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  • 1
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    American Physical Society (APS)
    Publication Date: 2011-08-05
    Description: Author(s): M. H. Dehghani, R. B. Mann, and R. Pourhasan We investigate modifications of the Lifshitz black hole solutions due to the presence of Maxwell charge in higher dimensions for arbitrary z and any topology. We find that the behavior of large black holes is insensitive to the topology of the solutions, whereas for small black holes significant dif... [Phys. Rev. D 84, 046002] Published Thu Aug 04, 2011
    Keywords: String theory
    Print ISSN: 0556-2821
    Electronic ISSN: 1089-4918
    Topics: Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-10-14
    Description: In this study, to assess and classify risks associated with working in the laboratories of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Ecological Research Center, the method of "Failure Mode Effects Analysis" (FMEA) as well as some statistical methods were used. The results of the risk assessment in the 11 affiliated laboratories showed that the risk levels in all cases, except for benthos laboratory, could be evaluated as moderate or high and therefore appropriate corrective actions must be implemented. Based on the results of the Kruskal-Wallis tests both before and after the corrective actions, there were significant differences between the laboratories from the viewpoint of risk priority number (RPN). The post hoc tests showed the lowest risk levels for the benthose and histology laboratories, while the highest risks identified in the laboratory of instrumental analysis. The results of the classification of the laboratories using cluster analysis are largely similar to those of the posthoc tests. According to Mann-Whitney U test, only in the case of the samples preparation laboratory, significant differences between the values of the RPN before and after the corrective actions could be observed (p〉 0.05), however, the risk levels still remained high. In general it can be concluded that FMEA is an effective method for risk assessment in the research laboratories and appropriate statistical methods can also be used for complementary analysis.
    Keywords: Information Management ; Management
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Monograph or Serial Issue , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-02-08
    Description: Actinomycetes are gram positive and filamentous bacteria and produce a major portion of bioactive compounds. The aim of this study was to isolate and identify antibiotic-producing actinomycetes from Persian Gulf marine sediments within Hormozgan province territory. Among 3 selected isolation media the M1 medium showed highest efficacy by isolation of 32 colonies. Heat treatment of 100 ºC for 60 min isolated 26 colonies and showed the best result. Approximately 60 Actinomycete isolates were obtained from 10 sediment samples. Evaluation of antimicrobial activity showed that 33, 20 and 30 % of isolates exhibited antimicrobial activity against S.aureus, E.coli and C.albicans respectively.Morphologic, physiologic and chemotaxonomic studies showed that selected potent isolates consist of Ifro12, Ifro 33 and Ifro 47 belonged to Streptomyces genus. Molecular genetic studies based on 16s rRNA gene analysis revealed that Ifro12, Ifro 33 and Ifro 47 exhibited 99 % similarity to S.olivaceus, S.cacaoi and S.variabilis respectively. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Ifro12 and Ifro 47 derived from a common ancestor. The results of the present research indicated that these three isolates could be considered as promising candidates for antibiotic discovery researches.
    Keywords: Biology ; Chemistry ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-08-04
    Description: Distribution and biomass of seaweeds in the Persian Gulf and its islands were assessed monthly during low tide from July 2001 to August 2003. Ten stations were defined in the study area and random spots along a transect vertical to the coastline were selected to carry out the sampling. Six stations were located in the coastal waters and four others were close to the islands. Samples were taken in quadrats 0.25 square meter in size (0.5mx0.5m). As a result, 77 species belonging to 4 division of seaweeds were identified. Rhodophyta was represented by 38 species, Chlorophyta had 21 species followed by 17 species of Phaeophyta and only I species of Cyanophyta. The highest and lowest seaweed diversity was seen around Larak Island and Michael station with 74 and 31 species respectively. Although some species such as Gracilaria corticata, Gelidiella acerosa, Laurencia snyderia, Colpomenia sinousa, Padina australis and Diciyosphaeria covernosa were abundant in all stations during the study, some species were absent from some stations. Thrbinaria conoiedes was only seen in Larak island, Spatoglassum variable and Steochospermum marginatum were present only in Larak and Qeshem islands, Codium papilatum and Ulva spp. were spotted only in Larak and Hormoz islands, and Sargassum ilicifolium was detected only in Bandar Lengeh, Shiyo, Larak and Qeshem islands. The maximum and minimum algal biomass (wet weight) was recorded in Bandar Lengeh with 1.058gram^2 and Qeshem island with 391gram'2 and there was significant difference between the two stations (P〈0.05). Also the maximum algal biomass was recorded in summer (1466gr.m^2) in Tahoneh-Gorzeh and the minimum biomass (130gram^2) in Qeshem islands. The highest biomass was recorded for the brown algae division (824gram^2) in Bandar Lengeh and the minimum biomass was seen for the green algae division (26gram^2) in Hormoz. and Qeshm islands. The maximum biomass was 755gram in summer for red algae, 1160gram^-2 in Spring for brown algae and 519gram^2 in Summer for green algae.
    Keywords: Biology ; Ecology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-01-15
    Description: Batoidfishes are one of the most important groups of by-catch in the Persian Gulf. This survey was done for identification of skates and rays, inhabiting in the Persian Gulf and Omen Sea waters (Hormuzgan Province). The samples were collected by bottom trawl. The identified Skates were Rhinbatus granulatus, R. punctifer and Rhina ancylostoma (Rhinobatidae) and Rhynchobatus djiddensis (Rhynchobatidae). Mobula diabulus (Mobulidae), Himantura gerrardi, Himantura sp., Himantura imbricata, Urogymnus africanus, Pastinachus sephen, Himantura uarnak (Dasyatidae), Gymnura poecilura (Gymnuridae), Rhinoptera javanica (Rhinopteridae) and Aetobatos flagellum, Aetobatus narinari, Aetomylaeus nichofii and Aetomylaeus maculates (Myliobatidae) were recognized, that all belonged to Rays group. In addition, Torpedo sinuspesici and T. panthera (Torpedinidae) and Narcine sp. (Narcinidae) were reported from other families. Furthermore, Narcine sp., Himantura sp. and Urogymnus africanus are reported for the first time in the study area.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-07-15
    Description: Silver pomfret (Pampus argenteus) belongs to Stromatidae family and is considered an important commercial fish found in some major fishing grounds of the Hormozgan province (Iran) waters. The stomach contents of 853 collected specimens were investigated from June 2001 to November 2002. The change in stomach content relative to the length classes and gonad stages, vacuity index, gastro-somatic index and frequency percentage of different food items were also studied. The diet consisted of a broad spectrum of food types, but crustaceans (especially copepods) were dominant. The next major food group was Bacillariphyceae (16 genera), followed by Cyanophyceae (6 genera) and mollusks. Other major groups were Nematode worms, Foraminifera and Dinophyceae (6 genera). Copepods were the primary and main food items with the Bacillariophyceae being the second most important prey. The relationship between stomach contents and maturity stages in females showed that the food take up increased during adult stages and then decreased during spawning periods. The vacuity index (CV) was calculated as 14.49, indicating the voracity of Pampus argenteus. The gastro-somatic index was estimated to be 4.5 based on monthly and maximum values during February.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-09-07
    Description: Regarding to monitor of demersal resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, and also biomass and CPUA estimation of them, a series of research cruises (5 cruises per year) were carried out by R/V Ferdows-1covering the area from 49 00 E in the west (Khoozestan provice) to 61 25 E in the east (Gwater) in a 5 years program form 2004 up to 2008 (no cruise in 2006). The study area was stratified into 17 strata (A to Q) of which 10 starta (A to J) were in the Persian Gulf and 7 strata (K to Q) were in the Oman Sea, covering the depths of 10-50m in the Persian Gulf and 10-100m in the Oman Sea. A total of 316 stations were randomly selected. The biomass and CPUA were estimated by Swept Area method. The comparison between two regions indicated that the percentage of density of demersal fishes in the Persian Gulf during years 2004, 2005, 2007 and 2008 were 3.3, 3.9, 2.3 and 2.4 times more than the Oman Sea and totally 70-80% of total biomass was calculated for the Persian Gulf. Also a comparison among 17 starta, the highest biomass was found for starta C & D in the Bushehr province waters. The amount of CPUA for both regions of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea was compared and it was concluded that in years 2004 and 2005, the mean CPUA in the Persian Gulf was partially higher than the Oman Sea with 1.06 & 1.20 times more; and on the contrary for the next two years this value was higher in the Oman Sea with 1.3 times more. The highest CPUA of demersal resources for the Oman Sea belonged to the strata K & O for years 2004, 2007 and 2008 and for year 2005 was for L and strata. It can be concluded that the north-west of Oman Sea has the best condition of biomass of commercial and non-commercial species and the O stratum will be in the second ranking. With review the mean CPUA in different depth-layers for years 2004, 2005, 2007 and 2008, it was concluded that with increasing the depth, the mean CPUA is decreased in which the CPUA values in depth-layer 10-20m for these years were 8.3, 3.0, 2.1 & 1.6 times more than depth-layer 50-100m. The comparison of mean CPUA for 10 strata of the Persian Gulf showed that in years 2004 and 2005, the mean CPUA of demersal fishes in the Hormuzgan province waters was higher than in Bushehr province waters (1.2 times more). In total, the highest maen CPUA belonged to F (Naiband to Mogham) and G (Mogham to Farour) in Hormuzgan waters. On the contrary, in years 2007 and 2008 this value in Bushehr waters was 1.3 times higher than western part of Hormuzgan waters with the highest value in D stratum(Boordekhoon to Dayyer). Also the comparison of mean CPUA for different depth-layers, it was found that the mean CPUA has ascending trend with increasing the depth, with the highest value in depth-laer of 30-50m in which contains the 55-68% of total biomass. The lowest biomass is found in depth-layers of 10-30m. Totally, the minimum CPUA and biomass for both commercial and non-commercial species belonged to a stratum located in Khouzestan province waters and it was shown the over-exploitation of resources in this area. The comparison between commercial and non-commercial groups in both ecosystems , it was concluded that the density of commercial species was higher than non-commercial ones , and in all years the Persian Gulf indicated higher values than the Oman Sea.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Monograph or Serial Issue , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-10-14
    Description: Aspects of the biological features such as age and growth, the reproductive cycle , food and feeding of the Longnose Trevally (Carangoides chrysophrys) were studied from a total 376 specimens collected by use of trawl fishing in Hormuzgan waters between February 2014 and February 2015. The minimum and maximum total length during different months were between 25.5 and 80 cm respectively. Weight-length relationship for Longnose Trevally was W= 0/0064L 2/9004. This fish had an isometric growth. Fishes aged using sections of their otoliths. The equation of growth for Longnose Trevally obtained Lt=85(1-e-0/266(t+1/443)). Total mortality rate for Longnose Trevally was 0.412. LM50 and TM50 for Longnose Trevally was 46 cm, 2 years. Sex ratio(femail : male) for Longnose Trevally was 1/42:1. Maximum absolute and relative fecundity for Longnose Trevally were 479992 and 354 respectively. The highest GSI in April (2.86) and the lowest was in June 2014 (0.43). It has a long spawning season from January to May and spawning peak was observed in May. Longnose Trevally was Relatively low feed (CV= 65.49). Main food for Longnose Trevally were bony fish (Fp= 91.67). Random diet of Longnose Trevally were crustaceans (Fp=4.17) (shrimp, crab and squilla) and mollusks (Fp=4.17) (cutlle fish, Squid), respectively.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Monograph or Serial Issue , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018-10-13
    Description: The most important habitats of mudskippers are muddy areas in tidal zone of tropical mangrove forests. Mudskippers are related to Oxudercinae subfamily of Gobiid fishes. Three most distributed species of Hormozgan mudskippers were Periophthalmus waltoni, Boleophthalmus dussumieri and Scartelaos tenuis. These fishes can be considered as euryhaline and eurythermal aquatic species, because they can tolerate a wide range of salinity and temperature. A research was done since september 2008 to september 2009 in two important mangrove regions of Hormuzgan (Tyab and Khamir) to determine some ecological characteristics of inhabited mudskipper species. Results showed that nitrate levels are significantly different between tidal lines and seasons (P〈0.05). Maximum nitrite concentrations were recorded 53.2 and 92.5 µg/l in Khamir and Tyab respectively. The annual correlation matrix showed that a positive correlation between phosphate concentration and nitrite and silicate (P〈0.05). Silicate concentration was very high, because of too low density of diatoms and radiolarians. Some species of diatoms, dinoflagellates, cyanobacteria and larvae of crustacea and echinoderms were observed with different density and diversity. Sediment composition of the studied areas were categorized in three classes (clay, sand and clay - sand). Polychaetes formed dominant group of benthic fauna in Tyab and Khamir areas. High density of capitellid worms was possibly related to some environmntal stress caused by activity of fishing and cargo vessels. It was not observed significant difference between fishes length in two areas (P〈0.05); Mean lengths of P. waltoni, B. dussumieri and S. tenuis were calculated 9.85, 14.7 and 11.5 cm respectively. Spawning period of each three species in both areas were obtained from late winter to late spring based on gonadosomatic index values. Male to female sex ratio of P. waltoni, B. dussumieri and S. tenuis were calculated 1:0.45, 1:0.41and 1:0.74 respectively. Absolute fecundity of P. waltoni, B. dussumieri and S. tenuis were estimated 3558 ± 2202, 3952 ± 1030 and 6742 ± 1939 respectively. P. waltoni feeds mainly on fiddler crab, S. tenuis uses crustaceans and gastropods and B. dussumieri has a vegetarian diet.
    Keywords: Ecology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Monograph or Serial Issue , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-10-08
    Description: Jinga shrimp Metapenaeus affinis is one of the most important penaeide shrimp species in Persian Gulf that has the highest amount of shrimp catch after banana shrimp in Hormozgan province. Regarding the importance of Jinga shrimp in fisheries of this province, genetic diversity and population structure of this species was assessed for the first time by mitochondrial 16SrRNA sequencing. A number of 18 shrimps were collected from the regions of Bandar Abbas, Bushehr and Khuzestan (six samples each region). DNA Extraction was performed using phenolchloroform and by optimizing the PCR for amplification of 16SrRNA, the most suitable temperature for primer binding was 48 °C. Analysis of 18 sequenced samples including 486 aligned base pairs of 16SrRNA yielded 480 monomorphic loci, 6 polymorphic loci and 2 transitions. No insertions and deletions were observed. 9 haplotypes were identified from the 18 samples. Mean haplotype diversity in each region was recorded from 0.0 ± 0.0 (Bandar Abbas) to 0.333 ± 0.215 (Bushehr) and 0.333 ± 0.215 (Khuzestan), and mean nucleotide diversity from 0.0 ± 0.0 (Bandar Abbas) to 0.003 ± 0.003 (Bushehr) and 0.001 ± 0.001 (Khuzestan). Haplotype and nucleotide diversity of all samples were 0.608 ± 0.007 and 0.002 ± 0.003, respectively. The maximum amount of F- statistic parameter was 0.750 between samples of Bandar Abbas and Khuzestan and the minimum amount between Bushehr and Khuzestan (-0.105). At probability level of 0.05, population differentiation was significant between Bandar Abbas and two other regions of Bushehr and Khuzestan but not significant between regions of Bushehr and Khuzestan. Test of exact p values within population confirmed the difference of Bandar Abbas population from the two other populations. Phylogenetic trees showed the differentiation of Bandar Abbas population from the two other regions. The results of this study using mitochondrial 16SrRNA sequencing revealed that the Jinga shrimp population of Bandar Abbas is a differentiated and separated gene pool from the two other regions, and although the populations of Bushehr and Khuzestan seem not genetically separated, molecular diversity of this species is acceptable in these two regions.
    Keywords: Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Monograph or Serial Issue , NonPeerReviewed
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