enzymatic fragment condensation
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
The kinetically controlled condensation reaction of Z-Gly-Trp-Met-OR1 (R1: Et, Al, Cam) and H-Asp-(OR2)-Phe-NH2 (R2: H, But) catalyzed by α-chymotrypsin deposited onto polyamide in organic media was studied. The effect of the drying process of the enzyme-support preparation, substrate concentrations, reaction medium, acyl donor, and nucleophile structure on both enzymatic activity and pentapeptide yield was investigated. The immobilized preparation directly equilibrated at aw = 0.113, gave higher enzymatic activities than dried with vacuum first, and then equilibrated at aw = 0.113. The addition of triethylamine to the reaction medium increased dramatically the enzymatic activity. However, the pentapeptide yield was affected neither by the drying procedure nor by the addition of triethylamine. The donor ester Z-Gly-Trp-Met-OAl gave initial reaction rates 2.6 times higher than the conventional ethyl ester derivative but rendered similar yields. The best results were obtained using Z-Gly-Trp-Met-OCam as acyl-donor ester; 80% yield and initial reaction rates 4 times higher than the ethyl ester derivative. In all cases, acetonitrile containing Tris-HCl 50 mM pH 9 buffer (0.5% v/v) and triethylamine (0.5% v/v) was found to be the best reaction system. Under these conditions, it was possible to use the nucleophile H-Asp-Phe-NH2 with β-unprotected aspartic acid residue. In this case, 50% yield was obtained, but economic considerations could lead to select it as nucleophile. Finally, the fragment condensation reaction was carried out at gram scale, obtaining a 39% yield which included the reaction, removal of protecting groups and purification steps. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biotechnol Bioeng 56: 456-463, 1997.
Type of Medium: