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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton 2 (1982), S. 483-496 
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: Cilia ; Ca ; motor control ; ciliates ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: We have studied quantitative aspects of ciliary motor responses to membrane depolarization in the ciliate Stylonychia using voltage clamp and high-speed cinematograhpy techniques and employing computer-processing methods for evaluation. Depolarizations beyond 4 mV activate the cirri (compound cilia) which are at rest in the absence of a stimulus. The power stroke of activiated cirri is oriented toward the cell anterior. The frequency and duration of beating increase with rising depolarization. With very large positive stimuli (≥ 150 mV) activation of the response is delayed until the end of the voltage step (“off-response”). The peak frequecy is essentially unaltered during sustained depolarization. The frequency drops exponentially following repolarization of the membrane. The time constant of the decay in ciliary activity rises with the amplitude, not with the duration of the depolarization. The ciliary motor response is most adequately represented by the number of evoked ciliary cycles (ciliary work), and appears to be related to the amplitude of the depolarization.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: cilia ; electric motor control ; ciliates ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: We have studied the motor responses to membrane hyperpolarization of the marginal cirri in Stylonychia using voltage-clamp, high-speed cinematography, and computer-processing techniques. The cirri started beating when voltage step amplitudes rose beyond 5 mV. The power stroke was oriented toward the posterior cell and (hyperpolarizing motor activation). The frequency rose slightly during a voltage step, and decreased with similar rates for 100 ms following the step end. Amplitude and duration of the step tended to increase the motor response of the cirri. The late response declined exponentially. The time constant of the decay rose with the step amplitude. Among three response parameters tested (frequency, duration, number of cycles), the number of evoked ciliary cycles was best correlated with the amplitude of the hyperpolarization. Comparisons with the responses to depolarizing voltage steps reveal similarities in the relaxation of ciliary activity which appears to be uncoupled, in part, from the electric membrane events during the voltage stimulus.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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