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  • 1
    Call number: SR 90.0007(400)
    In: Bulletin
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 54 S.
    ISBN: 0660137224
    Series Statement: Bulletin / Geological Survey of Canada 400
    Language: English
    Location: Lower compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0967
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract Lead isotope data on whole rocks, feldspars and sulfides from the Ivrea zone indicate that the magmas which formed the Hercynian (?) mafic complex derived from an isotopically anomalous mantle with a lead isotope composition that resembled average continental crustal leads. Contamination during magma emplacement played a minor role and probably accounts for second order variations of the μ values. Similar leads were observed in Caledonian orthogneisses, late-Hercynian granites and volcanics of the near-by Ceneri zone. Metasediments of the kinzigitic series of the Ivrea zone as well as metasediments of the Ceneri zone contain lead with high μ values which indicates of prolonged crustal history in agreement with the mean ages of 1900 to 2500 my of their detrital zircon populations. Amphibolites of the kinzigitic series still contain MORB-type leads, and contamination by metasediments played only a minor role in spite of the regional metamorphism in upper amphibolite facies. The trace leads of stratiform sulfide ores are variable mixtures of mantle-derived and crustal leads depending on the host rock lithologies which are either amphibolites, amphibolites plus metasediments or metasediments.
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  • 3
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    In:  Supplement to: Cumming, G L (1976): Lead isotope ratios in DSDP Leg 37 basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 31(1), 179-183, https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(76)90110-2
    Publication Date: 2018-09-27
    Description: Analyses of Pb from mid-ocean ridge basalts obtained from DSDP Leg 37 lie on a line of near-zero-age slope. The data seem consistent with an evolutionary model of three stages, the beginning of the second stage being at about 600 m.y. - the model age obtained for the least radiogenic Pb. The beginning of the third stage of evolution at the time of formation of the rocks apparently did not change the average Th/U ratio since measured values are consistent with the ratio deduced from Pb isotope ratios. Ratios of U/Pb are not consistent with Pb isotope ratios, however, thus ruling out a simple two-stage evolutionary model.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 110 data points
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 206 (1965), S. 248-249 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] THE International Upper Mantle Project was initiated as a result of suggestions by Prof. V, Beloussov, at the 1960 meeting of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics in Helsinki, its major purpose being the study of the upper part of the Earth's mantle and its relation to the crust. The ...
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-5036
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Summary Apparatus and a procedure are described for preparing nitrogen samples for spectrometric analysis. The apparatus is a modification of Rittenberg's with major changes being a break-seal for collecting the sample and a voltmeter-galvanometer complex for measuring the vacuum. Replicate samples with low contamination can be prepared rapidly.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1438-1168
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Die Bidjovagge Gold-Kupfer-Lagerstätte (69°17'N, 22°29'E) liegt in dem N-S streichenden proterozoischen Kautokeino Grüngesteinsgürtel. Er besteht aus marinen Flachwassersedimenten, sowie mafischen und ultramafischen Vulkaniten, die von Diabas-Sills und von Granitoiden intrudiert werden. Diese Gesteinsabfolge kann mit dem 1930–2200 Ma alten Kiruna Grüngesteinsgürtel verglichen werden. Sveko-karelische Intrusionen erfolgten zweiphasig, zwischen 1880–1890 Ma und zwischen 1860 und 1870 Ma. Die Lagerstätte liegt in den stratigraphisch tieferen Anteilen diese Grüngesteinsgürtel entlang einer N-S streichenden Antiklinalstruktur im Übergangsbereich zwischen der Grünschiefer und Amphibolitfazies innerhalb der baltisch-bothnischen Mega-Scherzone. Sie ist an Scherzonen und an Albit-Felsite, einem metasomatisch am Kontakt mit den Diabas-Sills gebildeten Gestein, gebunden. Gediegen Gold und Kupferkies sind die wirtschaftlich wichtigsten Erzminerale. Pyrit und Magnetkies sind häufig. Markasit, Magnetit, Ilmenit, Hämatit, Telluride, Rutil, Zinkblende, Bleiglanz, Davidit und Pentlandit kommen akzessorisch vor. 10 Proben von Davidit, 14 Sulfide und 4 Proben von den Albit-Felsiten wurden auf ihre Isotopenzusammensetzung hin untersucht. Der obere Schnittpukt im U/Pb Concordiadiagramm ergab die beste Altersabschätzung für die Davidite (1885 ± 18 Ma). Dieses Alter wird als Zeitpunkt der Davidit (und Gold)-Mineralisation betrachtet. Ein Sm/Nd-Alter von 1886 ± 88 Ma bestätigt dieses. Ein metamorphes oder metasomatisches Ereignis, datiert mit 1339 ± 8 Ma störte das U/Pb System in einigen Daviditproben und führte zu einer vollständigen Reequilibrierung der U/Pb Verhältnisse in den Albit-Felsiten. Die Isotopenverhältnisse der Sulfide, die Spuren von U und Pb enthalten, wurden während der Bildung von Bleiglanz um etwa 500–550 Ma ebenfalls massiv gestört; die Sulfide wurden aber offensichtlich gleichzeitig, oder aber kurz nach Davidit, gebildet. Basierend auf einer Abschätzung des Bleiglanz-Bildungsalters im Zuge der Entwicklung einer altpaläozoischen Peneplain in diesem Gebiet, werden die Pb/Pb Daten als Zweistufen-Isochrone mit einem Ursprungsalter von 1876 ± 15 Ma interpretiert. Die Bindung der Mineralisation an Scherzonen, die Übereinstimmung des Mineralisationsalters mit dem der Sveco-karelischen Orogenese und die Isotopeninitiale der erzbildenden Lösungen belegen einen metamorph/metasomatischen Ursprung der Gold-und Kupfervererzungen.
    Notes: Summary The Bidjovagge gold-copper deposit (69°17'N, 22°29'E) occurs in the north-south trending Proterozoic Kautokeino greenstone belt. The greenstone belt consists of shallow marine sediments and mafic to ultramafic volcanites, which are intruded by diabase sills and granitoids. The sequence can be correlated with the 1930 to 2200 Ma Kiruna greenstone belt. Svecokarelian intrusions took place in two phases between 1880–1890 Ma and between 1860-1870 Ma. The deposit occurs in the stratigraphically lower part of the belt along a north-south trending anticlinal structure on the border between greenschist and amphibolite grade metamorphism within the Baltic-Bothnia megashear zone. The deposit is related to shear zones and hosted by albitic felsite, a metasomatic rock formed along the contact with the diabase sills. The only ore minerals of economic significance are native gold and chalcopyrite. Other common ore minerals are pyrite and pyrrhotite. Marcasite, magnetite, ilmenite, hematite, tellurides, rutile, sphalerite, galena, davidite and pentlandite occur in accessory amounts. A total of 10 samples of davidite, 14 sulfides and 4 samples of albitic felsite were analyzed for their isotopic compositions. Our best estimate for the age of the davidites (1885 ± 18 Ma) is based on the upper intersection of a U/Pb concordia diagram and is identified as the time of davidite (and gold) mineralization. This age is confirmed by a Sm/Nd date of 1886 ± 88 Ma on the same material. At 1339 ± 8 Ma, a metamorphic or metasomatic event disturbed the U/Pb system in some of the davidite samples and completely reset the U/Pb ratios in the albitic felsites. The sulfide minerals, containing trace U and Pb, were strongly disturbed during galena formation at about 500–550 Ma but apparently were initially formed at the same time as, or shortly after, the davidite. Based on an estimated time of formation of galena during the development of the early Paleozoic peneplain in the area, the Pb/Pb data are interpreted as a two-stage isochron with an initial age of 1876 ± 15 Ma. The relation between the mineralization and shear zones, the correspondence between the age of the mineralization and the Svecokarelian orogeny and the initial ratios of the radiogenic isotopes of the ore forming solutions, all support a metamorphic/metasomatic origin for the gold and copper mineralization.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1438-1168
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Wir haben erst kürzlich über U/Pb and Sm/Nd Daten von Davidit aus Albit-reichen, felsischen Gesteinen, in denen die Gold-Kupfer Mineralisation der Bidjovagge GoldKupfer Lagerstätte in Nord-Norwegen (69°17′N, 22°29′E) aufsitzt, berichtet. Es gibt wenige Isotopen-Datierungen der Gesteine, des N-S streichenden, proterozoischen Kautokeino Greenstone Belt. Außerdem ist eine Bestätigung der existierenden Daten wünschenswert, denn die bisherigen U/Pb Daten sind sehr widersprüchlich und unklar. Nun konnten wir die früheren Messungen mit U/Pb Daten von Uraninit aus den felsischen Gesteinen ergänzen. Die neuen Daten ergeben einen gut definierten Schnitt mit der Konkordia bei 1837 ± 8 Millionen Jahre, und sind damit etwas jünger als das von den Daviditen stammende Alter von 1885 ± 18 Millionen Jahre. Die Tatsache, daß diese beiden Minerale ein offensichtlich unterschiedliches Alter zeigen, unterstützt die Ansicht, daß die Lagerstätte metamorphen Ursprungs ist, wobei eine lange Periode der Abkühlung nach der Metamorphose zu vermuten ist.
    Notes: Summary We recently reported U/Pb and Sm/Nd dates on davidite from albitic felsites hosting the gold-copper mineralization of the Bidjovagge gold-copper deposit of northern Norway (69°17′N, 22°29′E). Isotopic dating of the north-south trending Proterozoic Kautokeino greenstone belt host rocks is sparse and confirmation of the dates was desirable, since the U/Pb data in particular were highly discordant and therefore somewhat uncertain. We have now supplemented the earlier measurements with U/Pb dating of uraninite from the felsites. The new uraninite data yield a well defined upper intersection with the concordia at 1837 ± 8 Ma, somewhat younger than the age of 1885 ± 18 Ma obtained on the davidites. The fact that the two minerals are apparently different in age lends support to the suggestion of a metamorphic origin of this deposit since a rather long period of cooling subsequent to metamorphism is indicated.
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 1968-10-01
    Print ISSN: 0008-4077
    Electronic ISSN: 1480-3313
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 1969-08-01
    Print ISSN: 0008-4077
    Electronic ISSN: 1480-3313
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 1974-01-01
    Print ISSN: 0008-4077
    Electronic ISSN: 1480-3313
    Topics: Geosciences
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