maxi chloride channel
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Mitochondrial porin, or VDAC, is a pore-forming protein abundant in the outer mitochondrialmembrane. Several publications have reported extramitochondrial localizations as well, butthe evidence was considered insufficient by many, and the presence of porin in nonmitochondrialcellular compartments has remained in doubt for a long time. We have now obtained newdata indicating that the plasma membrane of hematopoietic cells contains porin, probablylocated mostly in caveolae or caveolae-like domains. Porin was purified from the plasmamembrane of intact cells by a procedure utilizing the membrane-impermeable labeling reagentNH-SS-biotin and streptavidin affinity chromatography, and shown to have the same propertiesas mitochondrial porin. A channel with properties similar to that of isolated VDAC wasobserved by patch-clamping intact cells. This review discusses the evidence supportingextramitochondrial localization, the putative identification of the plasma membrane porin with the“maxi” chloride channel, the hypothetical mechanisms of sorting porin to various cellularmembrane structures, and its possible functions.
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