Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
The binary blend of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) in the range of composition from 100% HDPE to 100% LLDPE has been investigated for tensile and flexural properties and the morphology in the deformed state on tensile fracture. Tensile properties (initial modulus, yield stress, and elongation-at-yield, ultimate tensile strength and elongation-at-break, and work of yield and work of rupture) and flexural properties (flexural modulus and flexural yield stress) are studied as a function of blend composition. Behavior, in terms of these properties, is distinguishable in three zones of blend composition, viz. (i) HDPE-rich blend, (ii) LLDPE-rich blend, and (iii) the middle zone. In zones (i) and (ii), the variations of these properties are more or less linear, whereas in the middle region [i.e., zone (iii)], there is a reversal of trends in variation or sometimes a behavior opposite to the expected one. The results are explained on the basis of the effects of cocrystallization and the presence of octene-containing segments in the amorphous phase. Scanning electron micrographs of the tensile fracture surfaces are presented to illustrate the occurrence of transverse bands interconnecting the fibrils.
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