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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-10-14
    Description: The comparison of related genomes has emerged as a powerful lens for genome interpretation. Here we report the sequencing and comparative analysis of 29 eutherian genomes. We confirm that at least 5.5% of the human genome has undergone purifying selection, and locate constrained elements covering approximately 4.2% of the genome. We use evolutionary signatures and comparisons with experimental data sets to suggest candidate functions for approximately 60% of constrained bases. These elements reveal a small number of new coding exons, candidate stop codon readthrough events and over 10,000 regions of overlapping synonymous constraint within protein-coding exons. We find 220 candidate RNA structural families, and nearly a million elements overlapping potential promoter, enhancer and insulator regions. We report specific amino acid residues that have undergone positive selection, 280,000 non-coding elements exapted from mobile elements and more than 1,000 primate- and human-accelerated elements. Overlap with disease-associated variants indicates that our findings will be relevant for studies of human biology, health and disease.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3207357/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3207357/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Garber, Manuel -- Zuk, Or -- Lin, Michael F -- Parker, Brian J -- Washietl, Stefan -- Kheradpour, Pouya -- Ernst, Jason -- Jordan, Gregory -- Mauceli, Evan -- Ward, Lucas D -- Lowe, Craig B -- Holloway, Alisha K -- Clamp, Michele -- Gnerre, Sante -- Alfoldi, Jessica -- Beal, Kathryn -- Chang, Jean -- Clawson, Hiram -- Cuff, James -- Di Palma, Federica -- Fitzgerald, Stephen -- Flicek, Paul -- Guttman, Mitchell -- Hubisz, Melissa J -- Jaffe, David B -- Jungreis, Irwin -- Kent, W James -- Kostka, Dennis -- Lara, Marcia -- Martins, Andre L -- Massingham, Tim -- Moltke, Ida -- Raney, Brian J -- Rasmussen, Matthew D -- Robinson, Jim -- Stark, Alexander -- Vilella, Albert J -- Wen, Jiayu -- Xie, Xiaohui -- Zody, Michael C -- Broad Institute Sequencing Platform and Whole Genome Assembly Team -- Baldwin, Jen -- Bloom, Toby -- Chin, Chee Whye -- Heiman, Dave -- Nicol, Robert -- Nusbaum, Chad -- Young, Sarah -- Wilkinson, Jane -- Worley, Kim C -- Kovar, Christie L -- Muzny, Donna M -- Gibbs, Richard A -- Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Center Sequencing Team -- Cree, Andrew -- Dihn, Huyen H -- Fowler, Gerald -- Jhangiani, Shalili -- Joshi, Vandita -- Lee, Sandra -- Lewis, Lora R -- Nazareth, Lynne V -- Okwuonu, Geoffrey -- Santibanez, Jireh -- Warren, Wesley C -- Mardis, Elaine R -- Weinstock, George M -- Wilson, Richard K -- Genome Institute at Washington University -- Delehaunty, Kim -- Dooling, David -- Fronik, Catrina -- Fulton, Lucinda -- Fulton, Bob -- Graves, Tina -- Minx, Patrick -- Sodergren, Erica -- Birney, Ewan -- Margulies, Elliott H -- Herrero, Javier -- Green, Eric D -- Haussler, David -- Siepel, Adam -- Goldman, Nick -- Pollard, Katherine S -- Pedersen, Jakob S -- Lander, Eric S -- Kellis, Manolis -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- GM82901/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG004037/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067-09/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003273/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Oct 12;478(7370):476-82. doi: 10.1038/nature10530.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. kersli@broadinstitute.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21993624" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Disease ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Exons/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Genomics ; Health ; Humans ; Mammals/*genetics ; Molecular Sequence Annotation ; Phylogeny ; RNA/classification/genetics ; Selection, Genetic/genetics ; Sequence Alignment ; Sequence Analysis, DNA
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-04-07
    Description: Marine stickleback fish have colonized and adapted to thousands of streams and lakes formed since the last ice age, providing an exceptional opportunity to characterize genomic mechanisms underlying repeated ecological adaptation in nature. Here we develop a high-quality reference genome assembly for threespine sticklebacks. By sequencing the genomes of twenty additional individuals from a global set of marine and freshwater populations, we identify a genome-wide set of loci that are consistently associated with marine-freshwater divergence. Our results indicate that reuse of globally shared standing genetic variation, including chromosomal inversions, has an important role in repeated evolution of distinct marine and freshwater sticklebacks, and in the maintenance of divergent ecotypes during early stages of reproductive isolation. Both coding and regulatory changes occur in the set of loci underlying marine-freshwater evolution, but regulatory changes appear to predominate in this well known example of repeated adaptive evolution in nature.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322419/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322419/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jones, Felicity C -- Grabherr, Manfred G -- Chan, Yingguang Frank -- Russell, Pamela -- Mauceli, Evan -- Johnson, Jeremy -- Swofford, Ross -- Pirun, Mono -- Zody, Michael C -- White, Simon -- Birney, Ewan -- Searle, Stephen -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Grimwood, Jane -- Dickson, Mark C -- Myers, Richard M -- Miller, Craig T -- Summers, Brian R -- Knecht, Anne K -- Brady, Shannon D -- Zhang, Haili -- Pollen, Alex A -- Howes, Timothy -- Amemiya, Chris -- Broad Institute Genome Sequencing Platform & Whole Genome Assembly Team -- Baldwin, Jen -- Bloom, Toby -- Jaffe, David B -- Nicol, Robert -- Wilkinson, Jane -- Lander, Eric S -- Di Palma, Federica -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Kingsley, David M -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- P50 HG002568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50 HG002568-09/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50 HG002568-09S1/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50-HG002568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Apr 4;484(7392):55-61. doi: 10.1038/nature10944.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Developmental Biology, Beckman Center B300, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford California 94305, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22481358" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptation, Physiological/*genetics ; Alaska ; Animals ; Aquatic Organisms/genetics ; *Biological Evolution ; Chromosome Inversion/genetics ; Chromosomes/genetics ; Conserved Sequence/genetics ; Ecotype ; Female ; Fresh Water ; Genetic Variation/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Seawater ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Smegmamorpha/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-04-20
    Description: The discovery of a living coelacanth specimen in 1938 was remarkable, as this lineage of lobe-finned fish was thought to have become extinct 70 million years ago. The modern coelacanth looks remarkably similar to many of its ancient relatives, and its evolutionary proximity to our own fish ancestors provides a glimpse of the fish that first walked on land. Here we report the genome sequence of the African coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae. Through a phylogenomic analysis, we conclude that the lungfish, and not the coelacanth, is the closest living relative of tetrapods. Coelacanth protein-coding genes are significantly more slowly evolving than those of tetrapods, unlike other genomic features. Analyses of changes in genes and regulatory elements during the vertebrate adaptation to land highlight genes involved in immunity, nitrogen excretion and the development of fins, tail, ear, eye, brain and olfaction. Functional assays of enhancers involved in the fin-to-limb transition and in the emergence of extra-embryonic tissues show the importance of the coelacanth genome as a blueprint for understanding tetrapod evolution.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3633110/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3633110/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Amemiya, Chris T -- Alfoldi, Jessica -- Lee, Alison P -- Fan, Shaohua -- Philippe, Herve -- Maccallum, Iain -- Braasch, Ingo -- Manousaki, Tereza -- Schneider, Igor -- Rohner, Nicolas -- Organ, Chris -- Chalopin, Domitille -- Smith, Jeramiah J -- Robinson, Mark -- Dorrington, Rosemary A -- Gerdol, Marco -- Aken, Bronwen -- Biscotti, Maria Assunta -- Barucca, Marco -- Baurain, Denis -- Berlin, Aaron M -- Blatch, Gregory L -- Buonocore, Francesco -- Burmester, Thorsten -- Campbell, Michael S -- Canapa, Adriana -- Cannon, John P -- Christoffels, Alan -- De Moro, Gianluca -- Edkins, Adrienne L -- Fan, Lin -- Fausto, Anna Maria -- Feiner, Nathalie -- Forconi, Mariko -- Gamieldien, Junaid -- Gnerre, Sante -- Gnirke, Andreas -- Goldstone, Jared V -- Haerty, Wilfried -- Hahn, Mark E -- Hesse, Uljana -- Hoffmann, Steve -- Johnson, Jeremy -- Karchner, Sibel I -- Kuraku, Shigehiro -- Lara, Marcia -- Levin, Joshua Z -- Litman, Gary W -- Mauceli, Evan -- Miyake, Tsutomu -- Mueller, M Gail -- Nelson, David R -- Nitsche, Anne -- Olmo, Ettore -- Ota, Tatsuya -- Pallavicini, Alberto -- Panji, Sumir -- Picone, Barbara -- Ponting, Chris P -- Prohaska, Sonja J -- Przybylski, Dariusz -- Saha, Nil Ratan -- Ravi, Vydianathan -- Ribeiro, Filipe J -- Sauka-Spengler, Tatjana -- Scapigliati, Giuseppe -- Searle, Stephen M J -- Sharpe, Ted -- Simakov, Oleg -- Stadler, Peter F -- Stegeman, John J -- Sumiyama, Kenta -- Tabbaa, Diana -- Tafer, Hakim -- Turner-Maier, Jason -- van Heusden, Peter -- White, Simon -- Williams, Louise -- Yandell, Mark -- Brinkmann, Henner -- Volff, Jean-Nicolas -- Tabin, Clifford J -- Shubin, Neil -- Schartl, Manfred -- Jaffe, David B -- Postlethwait, John H -- Venkatesh, Byrappa -- Di Palma, Federica -- Lander, Eric S -- Meyer, Axel -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- MC_U137761446/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- P42 ES007381/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ -- R01 ES006272/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 OD011116/OD/NIH HHS/ -- R24 OD011199/OD/NIH HHS/ -- R24 RR032670/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- R37 HD032443/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Apr 18;496(7445):311-6. doi: 10.1038/nature12027.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Molecular Genetics Program, Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA. camemiya@benaroyaresearch.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23598338" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Animals, Genetically Modified ; *Biological Evolution ; Chick Embryo ; Conserved Sequence/genetics ; Enhancer Elements, Genetic/genetics ; Evolution, Molecular ; Extremities/anatomy & histology/growth & development ; Fishes/anatomy & histology/*classification/*genetics/physiology ; Genes, Homeobox/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Immunoglobulin M/genetics ; Mice ; Molecular Sequence Annotation ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Sequence Alignment ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Vertebrates/anatomy & histology/genetics/physiology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-09-02
    Description: The evolution of the amniotic egg was one of the great evolutionary innovations in the history of life, freeing vertebrates from an obligatory connection to water and thus permitting the conquest of terrestrial environments. Among amniotes, genome sequences are available for mammals and birds, but not for non-avian reptiles. Here we report the genome sequence of the North American green anole lizard, Anolis carolinensis. We find that A. carolinensis microchromosomes are highly syntenic with chicken microchromosomes, yet do not exhibit the high GC and low repeat content that are characteristic of avian microchromosomes. Also, A. carolinensis mobile elements are very young and diverse-more so than in any other sequenced amniote genome. The GC content of this lizard genome is also unusual in its homogeneity, unlike the regionally variable GC content found in mammals and birds. We describe and assign sequence to the previously unknown A. carolinensis X chromosome. Comparative gene analysis shows that amniote egg proteins have evolved significantly more rapidly than other proteins. An anole phylogeny resolves basal branches to illuminate the history of their repeated adaptive radiations.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3184186/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3184186/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Alfoldi, Jessica -- Di Palma, Federica -- Grabherr, Manfred -- Williams, Christina -- Kong, Lesheng -- Mauceli, Evan -- Russell, Pamela -- Lowe, Craig B -- Glor, Richard E -- Jaffe, Jacob D -- Ray, David A -- Boissinot, Stephane -- Shedlock, Andrew M -- Botka, Christopher -- Castoe, Todd A -- Colbourne, John K -- Fujita, Matthew K -- Moreno, Ricardo Godinez -- ten Hallers, Boudewijn F -- Haussler, David -- Heger, Andreas -- Heiman, David -- Janes, Daniel E -- Johnson, Jeremy -- de Jong, Pieter J -- Koriabine, Maxim Y -- Lara, Marcia -- Novick, Peter A -- Organ, Chris L -- Peach, Sally E -- Poe, Steven -- Pollock, David D -- de Queiroz, Kevin -- Sanger, Thomas -- Searle, Steve -- Smith, Jeremy D -- Smith, Zachary -- Swofford, Ross -- Turner-Maier, Jason -- Wade, Juli -- Young, Sarah -- Zadissa, Amonida -- Edwards, Scott V -- Glenn, Travis C -- Schneider, Christopher J -- Losos, Jonathan B -- Lander, Eric S -- Breen, Matthew -- Ponting, Chris P -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- BB/F007590/1/Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- MC_U137761446/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067-08/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Aug 31;477(7366):587-91. doi: 10.1038/nature10390.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. jalfoldi@broadinstitute.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21881562" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Birds/*genetics ; Chickens/genetics ; *Evolution, Molecular ; GC Rich Sequence/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Humans ; Lizards/*genetics ; Mammals/*genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Synteny/genetics ; X Chromosome/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2007-09-08
    Description: We sequenced and annotated the genome of the filamentous fungus Fusarium graminearum, a major pathogen of cultivated cereals. Very few repetitive sequences were detected, and the process of repeat-induced point mutation, in which duplicated sequences are subject to extensive mutation, may partially account for the reduced repeat content and apparent low number of paralogous (ancestrally duplicated) genes. A second strain of F. graminearum contained more than 10,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms, which were frequently located near telomeres and within other discrete chromosomal segments. Many highly polymorphic regions contained sets of genes implicated in plant-fungus interactions and were unusually divergent, with higher rates of recombination. These regions of genome innovation may result from selection due to interactions of F. graminearum with its plant hosts.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Cuomo, Christina A -- Guldener, Ulrich -- Xu, Jin-Rong -- Trail, Frances -- Turgeon, B Gillian -- Di Pietro, Antonio -- Walton, Jonathan D -- Ma, Li-Jun -- Baker, Scott E -- Rep, Martijn -- Adam, Gerhard -- Antoniw, John -- Baldwin, Thomas -- Calvo, Sarah -- Chang, Yueh-Long -- Decaprio, David -- Gale, Liane R -- Gnerre, Sante -- Goswami, Rubella S -- Hammond-Kosack, Kim -- Harris, Linda J -- Hilburn, Karen -- Kennell, John C -- Kroken, Scott -- Magnuson, Jon K -- Mannhaupt, Gertrud -- Mauceli, Evan -- Mewes, Hans-Werner -- Mitterbauer, Rudolf -- Muehlbauer, Gary -- Munsterkotter, Martin -- Nelson, David -- O'donnell, Kerry -- Ouellet, Therese -- Qi, Weihong -- Quesneville, Hadi -- Roncero, M Isabel G -- Seong, Kye-Yong -- Tetko, Igor V -- Urban, Martin -- Waalwijk, Cees -- Ward, Todd J -- Yao, Jiqiang -- Birren, Bruce W -- Kistler, H Corby -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2007 Sep 7;317(5843):1400-2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17823352" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: DNA, Fungal ; Evolution, Molecular ; Fusarium/*genetics/physiology ; *Genome, Fungal ; Hordeum/microbiology ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Plant Diseases/microbiology ; Point Mutation ; *Polymorphism, Genetic ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide ; Sequence Analysis, DNA
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2009-11-07
    Description: We report a high-quality draft sequence of the genome of the horse (Equus caballus). The genome is relatively repetitive but has little segmental duplication. Chromosomes appear to have undergone few historical rearrangements: 53% of equine chromosomes show conserved synteny to a single human chromosome. Equine chromosome 11 is shown to have an evolutionary new centromere devoid of centromeric satellite DNA, suggesting that centromeric function may arise before satellite repeat accumulation. Linkage disequilibrium, showing the influences of early domestication of large herds of female horses, is intermediate in length between dog and human, and there is long-range haplotype sharing among breeds.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3785132/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3785132/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Wade, C M -- Giulotto, E -- Sigurdsson, S -- Zoli, M -- Gnerre, S -- Imsland, F -- Lear, T L -- Adelson, D L -- Bailey, E -- Bellone, R R -- Blocker, H -- Distl, O -- Edgar, R C -- Garber, M -- Leeb, T -- Mauceli, E -- MacLeod, J N -- Penedo, M C T -- Raison, J M -- Sharpe, T -- Vogel, J -- Andersson, L -- Antczak, D F -- Biagi, T -- Binns, M M -- Chowdhary, B P -- Coleman, S J -- Della Valle, G -- Fryc, S -- Guerin, G -- Hasegawa, T -- Hill, E W -- Jurka, J -- Kiialainen, A -- Lindgren, G -- Liu, J -- Magnani, E -- Mickelson, J R -- Murray, J -- Nergadze, S G -- Onofrio, R -- Pedroni, S -- Piras, M F -- Raudsepp, T -- Rocchi, M -- Roed, K H -- Ryder, O A -- Searle, S -- Skow, L -- Swinburne, J E -- Syvanen, A C -- Tozaki, T -- Valberg, S J -- Vaudin, M -- White, J R -- Zody, M C -- Broad Institute Genome Sequencing Platform -- Broad Institute Whole Genome Assembly Team -- Lander, E S -- Lindblad-Toh, K -- 098051/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2009 Nov 6;326(5954):865-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1178158.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. c.wade@usyd.edu.au〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19892987" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Animals, Domestic/genetics ; Centromere/genetics ; Chromosome Mapping ; Chromosomes, Mammalian/*genetics ; Computational Biology ; DNA Copy Number Variations ; Dogs ; Evolution, Molecular ; Female ; Genes ; *Genome ; Haplotypes ; Horses/*genetics ; Humans ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid ; *Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Synteny
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2007-05-19
    Description: We present a draft sequence of the genome of Aedes aegypti, the primary vector for yellow fever and dengue fever, which at approximately 1376 million base pairs is about 5 times the size of the genome of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. Nearly 50% of the Ae. aegypti genome consists of transposable elements. These contribute to a factor of approximately 4 to 6 increase in average gene length and in sizes of intergenic regions relative to An. gambiae and Drosophila melanogaster. Nonetheless, chromosomal synteny is generally maintained among all three insects, although conservation of orthologous gene order is higher (by a factor of approximately 2) between the mosquito species than between either of them and the fruit fly. An increase in genes encoding odorant binding, cytochrome P450, and cuticle domains relative to An. gambiae suggests that members of these protein families underpin some of the biological differences between the two mosquito species.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2868357/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2868357/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Nene, Vishvanath -- Wortman, Jennifer R -- Lawson, Daniel -- Haas, Brian -- Kodira, Chinnappa -- Tu, Zhijian Jake -- Loftus, Brendan -- Xi, Zhiyong -- Megy, Karyn -- Grabherr, Manfred -- Ren, Quinghu -- Zdobnov, Evgeny M -- Lobo, Neil F -- Campbell, Kathryn S -- Brown, Susan E -- Bonaldo, Maria F -- Zhu, Jingsong -- Sinkins, Steven P -- Hogenkamp, David G -- Amedeo, Paolo -- Arensburger, Peter -- Atkinson, Peter W -- Bidwell, Shelby -- Biedler, Jim -- Birney, Ewan -- Bruggner, Robert V -- Costas, Javier -- Coy, Monique R -- Crabtree, Jonathan -- Crawford, Matt -- Debruyn, Becky -- Decaprio, David -- Eiglmeier, Karin -- Eisenstadt, Eric -- El-Dorry, Hamza -- Gelbart, William M -- Gomes, Suely L -- Hammond, Martin -- Hannick, Linda I -- Hogan, James R -- Holmes, Michael H -- Jaffe, David -- Johnston, J Spencer -- Kennedy, Ryan C -- Koo, Hean -- Kravitz, Saul -- Kriventseva, Evgenia V -- Kulp, David -- Labutti, Kurt -- Lee, Eduardo -- Li, Song -- Lovin, Diane D -- Mao, Chunhong -- Mauceli, Evan -- Menck, Carlos F M -- Miller, Jason R -- Montgomery, Philip -- Mori, Akio -- Nascimento, Ana L -- Naveira, Horacio F -- Nusbaum, Chad -- O'leary, Sinead -- Orvis, Joshua -- Pertea, Mihaela -- Quesneville, Hadi -- Reidenbach, Kyanne R -- Rogers, Yu-Hui -- Roth, Charles W -- Schneider, Jennifer R -- Schatz, Michael -- Shumway, Martin -- Stanke, Mario -- Stinson, Eric O -- Tubio, Jose M C -- Vanzee, Janice P -- Verjovski-Almeida, Sergio -- Werner, Doreen -- White, Owen -- Wyder, Stefan -- Zeng, Qiandong -- Zhao, Qi -- Zhao, Yongmei -- Hill, Catherine A -- Raikhel, Alexander S -- Soares, Marcelo B -- Knudson, Dennis L -- Lee, Norman H -- Galagan, James -- Salzberg, Steven L -- Paulsen, Ian T -- Dimopoulos, George -- Collins, Frank H -- Birren, Bruce -- Fraser-Liggett, Claire M -- Severson, David W -- 079059/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 5 R01 AI61576-2/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI059492/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 LM006845/LM/NLM NIH HHS/ -- R01 LM006845-08/LM/NLM NIH HHS/ -- R37 AI024716/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UO1 AI50936/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2007 Jun 22;316(5832):1718-23. Epub 2007 May 17.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Institute for Genomic Research, 9712 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, USA. nene@tigr.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17510324" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aedes/*genetics/metabolism ; Animals ; Anopheles gambiae/genetics/metabolism ; Arboviruses ; Base Sequence ; DNA Transposable Elements ; Dengue/prevention & control/transmission ; Drosophila melanogaster/genetics ; Female ; Genes, Insect ; *Genome, Insect ; Humans ; Insect Proteins/genetics ; Insect Vectors/*genetics/metabolism ; Male ; Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Multigene Family ; Protein Structure, Tertiary/genetics ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Sex Characteristics ; Sex Determination Processes ; Species Specificity ; Synteny ; Transcription, Genetic ; Yellow Fever/prevention & control/transmission
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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    Publication Date: 2011-06-01
    Description: Rust fungi are some of the most devastating pathogens of crop plants. They are obligate biotrophs, which extract nutrients only from living plant tissues and cannot grow apart from their hosts. Their lifestyle has slowed the dissection of molecular mechanisms underlying host invasion and avoidance or suppression of plant innate immunity. We sequenced the 101-Mb genome of Melampsora larici-populina, the causal agent of poplar leaf rust, and the 89-Mb genome of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, the causal agent of wheat and barley stem rust. We then compared the 16,399 predicted proteins of M. larici-populina with the 17,773 predicted proteins of P. graminis f. sp tritici. Genomic features related to their obligate biotrophic lifestyle include expanded lineage-specific gene families, a large repertoire of effector-like small secreted proteins, impaired nitrogen and sulfur assimilation pathways, and expanded families of amino acid and oligopeptide membrane transporters. The dramatic up-regulation of transcripts coding for small secreted proteins, secreted hydrolytic enzymes, and transporters in planta suggests that they play a role in host infection and nutrient acquisition. Some of these genomic hallmarks are mirrored in the genomes of other microbial eukaryotes that have independently evolved to infect plants, indicating convergent adaptation to a biotrophic existence inside plant cells.
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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    Publication Date: 2015-06-14
    Description: : Whiteboard is a class library implemented in C++ that enables visualization to be tightly coupled with computation when analyzing large and complex datasets. Availability and implementation: the C++ source code, coding samples and documentation are freely available under the Lesser General Public License from http://whiteboard-class.sourceforge.net/ . Contact: emauceli@parabasegenomics.com .
    Print ISSN: 1367-4803
    Electronic ISSN: 1460-2059
    Topics: Biology , Computer Science , Medicine
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