Helianthus annuus L.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Abstract The effects of the addition of compost, prepared from vegetable market refuse and stomach contents of slaughtered cattle, were studied in a sandy soil contained, in pots and kept in a greenhouse environment. Comparison was made between: i) a treatment involving pots containing compost mixed with 5% soil, ii) four treatments in which increasing quantities of compost homogeneously taken from the same lot (0, 10000, 20000, 30000 kg ha−1) were integrated with NPK mineral fertilizer to equalize available nutrients; iii) an untreated control. At 3, 4, and 5 years from the date of treatment, after various other crops, sunflower was planted. The yield obtained, though it fell off from year to year, was approximately double in the case of 95% compost. The other four treatments also resulted in production increases compared with the untreated control. Production was found to rise progressively with increasing quantities of compost. The improvement in soil chemistry and microbiology, as shown by analyses performed 5 years after treatment with compost, suggests that the rise in crop production may be attributed to an overall improvement in all components involved in the fertility of the soil used, in our experimental conditions.
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