Supplement to: Stríkis, Nicolás M; Chiessi, Cristiano Mazur; da Cruz Junior, Francisco William; Vuille, Mathias; Cheng, Hai; de Souza Barreto, Eline A; Mollenhauer, Gesine; Kasten, Sabine; Karmann, Ivo; Edwards, R Lawrence; Bernal, Patricio A; dos Reis Sales, Hamilton (2015): Timing and structure of Mega-SACZ events during Heinrich Stadial 1. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(13), 5477-5484, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL064048
A substantial strengthening of the South American monsoon system (SAMS) during Heinrich Stadials (HS) points toward decreased cross-equatorial heat transport as the main driver of monsoonal hydroclimate variability at millennial time-scales. In order to better constrain the exact timing and internal structure of HS1 over tropical South America we assessed two precisely dated speleothem records from central-eastern and northeastern Brazil in combination with two marine records of terrestrial organic and inorganic matter input into the western equatorial Atlantic. During HS1 we recognize at least two events of widespread intensification of the SAMS across the entire region influenced by the South Atlantic Convergence Zone (SACZ) at 16.11-14.69 kyr BP and 18.1-16.66 kyr BP (labeled as HS1a and HS1c, respectively), separated by a dry excursion from 16.66-16.11 kyr BP (HS1b). In view of the spatial structure of precipitation anomalies, the widespread increase of monsoon precipitation over the SACZ domain was termed 'Mega-SACZ'.
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