The Kalman Earth Orientation Filter (KEOF) is used at JPL to combine independent observations of the Earth's rotation parameters, producing smoothed, interpolated estimates of polar motion (PM) and UT1-TAI, as well as estimates of their excitation functions such as the length-of-day (lod). Prior to their combination, adjustments to the data sets are made in order to place them within a common reference frame. Recently, a number of lod data sets have been determined at JPL by combining the observations summarized in Table 1. The resulting lod data sets, summarized in Table 2, span different time intervals depending upon the particular subset of observations being combined, with the longest series, spanning 1630-1990, being obtained by combining all of the observations. The determination of these lod data sets and their comparison with series of climate indicators such as the Southern Oscillation Index will be discussed.
EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union