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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A physically based numerical model was developed of heat and moisture flow within a hillslope on a parallel architecture computer, as a precursor to a model of a complete catchment. Moisture flow within a catchment includes evaporation, overland flow, flow in unsaturated soil, and flow in saturated soil. Because of the empirical evidence that moisture flow in unsaturated soil is mainly in the vertical direction, flow in the unsaturated zone can be modeled as a series of one dimensional columns. This initial version of the hillslope model includes evaporation and a single column of one dimensional unsaturated zone flow. This case has already been solved on an IBM 3081 computer and is now being applied to the massively parallel processor architecture so as to make the extension to the one dimensional case easier and to check the problems and benefits of using a parallel architecture machine.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: Frontiers of Massively Parallel Scientific Computation; p 19-26
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0770
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Computer Science , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Partitioning a set ofN patterns in ad-dimensional metric space intoK clusters — in a way that those in a given cluster are more similar to each other than the rest — is a problem of interest in many fields, such as, image analysis, taxonomy, astrophysics, etc. As there are approximatelyK N/K! possible ways of partitioning the patterns amongK clusters, finding the best solution is beyond exhaustive search whenN is large. We show that this problem, in spite of its exponential complexity, can be formulated as an optimization problem for which very good, but not necessarily optimal, solutions can be found by using a Hopfield model of neural networks. To obtain a very good solution, the network must start from many randomly selected initial states. The network is simulated on the MPP, a 128 × 128 SIMD array machine, where we use the massive parallelism not only in solving the differential equations that govern the evolution of the network, but also in starting the network from many initial states at once thus obtaining many solutions in one run. We achieve speedups of two to three orders of magnitude over serial implementations and the promise through Analog VLSI implementations of further speedups of three to six orders of magnitude.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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