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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2009-10-03
    Description: Mitochondria are integral components of cellular calcium (Ca2+) signaling. Calcium stimulates mitochondrial adenosine 5'-triphosphate production, but can also initiate apoptosis. In turn, cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentrations are regulated by mitochondria. Although several transporter and ion-channel mechanisms have been measured in mitochondria, the molecules that govern Ca2+ movement across the inner mitochondrial membrane are unknown. We searched for genes that regulate mitochondrial Ca2+ and H+ concentrations using a genome-wide Drosophila RNA interference (RNAi) screen. The mammalian homolog of one Drosophila gene identified in the screen, Letm1, was found to specifically mediate coupled Ca2+/H+ exchange. RNAi knockdown, overexpression, and liposome reconstitution of the purified Letm1 protein demonstrate that Letm1 is a mitochondrial Ca2+/H+ antiporter.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4067766/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4067766/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jiang, Dawei -- Zhao, Linlin -- Clapham, David E -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2009 Oct 2;326(5949):144-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1175145.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Cardiology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Children's Hospital Boston, Manton Center for Orphan Disease, and Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Enders Building 1309, 320 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19797662" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antiporters/*genetics/metabolism ; Calcium/*metabolism ; Calcium-Binding Proteins/*genetics/*metabolism ; Cation Transport Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Cell Line ; Drosophila Proteins/*genetics/metabolism ; Drosophila melanogaster/*genetics/metabolism ; Genome, Human ; Genome, Insect ; HeLa Cells ; Humans ; Hydrogen/metabolism ; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration ; Ion Transport ; Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial ; Membrane Proteins/*genetics/*metabolism ; Mitochondria/*metabolism ; Mitochondrial Membranes/metabolism ; Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Proteolipids/metabolism ; *RNA Interference
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2010-05-08
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Gleick, P H -- Adams, R M -- Amasino, R M -- Anders, E -- Anderson, D J -- Anderson, W W -- Anselin, L E -- Arroyo, M K -- Asfaw, B -- Ayala, F J -- Bax, A -- Bebbington, A J -- Bell, G -- Bennett, M V L -- Bennetzen, J L -- Berenbaum, M R -- Berlin, O B -- Bjorkman, P J -- Blackburn, E -- Blamont, J E -- Botchan, M R -- Boyer, J S -- Boyle, E A -- Branton, D -- Briggs, S P -- Briggs, W R -- Brill, W J -- Britten, R J -- Broecker, W S -- Brown, J H -- Brown, P O -- Brunger, A T -- Cairns, J Jr -- Canfield, D E -- Carpenter, S R -- Carrington, J C -- Cashmore, A R -- Castilla, J C -- Cazenave, A -- Chapin, F S 3rd -- Ciechanover, A J -- Clapham, D E -- Clark, W C -- Clayton, R N -- Coe, M D -- Conwell, E M -- Cowling, E B -- Cowling, R M -- Cox, C S -- Croteau, R B -- Crothers, D M -- Crutzen, P J -- Daily, G C -- Dalrymple, G B -- Dangl, J L -- Darst, S A -- Davies, D R -- Davis, M B -- De Camilli, P V -- Dean, C -- DeFries, R S -- Deisenhofer, J -- Delmer, D P -- DeLong, E F -- DeRosier, D J -- Diener, T O -- Dirzo, R -- Dixon, J E -- Donoghue, M J -- Doolittle, R F -- Dunne, T -- Ehrlich, P R -- Eisenstadt, S N -- Eisner, T -- Emanuel, K A -- Englander, S W -- Ernst, W G -- Falkowski, P G -- Feher, G -- Ferejohn, J A -- Fersht, A -- Fischer, E H -- Fischer, R -- Flannery, K V -- Frank, J -- Frey, P A -- Fridovich, I -- Frieden, C -- Futuyma, D J -- Gardner, W R -- Garrett, C J R -- Gilbert, W -- Goldberg, R B -- Goodenough, W H -- Goodman, C S -- Goodman, M -- Greengard, P -- Hake, S -- Hammel, G -- Hanson, S -- Harrison, S C -- Hart, S R -- Hartl, D L -- Haselkorn, R -- Hawkes, K -- Hayes, J M -- Hille, B -- Hokfelt, T -- House, J S -- Hout, M -- Hunten, D M -- Izquierdo, I A -- Jagendorf, A T -- Janzen, D H -- Jeanloz, R -- Jencks, C S -- Jury, W A -- Kaback, H R -- Kailath, T -- Kay, P -- Kay, S A -- Kennedy, D -- Kerr, A -- Kessler, R C -- Khush, G S -- Kieffer, S W -- Kirch, P V -- Kirk, K -- Kivelson, M G -- Klinman, J P -- Klug, A -- Knopoff, L -- Kornberg, H -- Kutzbach, J E -- Lagarias, J C -- Lambeck, K -- Landy, A -- Langmuir, C H -- Larkins, B A -- Le Pichon, X T -- Lenski, R E -- Leopold, E B -- Levin, S A -- Levitt, M -- Likens, G E -- Lippincott-Schwartz, J -- Lorand, L -- Lovejoy, C O -- Lynch, M -- Mabogunje, A L -- Malone, T F -- Manabe, S -- Marcus, J -- Massey, D S -- McWilliams, J C -- Medina, E -- Melosh, H J -- Meltzer, D J -- Michener, C D -- Miles, E L -- Mooney, H A -- Moore, P B -- Morel, F M M -- Mosley-Thompson, E S -- Moss, B -- Munk, W H -- Myers, N -- Nair, G B -- Nathans, J -- Nester, E W -- Nicoll, R A -- Novick, R P -- O'Connell, J F -- Olsen, P E -- Opdyke, N D -- Oster, G F -- Ostrom, E -- Pace, N R -- Paine, R T -- Palmiter, R D -- Pedlosky, J -- Petsko, G A -- Pettengill, G H -- Philander, S G -- Piperno, D R -- Pollard, T D -- Price, P B Jr -- Reichard, P A -- Reskin, B F -- Ricklefs, R E -- Rivest, R L -- Roberts, J D -- Romney, A K -- Rossmann, M G -- Russell, D W -- Rutter, W J -- Sabloff, J A -- Sagdeev, R Z -- Sahlins, M D -- Salmond, A -- Sanes, J R -- Schekman, R -- Schellnhuber, J -- Schindler, D W -- Schmitt, J -- Schneider, S H -- Schramm, V L -- Sederoff, R R -- Shatz, C J -- Sherman, F -- Sidman, R L -- Sieh, K -- Simons, E L -- Singer, B H -- Singer, M F -- Skyrms, B -- Sleep, N H -- Smith, B D -- Snyder, S H -- Sokal, R R -- Spencer, C S -- Steitz, T A -- Strier, K B -- Sudhof, T C -- Taylor, S S -- Terborgh, J -- Thomas, D H -- Thompson, L G -- Tjian, R T -- Turner, M G -- Uyeda, S -- Valentine, J W -- Valentine, J S -- Van Etten, J L -- van Holde, K E -- Vaughan, M -- Verba, S -- von Hippel, P H -- Wake, D B -- Walker, A -- Walker, J E -- Watson, E B -- Watson, P J -- Weigel, D -- Wessler, S R -- West-Eberhard, M J -- White, T D -- Wilson, W J -- Wolfenden, R V -- Wood, J A -- Woodwell, G M -- Wright, H E Jr -- Wu, C -- Wunsch, C -- Zoback, M L -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2010 May 7;328(5979):689-90. doi: 10.1126/science.328.5979.689.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20448167" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Climate Change ; Politics ; Public Policy ; Research/standards ; Research Personnel
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 1995-12-15
    Description: Intact, isolated nuclei and a nuclear membrane (ghost) preparation were used to study regulation of the movement of small molecules across the Xenopus laevis oocyte nuclear membrane. In contrast to models of the nuclear pore complex, which assume passive bidirectional diffusion of molecules less than 70 kilodaltons, diffusion of intermediate-sized molecules was regulated by the nuclear envelope calcium stores. After depletion of nuclear store calcium by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate or calcium chelators, fluorescent molecules conjugated to 10-kilodalton dextran were unable to enter the nucleus. Dye exclusion after calcium store depletion was not dependent on the nuclear matrix because it occurred in nuclear ghosts lacking nucleoplasm. Smaller molecules and ions (500-dalton Lucifer yellow and manganese) diffused freely into the core of the nuclear ghosts and intact nuclei even after calcium store depletion. Thus, depletion of the nuclear calcium store blocks diffusion of intermediate-sized molecules.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Stehno-Bittel, L -- Perez-Terzic, C -- Clapham, D E -- 41303/PHS HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1995 Dec 15;270(5243):1835-8.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Pharmacology, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8525380" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism ; Animals ; Biological Transport ; Calcium/*metabolism ; Cell Nucleus/*metabolism ; Diffusion ; Fluorescent Dyes ; In Vitro Techniques ; Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate/metabolism ; Manganese/metabolism ; Nuclear Envelope/*metabolism ; Oocytes/metabolism ; Xenopus laevis
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 1996-09-27
    Description: The nuclear pore complex (NPC) is essential for the transit of molecules between the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm of a cell and until recently was thought to allow intermediate-sized molecules (relative molecular mass of approximately 10,000) to diffuse freely across the nuclear envelope. However, the depletion of calcium from the nuclear envelope of Xenopus laevis oocytes was shown to regulate the passage of intermediate-sized molecules. Two distinct conformational states of the NPC were observed by field emission scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. A central plug occluded the NPC channel after nuclear calcium stores had been depleted and free diffusion of intermediate-sized molecules had been blocked. Thus, the NPC conformation appears to gate molecular movement across the nuclear envelope.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Perez-Terzic, C -- Pyle, J -- Jaconi, M -- Stehno-Bittel, L -- Clapham, D E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1996 Sep 27;273(5283):1875-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Pharmacology, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8791595" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Calcium/*metabolism ; Cell Nucleus/*metabolism ; Chelating Agents/pharmacology ; Diffusion ; Egtazic Acid/analogs & derivatives/pharmacology ; Female ; Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate/pharmacology ; Microscopy, Atomic Force ; Microscopy, Electron ; Nuclear Envelope/metabolism/*ultrastructure ; Oocytes ; Xenopus laevis
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 1996-06-28
    Description: Homozygous weaver mice are profoundly ataxic because of the loss of granule cell neurons during cerebellar development. This granule cell loss appears to be caused by a genetic defect in the pore region (Gly156--〉Ser) of the heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein)-gated inwardly rectifying potassium (K+) channel subunit (GIRK2). A related subunit, GIRK1, associates with GIRK2 to constitute a neuronal G protein-gated inward rectifier K+ channel. The weaver allele of the GIRK2 subunit (wvGIRK2) caused loss of K+ selectivity when expressed either as wvGIRK2 homomultimers or as GIRK1-wvGIRK2 heteromultimers. The mutation also let to loss of sensitivity to G protein betagamma dimers. Expression of wvGIRK2 subunits let to increased cell death, presumably as a result of basal nonselective channel opening.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Navarro, B -- Kennedy, M E -- Velimirovic, B -- Bhat, D -- Peterson, A S -- Clapham, D E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1996 Jun 28;272(5270):1950-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Pharmacology, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8658170" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Antisense Elements (Genetics) ; CHO Cells ; Cell Death ; Cell Line ; Cerebellum/cytology/*metabolism ; Cricetinae ; G Protein-Coupled Inwardly-Rectifying Potassium Channels ; GTP-Binding Proteins/*physiology ; Membrane Potentials ; Mice ; Mice, Neurologic Mutants ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Neurons/cytology/metabolism ; Oocytes/cytology ; Patch-Clamp Techniques ; Point Mutation ; Potassium Channels/genetics/*metabolism ; *Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying ; Transfection
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2002-03-23
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Clapham, David E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2002 Mar 22;295(5563):2228-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cardiovascular Division, Children's Hospital, Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. dclapham@enders.tch.harvard.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11910099" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Calcium Channels/chemistry/*metabolism ; Capsaicin/metabolism ; *Cold Temperature ; Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism ; Hot Temperature ; Ion Channel Gating ; Menthol/*metabolism ; Mice ; Mouth/physiology ; *Signal Transduction ; Skin Physiological Phenomena ; TRPC Cation Channels ; Taste/physiology ; Touch/physiology ; Trigeminal Ganglion/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2008-11-01
    Description: The gene transient receptor potential-melastatin-like 7 (Trpm7) encodes a protein that functions as an ion channel and a kinase. TRPM7 has been proposed to be required for cellular Mg2+ homeostasis in vertebrates. Deletion of mouse Trpm7 revealed that it is essential for embryonic development. Tissue-specific deletion of Trpm7 in the T cell lineage disrupted thymopoiesis, which led to a developmental block of thymocytes at the double-negative stage and a progressive depletion of thymic medullary cells. However, deletion of Trpm7 in T cells did not affect acute uptake of Mg2+ or the maintenance of total cellular Mg2+. Trpm7-deficient thymocytes exhibited dysregulated synthesis of many growth factors that are necessary for the differentiation and maintenance of thymic epithelial cells. The thymic medullary cells lost signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 activity, which accounts for their depletion when Trpm7 is disrupted in thymocytes.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2605283/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2605283/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jin, Jie -- Desai, Bimal N -- Navarro, Betsy -- Donovan, Adriana -- Andrews, Nancy C -- Clapham, David E -- T32HL007572-20/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2008 Oct 31;322(5902):756-60. doi: 10.1126/science.1163493.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Cardiology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18974357" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antigens, CD44/metabolism ; *Embryonic Development ; Gene Deletion ; Homeostasis ; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/metabolism ; *Lymphopoiesis ; Magnesium/*metabolism ; Mice ; Mice, Knockout ; Patch-Clamp Techniques ; STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism ; T-Lymphocytes/*cytology/immunology/*metabolism ; TRPM Cation Channels/genetics/*physiology ; Thymus Gland/*cytology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-11-16
    Description: The mitochondrial uniporter is a highly selective calcium channel in the organelle's inner membrane. Its molecular components include the EF-hand-containing calcium-binding proteins mitochondrial calcium uptake 1 (MICU1) and MICU2 and the pore-forming subunit mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU). We sought to achieve a full molecular characterization of the uniporter holocomplex (uniplex). Quantitative mass spectrometry of affinity-purified uniplex recovered MICU1 and MICU2, MCU and its paralog MCUb, and essential MCU regulator (EMRE), a previously uncharacterized protein. EMRE is a 10-kilodalton, metazoan-specific protein with a single transmembrane domain. In its absence, uniporter channel activity was lost despite intact MCU expression and oligomerization. EMRE was required for the interaction of MCU with MICU1 and MICU2. Hence, EMRE is essential for in vivo uniporter current and additionally bridges the calcium-sensing role of MICU1 and MICU2 with the calcium-conducting role of MCU.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4091629/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4091629/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Sancak, Yasemin -- Markhard, Andrew L -- Kitami, Toshimori -- Kovacs-Bogdan, Erika -- Kamer, Kimberli J -- Udeshi, Namrata D -- Carr, Steven A -- Chaudhuri, Dipayan -- Clapham, David E -- Li, Andrew A -- Calvo, Sarah E -- Goldberger, Olga -- Mootha, Vamsi K -- DK080261/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- F32 HL107021/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- F32HL107021/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- P30 HD018655/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R24 DK080261/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 Dec 13;342(6164):1379-82. doi: 10.1126/science.1242993. Epub 2013 Nov 14.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24231807" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Calcium Channels/chemistry/genetics/*metabolism ; Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Cation Transport Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Cell Membrane/*metabolism ; EF Hand Motifs ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; HEK293 Cells ; Humans ; Mitochondria/*metabolism ; Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Proteomics
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2012-06-09
    Description: Voltage-gated sodium (Na(v)) channels are essential for the rapid depolarization of nerve and muscle, and are important drug targets. Determination of the structures of Na(v) channels will shed light on ion channel mechanisms and facilitate potential clinical applications. A family of bacterial Na(v) channels, exemplified by the Na(+)-selective channel of bacteria (NaChBac), provides a useful model system for structure-function analysis. Here we report the crystal structure of Na(v)Rh, a NaChBac orthologue from the marine alphaproteobacterium HIMB114 (Rickettsiales sp. HIMB114; denoted Rh), at 3.05 A resolution. The channel comprises an asymmetric tetramer. The carbonyl oxygen atoms of Thr 178 and Leu 179 constitute an inner site within the selectivity filter where a hydrated Ca(2+) resides in the crystal structure. The outer mouth of the Na(+) selectivity filter, defined by Ser 181 and Glu 183, is closed, as is the activation gate at the intracellular side of the pore. The voltage sensors adopt a depolarized conformation in which all the gating charges are exposed to the extracellular environment. We propose that Na(v)Rh is in an 'inactivated' conformation. Comparison of Na(v)Rh with Na(v)Ab reveals considerable conformational rearrangements that may underlie the electromechanical coupling mechanism of voltage-gated channels.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3979295/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3979295/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Zhang, Xu -- Ren, Wenlin -- DeCaen, Paul -- Yan, Chuangye -- Tao, Xiao -- Tang, Lin -- Wang, Jingjing -- Hasegawa, Kazuya -- Kumasaka, Takashi -- He, Jianhua -- Wang, Jiawei -- Clapham, David E -- Yan, Nieng -- P01 NS072040/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- T32 HL007572/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 May 20;486(7401):130-4. doi: 10.1038/nature11054.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉State Key Laboratory of Bio-membrane and Membrane Biotechnology, Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22678295" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alphaproteobacteria/*chemistry ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Bacterial Proteins/*chemistry/metabolism ; Crystallization ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; HEK293 Cells ; Humans ; *Ion Channel Gating ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Protein Conformation ; Sodium Channels/*chemistry/metabolism ; Structure-Activity Relationship
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-12-18
    Description: Primary cilia are solitary, non-motile extensions of the centriole found on nearly all nucleated eukaryotic cells between cell divisions. Only approximately 200-300 nm in diameter and a few micrometres long, they are separated from the cytoplasm by the ciliary neck and basal body. Often called sensory cilia, they are thought to receive chemical and mechanical stimuli and initiate specific cellular signal transduction pathways. When activated by a ligand, hedgehog pathway proteins, such as GLI2 and smoothened (SMO), translocate from the cell into the cilium. Mutations in primary ciliary proteins are associated with severe developmental defects. The ionic conditions, permeability of the primary cilia membrane, and effectiveness of the diffusion barriers between the cilia and cell body are unknown. Here we show that cilia are a unique calcium compartment regulated by a heteromeric TRP channel, PKD1L1-PKD2L1, in mice and humans. In contrast to the hypothesis that polycystin (PKD) channels initiate changes in ciliary calcium that are conducted into the cytoplasm, we show that changes in ciliary calcium concentration occur without substantially altering global cytoplasmic calcium. PKD1L1-PKD2L1 acts as a ciliary calcium channel controlling ciliary calcium concentration and thereby modifying SMO-activated GLI2 translocation and GLI1 expression.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4112737/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4112737/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Delling, Markus -- DeCaen, Paul G -- Doerner, Julia F -- Febvay, Sebastien -- Clapham, David E -- P01 NS072040/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- P30 HD018655/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P30-HD 18655/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- T32-HL007572/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Dec 12;504(7479):311-4. doi: 10.1038/nature12833.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, 320 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [2]. ; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, 320 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; 1] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, 320 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [2] Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24336288" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Calcium/metabolism ; Calcium Channels/chemistry/*metabolism ; *Calcium Signaling ; Cells, Cultured ; Cilia/*metabolism ; Cytoplasm/metabolism ; Female ; Hedgehog Proteins/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism ; Humans ; Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors/metabolism ; Male ; Membrane Proteins/chemistry/deficiency/metabolism ; Mice ; Nuclear Proteins/metabolism ; Organelles/*metabolism ; Receptors, Cell Surface/chemistry/metabolism ; Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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