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  • 1
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    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: A 2-D steady-state Navier-Stokes solver has been upgraded to include the effects of frozen and equilibrium air chemistry for applications to high speed flight vehicles. To provide a computationally economical first order approximation to the high temperature physics, variable thermodynamic data is used for the chemically frozen mode to allow for a variation with temperature of the air specific heats and enthalpy. For calculations involving air in chemical equilibrium, a specially modified version of the NASA Lewis Chemical Equilibrium Code, CEC, is used to compute the chemical composition and resultant thermochemical properties. The upgraded solver is demonstrated by comparing results from calorically perfect (C sub p=constant), thermally perfect (frozen) and equilibrium air calculations for a variety of geometries, and flight Mach numbers.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 88-3076
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A 2-D steady-state Navier-Stokes solver has been upgraded to include the effects of frozen and equilibrium air chemistry for applications to high speed flight vehicles. To provide a computationally economical first order approximation to the high temperature physics, variable thermodynamic data is used for the chemically frozen mode to allow for a variation with temperature of the air specific heats and enthalpy. For calculations involving air in chemical equilibrium, a specially modified version of the NASA Lewis Chemical Equilibrium Code, CEC, is used to compute the chemical composition and resultant thermochemical properties. The upgraded solver is demonstrated by comparing results from calorically perfect (C sub p=constant), thermally perfect (frozen) and equilibrium air calculations for a variety of geometries, and flight Mach numbers.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: E-4287 , NAS 1.26:182167 , NASA-CR-182167 , AIAA PAPER 88-3076
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: An efficient method to account for the chemically frozen thermodynamic and transport properties of air in three dimensional Navier-Stokes calculations was demonstrated. This approach uses an explicitly specified equation of state (EOS) so that the fluid pressure, temperature and transport properties are directly related to the flow variables. Since the pressure is explicitly known as a general function of the flow variables no assumptions are made regarding the pressure derivatives in the construction of the flux Jacobians. The method is efficient since no sub-iterations are required to deduce the pressure and temperature from the flux variables and allows different equations of state to be easily supplied to the code. The flexibility of the EOS approach is demonstrated by implementing a high order TVD upwinding scheme based upon flux differencing and Van Leer's flux vector splitting. The EOS approach is demonstrated by computing the hypersonic flow through the corner region of two mutually perpendicular flat plates and through a simplified model of a scramjet module gap-seal configuration.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: AIAA PAPER 90-0391
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The hybrid Lower-Upper Symmetric Gauss-Seidel (LU-SGS) algorithm was added to a widely used series of 2D/3D Euler/Navier-Stokes solvers and was demonstrated for a particular class of high-speed flows. A limited study was conducted to compare the hybrid LU-SGS for approximate Newton iteration and diagonalized Beam-Warming (DBW) schemes on a work and convergence history basis. The hybrid LU-SGS algorithm is more efficient and easier to implement than the DBW scheme originally present in the code for the cases considered. The code was validated for the hypersonic flow through two mutually perpendicular flat plates and then used to investigate the flow field in and around a simplified scramjet module gap seal configuration. Due to the similarities, the gap seal flow was compared to hypersonic corner flow at the same freestream conditions and Reynolds number.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: AIAA PAPER 89-2669
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2014-10-15
    Description: A Cartesian-cell based scheme with adaptive mesh refinement for solving the Euler and Navier-Stokes equations in two dimensions has been developed and tested. Grids about geometrically complicated bodies were generated automatically, by recursive subdivision of a single Cartesian cell encompassing the entire flow domain. Where the resulting cells intersect bodies, N-sided 'cut' cells were created using polygon-clipping algorithms. The grid was stored in a binary-tree data structure which provided a natural means of obtaining cell-to-cell connectivity and of carrying out solution-adaptive mesh refinement. The Euler and Navier-Stokes equations were solved on the resulting grids using an upwind, finite-volume formulation. The inviscid fluxes were found in an upwinded manner using a linear reconstruction of the cell primitives, providing the input states to an approximate Riemann solver. The viscous fluxes were formed using a Green-Gauss type of reconstruction upon a co-volume surrounding the cell interface. Data at the vertices of this co-volume were found in a linearly K-exact manner, which ensured linear K-exactness of the gradients. Adaptively-refined solutions for the inviscid flow about a four-element airfoil (test case 3) were compared to theory. Laminar, adaptively-refined solutions were compared to accepted computational, experimental and theoretical results.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: NASA. Langley Research Center, ICASE(LaRC Workshop on Adaptive Grid Methods; p 153-161
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Viewgraphs on Cartesian-cell based grid generation and adaptive mesh refinement are presented. Topics covered include: grid generation; cell cutting; data structures; flow solver formulation; adaptive mesh refinement; and viscous flow.
    Keywords: COMPUTER PROGRAMMING AND SOFTWARE
    Type: NASA. Langley Research Center, Unstructured Grid Generation Techniques and Software; p 193-201
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: An efficient method to account for the chemically frozen thermodynamic and transport properties of air in three-dimensional Navier-Stokes calculations has been demonstrated. This approach uses an explicitly specified equation of state (EOS) so that the fluid pressure, temperature, and transport properties are directly related to the flow variables. The method is efficient since no subiterations are required to deduce the pressure and temperature from the flux variables and is modular by allowing different equations of state to be easily supplied to the code. The flexibility of the EOS approach is shown by its implementation into a high-order total variation diminishing upwinding scheme as well as a standard central-differencing scheme. The EOS approach is then demonstrated by computing the hypersonic flow through the corner region of two mutually perpendicular flat plates using both the upwind and central-differencing schemes.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: AIAA Journal (ISSN 0001-1452); 29; 1223-123
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A Cartesian, cell-based approach for adaptively-refined solutions of the Euler and Navier-Stokes equations in two dimensions is developed and tested. Grids about geometrically complicated bodies are generated automatically, by recursive subdivision of a single Cartesian cell encompassing the entire flow domain. Where the resulting cells intersect bodies, N-sided 'cut' cells are created using polygon-clipping algorithms. The grid is stored in a binary-tree data structure which provides a natural means of obtaining cell-to-cell connectivity and of carrying out solution-adaptive mesh refinement. The Euler and Navier-Stokes equations are solved on the resulting grids using a finite-volume formulation. The convective terms are upwinded: A gradient-limited, linear reconstruction of the primitive variables is performed, providing input states to an approximate Riemann solver for computing the fluxes between neighboring cells. The more robust of a series of viscous flux functions is used to provide the viscous fluxes at the cell interfaces. Adaptively-refined solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations using the Cartesian, cell-based approach are obtained and compared to theory, experiment and other accepted computational results for a series of low and moderate Reynolds number flows.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: Surface Modeling, Grid Generation, and Related Issues in Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) Solutions; p 207-224
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: A critical assessment of the accuracy of Cartesian-mesh approaches for solving the Euler equations is made. An exact solution of the Euler equations (Ringleb's flow) is used not only to infer the order of error of the Cartesian mesh approaches, but also to compare the magnitude of the error directly to that obtained with a structured mesh approach. The effect of cell merging is investigated as well as the use of two different K-exact reconstruction procedures. The solution methodology of the schemes is explained and tabulated results are presented to compare the solution accuracies. Adaptive and uniform mesh refinement is evaluated for Ringleb's flow and the supersonic flow through an axisymmetric inlet.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 93-3335 , In: AIAA Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, 11th, Orlando, FL, July 6-9, 1993, Technical Papers. Pt. 1 (A93-44994 18-34); p. 423-437.
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-08-29
    Description: Grid adaptation has recently received attention in the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) community as a means to capture the salient features of a flowfield by either moving grid points of a structured or by adding cells in an unstructured manner. An approach based on a background cartesian mesh is investigated from which the geometry is 'cut' out of the mesh. Once the mesh is obtained, a solution on this coarse grid is found, that indicates which cells need to be refined. This process of refining/solving continues until the flow is grid refined in terms of a user specified global parameter (such as drag coefficient etc.). The advantages of this approach are twofold: the generation of the base grid is independent of the topology of the bodies or surfaces around/through which the flow is to be computed, and the resulting grid (in uncut regions) is highly isotropic, so that the truncation error is low. The flow solver (which, along with the grid generation is still under development) uses a completely unstructured data base, and is a finite volume, upwinding scheme. Current and future work will address generating Navier-Stokes suitable grids by using locally aligned and normal face/cell refining. The attached plot shows a simple grid about two turbine blades.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: Workshop on Grid Generation and Related Areas; p 107-120
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