- Alsos, Inger Greve -- Willerslev, Eske -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 Mar 2;335(6072):1083-6. doi: 10.1126/science.1216043.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22383845" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Base Sequence ; DNA, Chloroplast/genetics ; DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics ; *Ecosystem ; Europe ; *Fossils ; Geologic Sediments ; Haplotypes ; *Ice Cover ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutation ; Norway ; *Picea/genetics ; *Pinus/genetics ; Scandinavian and Nordic Countries ; Time
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2012-08-04
    Description: Global warming is predicted to have a profound impact on the Greenland Ice Sheet and its contribution to global sea-level rise. Recent mass loss in the northwest of Greenland has been substantial. Using aerial photographs, we produced digital elevation models and extended the time record of recent observed marginal dynamic thinning back to the mid-1980s. We reveal two independent dynamic ice loss events on the northwestern Greenland Ice Sheet margin: from 1985 to 1993 and 2005 to 2010, which were separated by limited mass changes. Our results suggest that the ice mass changes in this sector were primarily caused by short-lived dynamic ice loss events rather than changes in the surface mass balance. This finding challenges predictions about the future response of the Greenland Ice Sheet to increasing global temperatures.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Kjaer, Kurt H -- Khan, Shfaqat A -- Korsgaard, Niels J -- Wahr, John -- Bamber, Jonathan L -- Hurkmans, Ruud -- van den Broeke, Michiel -- Timm, Lars H -- Kjeldsen, Kristian K -- Bjork, Anders A -- Larsen, Nicolaj K -- Jorgensen, Lars Tyge -- Faerch-Jensen, Anders -- Willerslev, Eske -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 Aug 3;337(6094):569-73. doi: 10.1126/science.1220614.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. kurtk@snm.ku.dk〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22859486" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Computer Simulation ; *Global Warming ; Greenland ; *Ice Cover ; Models, Theoretical ; Photography
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-08-02
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Orlando, Ludovic -- Willerslev, Eske -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Aug 1;345(6196):511-2. doi: 10.1126/science.1256515.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Oster Voldgade 5-7, 1350K Copenhagen, Denmark. lorlando@snm.ku.dk. ; Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Oster Voldgade 5-7, 1350K Copenhagen, Denmark.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25082684" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biological Evolution ; Bone and Bones/chemistry/metabolism ; Chromatin/chemistry/metabolism ; *DNA Damage ; DNA Methylation ; *Epigenesis, Genetic ; Genome, Human ; Hair/chemistry/metabolism ; Humans ; Transcription, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2014-12-17
    Description: To better determine the history of modern birds, we performed a genome-scale phylogenetic analysis of 48 species representing all orders of Neoaves using phylogenomic methods created to handle genome-scale data. We recovered a highly resolved tree that confirms previously controversial sister or close relationships. We identified the first divergence in Neoaves, two groups we named Passerea and Columbea, representing independent lineages of diverse and convergently evolved land and water bird species. Among Passerea, we infer the common ancestor of core landbirds to have been an apex predator and confirm independent gains of vocal learning. Among Columbea, we identify pigeons and flamingoes as belonging to sister clades. Even with whole genomes, some of the earliest branches in Neoaves proved challenging to resolve, which was best explained by massive protein-coding sequence convergence and high levels of incomplete lineage sorting that occurred during a rapid radiation after the Cretaceous-Paleogene mass extinction event about 66 million years ago.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4405904/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4405904/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jarvis, Erich D -- Mirarab, Siavash -- Aberer, Andre J -- Li, Bo -- Houde, Peter -- Li, Cai -- Ho, Simon Y W -- Faircloth, Brant C -- Nabholz, Benoit -- Howard, Jason T -- Suh, Alexander -- Weber, Claudia C -- da Fonseca, Rute R -- Li, Jianwen -- Zhang, Fang -- Li, Hui -- Zhou, Long -- Narula, Nitish -- Liu, Liang -- Ganapathy, Ganesh -- Boussau, Bastien -- Bayzid, Md Shamsuzzoha -- Zavidovych, Volodymyr -- Subramanian, Sankar -- Gabaldon, Toni -- Capella-Gutierrez, Salvador -- Huerta-Cepas, Jaime -- Rekepalli, Bhanu -- Munch, Kasper -- Schierup, Mikkel -- Lindow, Bent -- Warren, Wesley C -- Ray, David -- Green, Richard E -- Bruford, Michael W -- Zhan, Xiangjiang -- Dixon, Andrew -- Li, Shengbin -- Li, Ning -- Huang, Yinhua -- Derryberry, Elizabeth P -- Bertelsen, Mads Frost -- Sheldon, Frederick H -- Brumfield, Robb T -- Mello, Claudio V -- Lovell, Peter V -- Wirthlin, Morgan -- Schneider, Maria Paula Cruz -- Prosdocimi, Francisco -- Samaniego, Jose Alfredo -- Vargas Velazquez, Amhed Missael -- Alfaro-Nunez, Alonzo -- Campos, Paula F -- Petersen, Bent -- Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas -- Pas, An -- Bailey, Tom -- Scofield, Paul -- Bunce, Michael -- Lambert, David M -- Zhou, Qi -- Perelman, Polina -- Driskell, Amy C -- Shapiro, Beth -- Xiong, Zijun -- Zeng, Yongli -- Liu, Shiping -- Li, Zhenyu -- Liu, Binghang -- Wu, Kui -- Xiao, Jin -- Yinqi, Xiong -- Zheng, Qiuemei -- Zhang, Yong -- Yang, Huanming -- Wang, Jian -- Smeds, Linnea -- Rheindt, Frank E -- Braun, Michael -- Fjeldsa, Jon -- Orlando, Ludovic -- Barker, F Keith -- Jonsson, Knud Andreas -- Johnson, Warren -- Koepfli, Klaus-Peter -- O'Brien, Stephen -- Haussler, David -- Ryder, Oliver A -- Rahbek, Carsten -- Willerslev, Eske -- Graves, Gary R -- Glenn, Travis C -- McCormack, John -- Burt, Dave -- Ellegren, Hans -- Alstrom, Per -- Edwards, Scott V -- Stamatakis, Alexandros -- Mindell, David P -- Cracraft, Joel -- Braun, Edward L -- Warnow, Tandy -- Jun, Wang -- Gilbert, M Thomas P -- Zhang, Guojie -- DP1 OD000448/OD/NIH HHS/ -- DP1OD000448/OD/NIH HHS/ -- R24 GM092842/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Dec 12;346(6215):1320-31. doi: 10.1126/science.1253451.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Neurobiology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. jarvis@neuro.duke.edu tandywarnow@gmail.com mtpgilbert@gmail.com wangj@genomics.cn zhanggj@genomics.cn. ; Department of Computer Science, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA. ; Scientific Computing Group, Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies, Heidelberg, Germany. ; China National GeneBank, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083, China. College of Medicine and Forensics, Xi'an Jiaotong University Xi'an 710061, China. Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Oster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark. ; Department of Biology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA. ; China National GeneBank, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083, China. Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Oster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark. ; School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia. ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. ; CNRS UMR 5554, Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier, Universite Montpellier II Montpellier, France. ; Department of Neurobiology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. ; Department of Evolutionary Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, SE-752 36 Uppsala Sweden. ; Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Oster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark. ; China National GeneBank, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083, China. ; Department of Biology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA. Biodiversity and Biocomplexity Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Onna-son, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan. ; Department of Statistics and Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. ; Laboratoire de Biometrie et Biologie Evolutive, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Lyon, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France. ; Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia. ; Bioinformatics and Genomics Programme, Centre for Genomic Regulation, Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain. Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain. Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, Barcelona, Spain. ; Bioinformatics and Genomics Programme, Centre for Genomic Regulation, Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain. Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain. ; Joint Institute for Computational Sciences, The University of Tennessee, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA. ; Bioinformatics Research Centre, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. ; The Genome Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MI 63108, USA. ; Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Entomology and Plant Pathology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA. Institute for Genomics, Biocomputing and Biotechnology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA. Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA. ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC), Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA. ; Organisms and Environment Division, Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University Cardiff CF10 3AX, Wales, UK. ; Organisms and Environment Division, Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University Cardiff CF10 3AX, Wales, UK. Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. ; International Wildlife Consultants, Carmarthen SA33 5YL, Wales, UK. ; College of Medicine and Forensics, Xi'an Jiaotong University Xi'an, 710061, China. ; State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China. ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA. Museum of Natural Science and Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. ; Center for Zoo and Wild Animal Health, Copenhagen Zoo Roskildevej 38, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark. ; Museum of Natural Science and Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. ; Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA. Brazilian Avian Genome Consortium (CNPq/FAPESPA-SISBIO Aves), Federal University of Para, Belem, Para, Brazil. ; Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA. ; Brazilian Avian Genome Consortium (CNPq/FAPESPA-SISBIO Aves), Federal University of Para, Belem, Para, Brazil. Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Para, Belem, Para, Brazil. ; Brazilian Avian Genome Consortium (CNPq/FAPESPA-SISBIO Aves), Federal University of Para, Belem, Para, Brazil. Institute of Medical Biochemistry Leopoldo de Meis, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro RJ 21941-902, Brazil. ; Centre for Biological Sequence Analysis, Department of Systems Biology, Technical University of Denmark Kemitorvet 208, 2800 Kgs Lyngby, Denmark. ; Breeding Centre for Endangered Arabian Wildlife, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. ; Dubai Falcon Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ; Canterbury Museum Rolleston Avenue, Christchurch 8050, New Zealand. ; Trace and Environmental DNA Laboratory Department of Environment and Agriculture, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia 6102, Australia. ; Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. ; Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute Frederick, MD 21702, USA. Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, SB RAS and Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia. ; Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20013, USA. ; BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083, China. ; Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Republic of Singapore. ; Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Suitland, MD 20746, USA. ; Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark. ; Bell Museum of Natural History, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA. ; Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark. Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK. Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK. ; Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, Front Royal, VA 22630, USA. ; Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, Washington, DC 20008, USA. ; Theodosius Dobzhansky Center for Genome Bioinformatics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia 199004. Oceanographic Center, Nova Southeastern University, Ft Lauderdale, FL 33004, USA. ; Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering, UCSC, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA. ; San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research, Escondido, CA 92027, USA. ; Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark. Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK. ; Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark. Department of Vertebrate Zoology, MRC-116, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013, USA. ; Department of Environmental Health Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. ; Moore Laboratory of Zoology and Department of Biology, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 90041, USA. ; Department of Genomics and Genetics, The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Campus, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK. ; Swedish Species Information Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Box 7007, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden. Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. ; Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. ; Scientific Computing Group, Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies, Heidelberg, Germany. Institute of Theoretical Informatics, Department of Informatics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, D- 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany. ; Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. ; Department of Ornithology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024, USA. ; Department of Biology and Genetics Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. ; Department of Computer Science, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA. Departments of Bioengineering and Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. jarvis@neuro.duke.edu tandywarnow@gmail.com mtpgilbert@gmail.com wangj@genomics.cn zhanggj@genomics.cn. ; BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083, China. Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Ole Maaloes Vej 5, 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark. Princess Al Jawhara Center of Excellence in the Research of Hereditary Disorders, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. Macau University of Science and Technology, Avenida Wai long, Taipa, Macau 999078, China. Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. jarvis@neuro.duke.edu tandywarnow@gmail.com mtpgilbert@gmail.com wangj@genomics.cn zhanggj@genomics.cn. ; Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Oster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark. Trace and Environmental DNA Laboratory Department of Environment and Agriculture, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia 6102, Australia. jarvis@neuro.duke.edu tandywarnow@gmail.com mtpgilbert@gmail.com wangj@genomics.cn zhanggj@genomics.cn. ; China National GeneBank, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083, China. Centre for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, Universitetsparken 15, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. jarvis@neuro.duke.edu tandywarnow@gmail.com mtpgilbert@gmail.com wangj@genomics.cn zhanggj@genomics.cn.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25504713" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Avian Proteins/genetics ; Base Sequence ; Biological Evolution ; Birds/classification/*genetics ; DNA Transposable Elements ; Genes ; Genetic Speciation ; *Genome ; INDEL Mutation ; Introns ; *Phylogeny ; Sequence Analysis, DNA
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2006-12-23
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Glenner, Henrik -- Thomsen, Philip Francis -- Hebsgaard, Martin Bay -- Sorensen, Martin Vinther -- Willerslev, Eske -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2006 Dec 22;314(5807):1883-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Centre for Ancient Genetics, Department of Evolutionary Biology, Biological Institute, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. ewillerslev@bi.ku.dk〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17185588" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptation, Biological ; Animals ; *Biological Evolution ; *Crustacea/anatomy & histology/classification/genetics/physiology ; Ecosystem ; Fossils ; Fresh Water ; *Insects/anatomy & histology/classification/genetics/physiology ; Phylogeny ; Seawater ; Time
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2007-09-29
    Description: Although the application of sequencing-by-synthesis techniques to DNA extracted from bones has revolutionized the study of ancient DNA, it has been plagued by large fractions of contaminating environmental DNA. The genetic analyses of hair shafts could be a solution: We present 10 previously unexamined Siberian mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) mitochondrial genomes, sequenced with up to 48-fold coverage. The observed levels of damage-derived sequencing errors were lower than those observed in previously published frozen bone samples, even though one of the specimens was 〉50,000 14C years old and another had been stored for 200 years at room temperature. The method therefore sets the stage for molecular-genetic analysis of museum collections.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Gilbert, M Thomas P -- Tomsho, Lynn P -- Rendulic, Snjezana -- Packard, Michael -- Drautz, Daniela I -- Sher, Andrei -- Tikhonov, Alexei -- Dalen, Love -- Kuznetsova, Tatyana -- Kosintsev, Pavel -- Campos, Paula F -- Higham, Thomas -- Collins, Matthew J -- Wilson, Andrew S -- Shidlovskiy, Fyodor -- Buigues, Bernard -- Ericson, Per G P -- Germonpre, Mietje -- Gotherstrom, Anders -- Iacumin, Paola -- Nikolaev, Vladimir -- Nowak-Kemp, Malgosia -- Willerslev, Eske -- Knight, James R -- Irzyk, Gerard P -- Perbost, Clotilde S -- Fredrikson, Karin M -- Harkins, Timothy T -- Sheridan, Sharon -- Miller, Webb -- Schuster, Stephan C -- HG002238/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2007 Sep 28;317(5846):1927-30.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Centre for Ancient Genetics, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17901335" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Bone and Bones/chemistry ; DNA Damage ; DNA, Mitochondrial/chemistry/genetics/*history ; Elephants/*genetics ; Genes, Mitochondrial ; *Genome ; *Hair/chemistry/ultrastructure ; History, Ancient ; Mitochondria/*genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Preservation, Biological ; *Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Siberia ; Temperature
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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