Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The values of drawing dependence of the density ρ, axial elastic modulus E, and maximum draw ratio λ of crosslinked low-density polyethylene (CLPE) rather similar to those obtained with un-crosslinked branched material of similarly low density. Very much the same applies to the equilibrium concentration of sorbed methylene chloride in the amorphous component and the zero-concentration diffusion coefficient D0. The exponential concentration coefficient γD, however, even at the maximum draw ratio, shows no indication of the rapid increase so characteristic of the completed transformation from the lamellar to the fibrous structure. On the basis of this finding, one can understand the small deviations in the dependence of the mechanical properties between the crosslinked and uncrosslinked branched material. The segments between the crosslinks, much shorter than the free molecules, favor the formation of the interfibrillar tie molecules that limit the drawability of the sample. But since they cannot be extended to the same length as the free molecules, they contribute less to the total fraction of tie molecules per amorphous layer and hence yield a smaller axial elastic modulus.
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