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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2015-04-04
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lambert, Jean-Charles -- Grenier-Boley, Benjamin -- Bellenguez, Celine -- Pasquier, Florence -- Campion, Dominique -- Dartigues, Jean-Francois -- Berr, Claudine -- Tzourio, Christophe -- Amouyel, Philippe -- England -- Nature. 2015 Apr 2;520(7545):E1. doi: 10.1038/nature14036.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉INSERM, U744, Universite Lille 2, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille 59000, France. ; CNR-MAJ, Centre Hospitalier Regional Universitaire de Lille, Universite Lille 2, Lille 59000, France. ; CNR-MAJ, INSERM, U1079, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen 76031, France. ; Inserm U897, Victor Segalen University, Bordeaux 33076, France. ; INSERM, U1061, Faculty of Medicine, Hopital La Colombiere, Montpellier 34093, France. ; INSERM, U708, Victor Segalen University, Bordeaux, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25832408" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alzheimer Disease/*genetics ; Female ; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/*genetics ; Genetic Variation/*genetics ; Humans ; Male ; Phospholipase D/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-09-02
    Description: Both obesity and being underweight have been associated with increased mortality. Underweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) 〈/= 18.5 kg per m(2) in adults and 〈/= -2 standard deviations from the mean in children, is the main sign of a series of heterogeneous clinical conditions including failure to thrive, feeding and eating disorder and/or anorexia nervosa. In contrast to obesity, few genetic variants underlying these clinical conditions have been reported. We previously showed that hemizygosity of a approximately 600-kilobase (kb) region on the short arm of chromosome 16 causes a highly penetrant form of obesity that is often associated with hyperphagia and intellectual disabilities. Here we show that the corresponding reciprocal duplication is associated with being underweight. We identified 138 duplication carriers (including 132 novel cases and 108 unrelated carriers) from individuals clinically referred for developmental or intellectual disabilities (DD/ID) or psychiatric disorders, or recruited from population-based cohorts. These carriers show significantly reduced postnatal weight and BMI. Half of the boys younger than five years are underweight with a probable diagnosis of failure to thrive, whereas adult duplication carriers have an 8.3-fold increased risk of being clinically underweight. We observe a trend towards increased severity in males, as well as a depletion of male carriers among non-medically ascertained cases. These features are associated with an unusually high frequency of selective and restrictive eating behaviours and a significant reduction in head circumference. Each of the observed phenotypes is the converse of one reported in carriers of deletions at this locus. The phenotypes correlate with changes in transcript levels for genes mapping within the duplication but not in flanking regions. The reciprocal impact of these 16p11.2 copy-number variants indicates that severe obesity and being underweight could have mirror aetiologies, possibly through contrasting effects on energy balance.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3637175/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3637175/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jacquemont, Sebastien -- Reymond, Alexandre -- Zufferey, Flore -- Harewood, Louise -- Walters, Robin G -- Kutalik, Zoltan -- Martinet, Danielle -- Shen, Yiping -- Valsesia, Armand -- Beckmann, Noam D -- Thorleifsson, Gudmar -- Belfiore, Marco -- Bouquillon, Sonia -- Campion, Dominique -- de Leeuw, Nicole -- de Vries, Bert B A -- Esko, Tonu -- Fernandez, Bridget A -- Fernandez-Aranda, Fernando -- Fernandez-Real, Jose Manuel -- Gratacos, Monica -- Guilmatre, Audrey -- Hoyer, Juliane -- Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta -- Kooy, R Frank -- Kurg, Ants -- Le Caignec, Cedric -- Mannik, Katrin -- Platt, Orah S -- Sanlaville, Damien -- Van Haelst, Mieke M -- Villatoro Gomez, Sergi -- Walha, Faida -- Wu, Bai-Lin -- Yu, Yongguo -- Aboura, Azzedine -- Addor, Marie-Claude -- Alembik, Yves -- Antonarakis, Stylianos E -- Arveiler, Benoit -- Barth, Magalie -- Bednarek, Nathalie -- Bena, Frederique -- Bergmann, Sven -- Beri, Mylene -- Bernardini, Laura -- Blaumeiser, Bettina -- Bonneau, Dominique -- Bottani, Armand -- Boute, Odile -- Brunner, Han G -- Cailley, Dorothee -- Callier, Patrick -- Chiesa, Jean -- Chrast, Jacqueline -- Coin, Lachlan -- Coutton, Charles -- Cuisset, Jean-Marie -- Cuvellier, Jean-Christophe -- David, Albert -- de Freminville, Benedicte -- Delobel, Bruno -- Delrue, Marie-Ange -- Demeer, Benedicte -- Descamps, Dominique -- Didelot, Gerard -- Dieterich, Klaus -- Disciglio, Vittoria -- Doco-Fenzy, Martine -- Drunat, Severine -- Duban-Bedu, Benedicte -- Dubourg, Christele -- El-Sayed Moustafa, Julia S -- Elliott, Paul -- Faas, Brigitte H W -- Faivre, Laurence -- Faudet, Anne -- Fellmann, Florence -- Ferrarini, Alessandra -- Fisher, Richard -- Flori, Elisabeth -- Forer, Lukas -- Gaillard, Dominique -- Gerard, Marion -- Gieger, Christian -- Gimelli, Stefania -- Gimelli, Giorgio -- Grabe, Hans J -- Guichet, Agnes -- Guillin, Olivier -- Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa -- Heron, Delphine -- Hippolyte, Loyse -- Holder, Muriel -- Homuth, Georg -- Isidor, Bertrand -- Jaillard, Sylvie -- Jaros, Zdenek -- Jimenez-Murcia, Susana -- Helas, Geraldine Joly -- Jonveaux, Philippe -- Kaksonen, Satu -- Keren, Boris -- Kloss-Brandstatter, Anita -- Knoers, Nine V A M -- Koolen, David A -- Kroisel, Peter M -- Kronenberg, Florian -- Labalme, Audrey -- Landais, Emilie -- Lapi, Elisabetta -- Layet, Valerie -- Legallic, Solenn -- Leheup, Bruno -- Leube, Barbara -- Lewis, Suzanne -- Lucas, Josette -- MacDermot, Kay D -- Magnusson, Pall -- Marshall, Christian -- Mathieu-Dramard, Michele -- McCarthy, Mark I -- Meitinger, Thomas -- Mencarelli, Maria Antonietta -- Merla, Giuseppe -- Moerman, Alexandre -- Mooser, Vincent -- Morice-Picard, Fanny -- Mucciolo, Mafalda -- Nauck, Matthias -- Ndiaye, Ndeye Coumba -- Nordgren, Ann -- Pasquier, Laurent -- Petit, Florence -- Pfundt, Rolph -- Plessis, Ghislaine -- Rajcan-Separovic, Evica -- Ramelli, Gian Paolo -- Rauch, Anita -- Ravazzolo, Roberto -- Reis, Andre -- Renieri, Alessandra -- Richart, Cristobal -- Ried, Janina S -- Rieubland, Claudine -- Roberts, Wendy -- Roetzer, Katharina M -- Rooryck, Caroline -- Rossi, Massimiliano -- Saemundsen, Evald -- Satre, Veronique -- Schurmann, Claudia -- Sigurdsson, Engilbert -- Stavropoulos, Dimitri J -- Stefansson, Hreinn -- Tengstrom, Carola -- Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur -- Tinahones, Francisco J -- Touraine, Renaud -- Vallee, Louis -- van Binsbergen, Ellen -- Van der Aa, Nathalie -- Vincent-Delorme, Catherine -- Visvikis-Siest, Sophie -- Vollenweider, Peter -- Volzke, Henry -- Vulto-van Silfhout, Anneke T -- Waeber, Gerard -- Wallgren-Pettersson, Carina -- Witwicki, Robert M -- Zwolinksi, Simon -- Andrieux, Joris -- Estivill, Xavier -- Gusella, James F -- Gustafsson, Omar -- Metspalu, Andres -- Scherer, Stephen W -- Stefansson, Kari -- Blakemore, Alexandra I F -- Beckmann, Jacques S -- Froguel, Philippe -- 090532/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 1RL1MH083268-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- 5R01HL087679-02/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- 5R01MH63706:02/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- AS2173/Autism Speaks/ -- G0500539/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- G0600705/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- G0801056/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- GM061354/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- MH071425/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MOP 74502/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2011 Aug 31;478(7367):97-102. doi: 10.1038/nature10406.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Service of Medical Genetics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21881559" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aging ; Body Height/genetics ; *Body Mass Index ; Case-Control Studies ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16/*genetics ; Cohort Studies ; Comparative Genomic Hybridization ; Developmental Disabilities/genetics ; Energy Metabolism/genetics ; Europe ; Female ; Gene Dosage/*genetics ; Gene Duplication/genetics ; Gene Expression Profiling ; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics ; Genome-Wide Association Study ; Head/anatomy & histology ; Heterozygote ; Humans ; Infant ; Infant, Newborn ; Male ; Mental Disorders/genetics ; Middle Aged ; Mutation/genetics ; North America ; Obesity/*genetics ; *Phenotype ; RNA, Messenger/analysis/genetics ; Sequence Deletion/genetics ; Thinness/*genetics ; Transcription, Genetic ; Young Adult
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-12-24
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Margalida, Antoni -- Campion, David -- Donazar, Jose A -- England -- Nature. 2011 Dec 21;480(7378):457. doi: 10.1038/480457b.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22193090" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Behavior, Animal/*physiology ; Falconiformes/*physiology ; France ; Predatory Behavior/*physiology ; Sanitation/legislation & jurisprudence ; Spain
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2010-02-05
    Description: Obesity has become a major worldwide challenge to public health, owing to an interaction between the Western 'obesogenic' environment and a strong genetic contribution. Recent extensive genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with obesity, but these loci together account for only a small fraction of the known heritable component. Thus, the 'common disease, common variant' hypothesis is increasingly coming under challenge. Here we report a highly penetrant form of obesity, initially observed in 31 subjects who were heterozygous for deletions of at least 593 kilobases at 16p11.2 and whose ascertainment included cognitive deficits. Nineteen similar deletions were identified from GWAS data in 16,053 individuals from eight European cohorts. These deletions were absent from healthy non-obese controls and accounted for 0.7% of our morbid obesity cases (body mass index (BMI) 〉or= 40 kg m(-2) or BMI standard deviation score 〉or= 4; P = 6.4 x 10(-8), odds ratio 43.0), demonstrating the potential importance in common disease of rare variants with strong effects. This highlights a promising strategy for identifying missing heritability in obesity and other complex traits: cohorts with extreme phenotypes are likely to be enriched for rare variants, thereby improving power for their discovery. Subsequent analysis of the loci so identified may well reveal additional rare variants that further contribute to the missing heritability, as recently reported for SIM1 (ref. 3). The most productive approach may therefore be to combine the 'power of the extreme' in small, well-phenotyped cohorts, with targeted follow-up in case-control and population cohorts.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2880448/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2880448/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Walters, R G -- Jacquemont, S -- Valsesia, A -- de Smith, A J -- Martinet, D -- Andersson, J -- Falchi, M -- Chen, F -- Andrieux, J -- Lobbens, S -- Delobel, B -- Stutzmann, F -- El-Sayed Moustafa, J S -- Chevre, J-C -- Lecoeur, C -- Vatin, V -- Bouquillon, S -- Buxton, J L -- Boute, O -- Holder-Espinasse, M -- Cuisset, J-M -- Lemaitre, M-P -- Ambresin, A-E -- Brioschi, A -- Gaillard, M -- Giusti, V -- Fellmann, F -- Ferrarini, A -- Hadjikhani, N -- Campion, D -- Guilmatre, A -- Goldenberg, A -- Calmels, N -- Mandel, J-L -- Le Caignec, C -- David, A -- Isidor, B -- Cordier, M-P -- Dupuis-Girod, S -- Labalme, A -- Sanlaville, D -- Beri-Dexheimer, M -- Jonveaux, P -- Leheup, B -- Ounap, K -- Bochukova, E G -- Henning, E -- Keogh, J -- Ellis, R J -- Macdermot, K D -- van Haelst, M M -- Vincent-Delorme, C -- Plessis, G -- Touraine, R -- Philippe, A -- Malan, V -- Mathieu-Dramard, M -- Chiesa, J -- Blaumeiser, B -- Kooy, R F -- Caiazzo, R -- Pigeyre, M -- Balkau, B -- Sladek, R -- Bergmann, S -- Mooser, V -- Waterworth, D -- Reymond, A -- Vollenweider, P -- Waeber, G -- Kurg, A -- Palta, P -- Esko, T -- Metspalu, A -- Nelis, M -- Elliott, P -- Hartikainen, A-L -- McCarthy, M I -- Peltonen, L -- Carlsson, L -- Jacobson, P -- Sjostrom, L -- Huang, N -- Hurles, M E -- O'Rahilly, S -- Farooqi, I S -- Mannik, K -- Jarvelin, M-R -- Pattou, F -- Meyre, D -- Walley, A J -- Coin, L J M -- Blakemore, A I F -- Froguel, P -- Beckmann, J S -- 077014/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 079534/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 082390/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 089061/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 1RL1MH083268-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- 5R01HL087679-02/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- 5R01MH63706:02/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- G0500539/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- G0600331/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- G0600331(77796)/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- G0900554/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2010 Feb 4;463(7281):671-5. doi: 10.1038/nature08727.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Section of Genomic Medicine, Imperial College London, London W12 0NN, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20130649" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adolescent ; Adult ; Age of Onset ; Aging ; Body Mass Index ; Case-Control Studies ; Child ; *Chromosome Deletion ; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16/*genetics ; Cognition Disorders/complications/genetics ; Cohort Studies ; Europe ; Female ; Genome-Wide Association Study ; Heterozygote ; Humans ; Inheritance Patterns/genetics ; Male ; Mutation/genetics ; Obesity/complications/*genetics/*physiopathology ; *Penetrance ; Reproducibility of Results ; Sex Characteristics ; Young Adult
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1420-9071
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Analysis by GC-EAG indicates that abdominal tip extracts of femalePrays oleae contain a tetradecenal. Synthetic (Z)-7-tetradecenal elicits a strong EAG respones from maleP. oleae and field tests it to be comparable in attractancy with the virgin female moth. (Z)-9-Tetradecenal also produces a strong EAG response but it is not an attractant and, when added to (Z)-7-tetradecenal, markedly reduces trap catches.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1546-1718
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: [Auszug] Sir — The recent discovery that mutations in the β-amyloid protein cosegregate directly with the disease phenotype in a small number of familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) pedigrees has focused considerable attention on β-amyloid as an aetiological factor in the initiation of the ...
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1749-6632
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Weiners were prepared from preblended hot-boned (prerigor) beef raw materials stored up to 21 days at 2°C and up to 28 days at -10°C. The addition of salt was necessary for maintenance of desirable sausage-making characteristics of hot-boned beef stored at 2°C for 7 days. The addition of salt for the maintenance of desirable functional properties does not appear to be necessary, if the prerigor materials are stored at freezer temperatures (-10°C). Flavor problems may develop in products from preblended raw materials stored at -10°C beyond 14 days postmortem.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 44 (1979), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: 21 different sausage meats were chemically analyzed to determine the amounts of total collagen, insoluble collagen, and percentage soluble collagen present in each meat. A simple cookout test was also conducted to determine its usefulness in evaluating the bind characteristics of raw sausage materials. Values for total collagen, insoluble collagen, and percentage soluble collagen were quite variable among the meats sampled. Of the three collagen profile components studied, only percentage soluble collagen was observed to, be highly related to the binding characteristics of meat. Values for milliliters of fat and water lost during cooking were not significantly related to bind values. This study indicates a need for additional research to investigate the role of collagen profile components in the I formation of sausage batters.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Subjective ratings for muscle color and firmness were utilized to segment 299 fresh hams into four different quality groups (low, average, high, dark and soft). Individual hams were pumped to 115% of their green weights with a 62° brine (8–2–2 mixture) by either an artery (188 hams) or stitch (111 hams) brine injection system and then held at 3°C for a 21-day brine equalization period. The hams were then washed, placed in stockinettes and smoked. Prior to smoking, individual hams were assigned to one of six smoking schedules which were based upon three different levels of relative humidity (40, 60 and 80%) and two heating schedules (60, 71, 82°C and 49, 60, 71°C, dry bulb). Center-cut slices (1.25 cm thick) were removed from five or six average quality hams in each smoking schedule. Three 0.3 cm thick slices were removed from the top (medial side) and two 0.3 cm thick slices from the bottom (lateral side) of each center-cut slice for smoke deposition determinations (phenolic compounds). Artery-pumped hams produced significantly higher processing yields than the stitch-pumped hams. Smoke deposition was not affected by method of brine injection. Processing yields were significantly lower for the low-quality group of hams. Smoking schedules employing the lower smokehouse temperatures and relative humidities (40 and 60%) produced higher overall processing yields. At the higher temperature schedule, 60% relative humidity decidedly reduced overall processing yields. Processors desiring to use higher smokehouse temperatures should use a relative humidity greater than or less than, but not equal to, 60% to optimize processing yields. The concentrations of phenols observed in all six treatments would result in acceptable smoke flavor ratings.
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