Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
The gross external morphology of the salivary glands of Gromphadorhina portentosa is described from light, scanning, and transmission electron microscopic observations. Various techniques, such as cryofracturing and epoxy-fracturing followed by plastic removal, were employed. Internally, the transportation system is characterized by a cuticle-lined lumen bordered by duct cells. The duct collects secretory products, some of which are reabsorbed by duct cells. Products are transported to intercalary ducts and eventually to the hypopharynx and/or salivary reservoirs. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate distinctive morphological differences between duct cells bordering ductules and those which line expanded regions of the duct. Duct cells which surround ductules have a microvillous-lined apical border in which the cuticular coat of the lumen may be only partially developed. Duct cells in other regions may retain microvilli, or the apical plasma membrane may invaginate and vesiculate. In some cells the apical region has neither microvilli nor invaginations, but possesses two morphologically different forms of microtubules. Some duct cells are characterized by the presence of lamellar bodies in the nuclear region and/or collagenous material above the basal lamina in the area where the acinar duct becomes confluent with the intercalary duct. The plasma membranes between adjacent duct cells within acini become convoluted, forming loops filled with cytoplasm. These loops, along with contact and septate desmosomes formed between membranes, may serve dual functions: adherent mechanisms between cells and/or transportation of materials between cells.
Type of Medium: