Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Substrate regulation of System A transport activity in rat H4 hepatoma cells is described. The uptake of several amino acids was tested in the presence of system-specific inhibitors. System A activity was increased in a RNA- and protein synthesis-dependent manner by amino acid deprivation of the cells (adaptive regulation), whereas transport by Systems ASC, N, y+, and L was unaffected. Unlike human fibroblasts, the H4 cells did not require serum to exhibit the depression of System A. At cell densities between 88 × 103 and 180 × 103 cells/cm2, the degree of adaptive regulation was inversely related to cell density. Both transport of AIB and adaptive regulation of System A were nearly abolished if either K+ or Li+ was substituted for Na+ in the medium. The presence of cycloheximide or tunicamycin blocked further increases in starvation-induced activity within 1 hr of addition, suggesting the involvement of a plasma membrane glycoprotein. In contrast, if the medium was supplemented with actinomycin after the stimulation of System A had begun, the activity continued to increase for an additional 2 hr before being slowed by the inhibitor. The contributions of trans-inhibition and repression to the amino acid-induced decay of System A activity were estimated for several representative amino acids. In general, the System A activity in normal rat hepatocytes was much less sensitive to trans-inhibition than the corresponding activity in H4 hepatoma cells. The half-life values for the amino acid-dependent decay of System A ranged from 0.5 to 2.0 hr.
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